Western Association for Art Conservation

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Western Association for Art Conservation
Western Association for Art Conservation.gif
Full name Western Association for Art Conservation (WAAC)


Email: secretary@waac-us.org
Affiliation Professional association
Website http://cool.conservation-us.org/waac/

The Western Association for Art Conservation (WAAC) is a nonprofit regional membership organization for conservation professionals based in the Western United States, although membership is open to all irrespective of geographical location.


WAAC serves its members, who have a professional responsibility for the preservation of cultural heritage, and disseminates information through its publications and annual meeting/conference. WAAC advances knowledge, practice and standards for the conservation profession.

WAAC's bylaws[1] state that the specific purposes of WAAC are:

  • To provide an organization that advances the knowledge of conservation and improves the methods of conservation needed to protect, preserve, and maintain the condition and integrity of objects, structures, or sites that, because of their history, significance, rarity, or quality of work, have a commonly accepted value and importance for the public interest.
  • To expand knowledge of all subjects related to the conservation of artistic, historic, and other cultural property.
  • To encourage education, study, and research in the conservation of artistic, historic, and other cultural property.
  • To promote proficiency and skill in the practice of the conservation of artistic, historic, and other cultural property.
  • To maintain and promote professional relationships, standards of practice, and ethics for conservators, and to oppose any influences that would tend to lower such standards and ethics.
  • To organize and otherwise participate in exhibitions dealing with the conservation of artistic, historic, and other cultural property.
  • To publish, sell, circulate, and distribute books, magazines, publications, literature, films, magnetic tapes, and digital media dealing with the conservation of artistic, historic, and other cultural property.
  • To solicit funds and to receive donations and legacies. To execute the expenditure of grant monies.
  • To take all action necessary or desirable in order to accomplish any of the purposes of WAAC, provided that such action is in conformity with the provisions of the California Law, Revenue and Taxation Code, Section 23701d, or the Federal Internal Revenue Code, Section 501(c)(3).


WAAC was founded in 1975 to bring together conservators practicing in the western United States to exchange ideas, information and news.

One of the prime forces behind the creation of the Western Association for Art Conservation, or Western Association of Art Conservators as it was initially called, was Benjamin Bishop Johnson,[2] who served as the first President of the organization; and at the time was Chief Conservator at LACMA, as well as a lecturer at UCLA.

Organisation and Governance[edit]

Current WAAC Board of Directors (2013 - 2014)[edit]

The current WAAC Board.[3]

  • President, Katie Holbrow, Head of conservation at SF Asian Art Museum
  • Vice-President, Catherine Coueignoux
  • Treasurer, Chris Stavroudis
  • Secretary, Claire Gerhard
  • Member-at-Large, Susanne E. Friend
  • Member-at-Large,Elizabeth Homberger
  • Member-at-Large, Sue Ann Chui
  • Member-at-Large, Yadin Larochette
  • Newsletter Editor, Carolyn Tallent
  • Membership Secretary, Chris Stavroudis
  • Web Editor, Walter Henry
  • Fulfillments, Donna Williams, Williams Art Conservation, Inc.

Elected WAAC Board Members[edit]

The positions of President, Vice President, and Member-at-Large, are elected annually by the membership. The following table summarizes these positions since the founding of the organization.[4]

Year President Vice-President Member-at-Large Member-at-Large Member-at-Large Member-at-Large
1975 Ben B. Johnson Richard Buck
1976-1977 Jerry Hoephner (left office) Roger D. Broussal (acting president)
1977-1978 Inge-Lisa Eckman Jon Erickdon
1979 Victoria Blyth-Hill David Bull Betty L. Engel James L. Greaves Teri Oikawa-Picante
1979-1980 David Bull Sarah Fisher Betty L. Engel Robert Futernick James L. Greaves
1980-81 Sarah Fisher James Ross Druzik Denise Domergue Leslie M. Kruth Zora Sweet Pinney
1981-1982 James Ross Druzik Teri Oikawa-Picante Elisabeth Cornu Denise Domergue James L. Greaves
1982-1983 Teri Oikawa-Picante Scott M. Haskins James Ross Druzik Leslie M. Kruth Bruce Miller
1983-1984 Scott M. Haskins John Twilley Gary Alden Leslie M. Kruth Judith Rieniets Tatyana M. Thompson
1984-1985 John Twilley Robert Futernick Scott M. Haskins Carl Patterson Chris Stavroudis
1985-1986 Robert Futernick Benita Johnson Debra Evans John Twilley Rosamond Westmoreland
1986-1987 Benita Johnson Rosamond Westmoreland Genevieve A. Baird Lynn Wicks Jim Wright
1987-1988 Rosamond Westmoreland Debra Evans Elisabeth Cornu Denise Domergue Mark P. Watters
1988-1989 Debra Evans Mark P. Watters Joanne Page Jerry Podany Karen Zukor
1989-1990 Mark P. Watters Glenn Wharton Nancy Odegaard Janice Mae Schopfer Patricia Leavengood
1990-1991 Glenn Wharton Tatyana M. Thompson Elisabeth Cornu Eric Hansen Chris Stavroudis
1991-1992 Tatyana M. Thompson Patricia Leavengood Victoria Blyth-Hill John W. Burke Zora Sweet Pinney
1992-1993 Patricia Leavengood Lesley Bone Jane Bassett Elisabeth Mention Sharon K. Shore
1993-1994 Lesley Bone Pauline Mohr Theresa Meyer Andrews Vinod Daniel Catherine C. McLean
1994-1995 Pauline Mohr Neil C. Cockerline Jane Bassett Walter Henry Elizabeth C. Welsh
1995-1996 Neil C. Cockerline Elizabeth C. Welsh John Griswold Marc W. Harnly Karen Zukor
1996-1997 Elizabeth C. Welsh John Griswold Neil C. Cockerline Cecily M. Grzywacz Linda Strauss
1997-1998 John Griswold Jill Sterrett Mitchell Hearns Bishop Laura Downey Cecily Grzywacz Linda A. Strauss
1999 Jill Sterrett Antoinette Dwan Mitchell Hearns Bishop Laura Downey Julie Goldman J. Claire Dean
2000 Antoinette Dwan Marc Harnly Julie Goldman J. Claire Dean Camilla Van Vooren Ulrich Birkmaier
2001 Marc Harnly J. Claire Dean Camilla Van Vooren Holly Anderson Susanne E. Friend Beverly Perkins
2002 J. Claire Dean Mitchell Hearns Bishop Susanne E. Friend Beverly Perkins Jane K. Hutchins Molly Lambert
2003 Mitchell Hearns Bishop Molly Lambert J. Claire Dean Jane K. Hutchins Dr. Nancy Odegaard Donna Williams
2004 Molly Lambert Beverly Perkins Dr. Nancy Odegaard Donna Williams Maureen Russell Chris Stavroudis
2005 Beverly Perkins Laura D. Staneff Maureen Russell Chris Stavroudis Scott Carrlee Nicholas Dorman
2006 Laura Downey Staneff Camilla Van Vooren Scott Carrlee Nicholas Dorman Leslie Rainer Chris Stavroudis
2007 Camilla Van Vooren Susanne E. Friend Leslie Rainer Chris Stavroudis Scott Carrlee Marie Svoboda
2008 Susanne E. Friend Scott Carrlee Marie Svoboda Camilla Van Vooren Marie Laibinis-Craft Dana K. Senge
2009 Scott Carrlee Marie Laibinis-Craft Dana K. Senge Susanne E. Friend Albrecht Gumlich Marie Svoboda
2010 Marie Laibinis-Craft Dana K. Senge Albrecht Gumlich Marie Svoboda Ria German-Carter Beverly N. Perkins
2011 Dana K. Senge Daniel Heath Cull Ria German-Carter Beverly N. Perkins Molly Gleeson Sean Charette
2012 Daniel Heath Cull Nicholas Dorman Molly Gleeson Sean Charette Christel Pesme Pamela B. Skiles
2013 Nicholas Dorman Katie Holbrow Pamela B. Skiles Sean Charette Elizabeth Homberger Susanne E. Friend
2014 Katie Holbrow Catherine Coueignoux Elizabeth Homberger Susanne E. Friend Sue Ann Chui Yadin Larochette


Membership Directory[edit]

A membership directory is published annually and sent to members. The membership directory is alternatively available to members in electronic format; as a pdf. WAAC's Membership Directory is distributed in March of each year.


The WAAC Newsletter (ISSN 1052-0066)[5] has been published since 1979, and is published three times per year, in January, May and September. Each issue has been 28-32 pages long. Each issue contains several feature articles, many of which are widely cited, and the newsletter is a widely referenced resource for heritage professionals.[6]

Regular columns include:

  • Letter from the President
  • Regional News
  • Technical Exchange
  • Health & Safety
  • Articles You May Have Missed
  • Publications and Audiovisual
  • Conference Reviews
  • Positions Available

A 10-Year Cumulative Index of the WAAC Newsletter (1979-1988, Volumes 1-10) has also been produced. Back issues are also available online.[7]

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

In response to Hurricane Katrina WAAC published a special issue of the WAAC Newsletter, September 2005 (vol 27, no 3),[8] devoted to issue of salvage and emergency response. The issue included information on health and safety for salvage operations, a reprint with a new introduction of Betty Walsh's "Salvage Operations for Water Damaged Archival Collections" and the "Salvage at a Glance" chart[9] (printed on waterproof synthetic paper), as well as a collection of new information and reprinted materials from a number of sources.

A Guide to Handling Anthropological Museum Collections[edit]

The WAAC publication A Guide to Handling Anthropological Museum Collections[10] is available in both English and Spanish (Guía para el manejo de colecciones antropológicas de museos).

The guide has also been translated into Arabic. Although not directly available from WAAC, it is reportedly widely distributed in the Arab speaking world.[11]

This is a humorous guide to the "do's and don'ts" of collections handling, and was written by Nancy Odegaard and illustrated by Grace Katterman. It is soft bound, and runs to 41 pages.

Out of Print Publications[edit]

  • Loss Compensation Symposium Postprints.[12]

A compilation of the talks comprising the Loss Compensation panel from the 1993 meeting at the Marconi Conference Center, enhanced by a detailed introduction into the history of loss compensation theory written by Patricia Leavengood.[13]


  • Loss Compensation Theory and Practice: A Brief History Patricia Leavengood p. 1
  • "Necessity Introduced These Arts" Loss Compensation in the History of Conservation Elizabeth Darrow p. 7
  • Compensations for Deteriorations Resulting in Losses: A Structuralist Looks at Old and New Practices for the
  • Conservation of Ethnographic, Archaeological, and Contemporary Objects Dale Paul Kronkright p. 13
  • Review of Loss Compensation Techniques Used in Textile Conservation Sharon K. Shore p. 19
  • Loss Compensation in Paper Debra Evans p. 25
  • Dilemmas of Compensation in Contemporary Art Tatyana M. Thompson p. 29
  • Aesthetic and Cultural Considerations for the Conservation of Hispanic New Mexican Religious Art Keith Bakker p. 33
  • East and West: Approaches to Loss Compensation Linda Scheifler Marks p. 41
  • The Japanese Use of Gold Lacquer in Ceramic Restoration Genevieve A. Baird p. 45

Annual Meeting[edit]

WAAC holds an annual meeting, also referred to as a conference.[15] Information about past meetings can be found on the WAAC website.[16]

In 2009 rain water entered the Alaska State Archives building, when a storm ripped the roof from the building, WAAC members who "serendipitously happen to be in Juneau for the Western Association for Art Conservation conference"[17] assist with the rescue efforts. The conference went ahead, and included a public lecture by Yosi Pozeilov about pinhole cameras.[18]

Year Dates City, State Location
1977 28 October Malibu, California J. Paul Getty Museum
1979 11–12 October Portland, OR
1982 San Francisco, California
1983 3–5 October Oakland, California
1984 1–3 November Riverside, California University of California at Riverside
1985 28–30 October Santa Barbara, California
1986 2–5 November Pacific Grove, California Asilomar Conference Center
1987 2–4 November Tucson, Arizona Westward Look Resort
1988 5–8 November Yosemite National Park, California
1989 5–7 October Honolulu, Hawaii
1990 15–17 October Catalina Island, California Catalina Canyon Hotel
1991 September - 1 October Seattle, Washington The Edgewatter Hotel
1992 27–29 September Santa Fe, New Mexico La Posada Hotel
1993 Marshall, California Marconi Conference Center
1994 25–27 September Pacific Grove, California Asilomar Conference Center
1995 9–12 September Sequoia National Forest, California Montecito-Sequoia Lodge
1996 6–9 October Las Vegas, Nevada Jackie Gaughn's Plaza Hotel/Casino
1997 26–29 October Phoenix, Arizona
1998 5–7 October Mt Hood, Oregon Timberline Lodge
1999 15–16 November San Francisco, California San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
2000 13–15 November Nevada City Miner’s Foundry
2001 11–13 October Los Angeles, California J Paul Getty Museum
2002 6–9 October Portland, Oregon Portland Art Museum
2003 9–11 October Honolulu, Hawai’i Honolulu Academy of Arts
2004 2–4 October Santa Fe, New Mexico Museum of International Folk Art, Museum of Fine Arts
2005 27–29 August Cody, Wyoming Buffalo Bill Historical Center
2006 21–22 October Tucson, Arizona Center for Creative Photography
2007 14–17 September Denver, Colorado Colorado History Museum, Denver Art Museum
2008 24–26 October Malibu, California The Getty Villa
2009 19–21 August Juneau, Alaska Juneau Arts and Culture Center
2010 16–18 September Portland, OR University of Oregon White Stag Block, AIA Portland Chapter/Center for Architecture
2011 19–22 October Austin. Texas Thompson Conference Center UT Austin
2012 22–25 October Palm Springs, California Palm Springs Art Museum
2013 17–20 September Seattle, Washington Seattle Art Museum


  1. ^ "WAAC Bylaws. Revised 6/29/87, 10/8/96 and 11/15/99". Cool.conservation-us.org. 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  2. ^ Greaves, James L. (January 1991). "A Remembrance: Benjamin Bishop Johnson". WAAC Newsletter. 13, Number 1. Cool.conservation-us.org. p. 10. 
  3. ^ "WAAC Board 2009-10". Cool.conservation-us.org. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  4. ^ "Index of /waac/historical/board-members". Cool.conservation-us.org. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  5. ^ "RUG Links. Find e-Journal. Search: ISSN 1052-0066". Sfx.ub.rug.nl:9003. 2004-05-30. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  6. ^ "Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc. Online Resources for Collectors". Tfaoi.com. 2011. 
  7. ^ "WAAC Newsletter". Cool.conservation-us.org. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  8. ^ "WAAC Newsletter, Special Issue: Salvage and Emergency response" (PDF). 27, no 3. Cool.conservation-us.org. September 2005. 
  9. ^ Walsh, Betty. "Salvage at a Glance chart. © Province of British Columbia 1997. Published as an insert to the WAAC Newsletter, Vol. 19, No. 2 (May 1997)" (PDF). Cool.conservation-us.org. 
  10. ^ "A guide to handling anthropological museum collections: Nancy Odegaard: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  11. ^ http://www.statemuseum.arizona.edu/research/rebuilding_iraq_culture.shtml
  12. ^ Leavengood, Patricia. Loss Compensation Symposium Postprints: Western Association for Art Conservation Annual Meeting, 1993. Western Association for Art Conservation. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  13. ^ "WAAC Newsletter" (PDF). 30 Number 1. Cool.conservation-us.org. January 2008. 
  14. ^ "Bcin Document Display". Bcin.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  15. ^ Cull, D. (2010). Review of Western Association for Art Conservation (WAAC) Annual Meeting. E-conservation magazine, No. 16. p. 13-16. 
  16. ^ "Index of /waac/historical/pastmeetings". Cool.conservation-us.org. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  17. ^ Hsieh, Jeremy (August 18, 2009). "Rain soaks state archives: Hundreds of boxes of historical documents affected by roof mishap". Juneauempire.com. 
  18. ^ "Yosi Pozeilov to give pinhole photography presentation". Juneauempire.com. August 16, 2009. 

External links[edit]