Western Ferries

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Western Ferries (Clyde) Ltd
Type Private
Industry Transport
Founded 1968 Western Ferries
1985 Western Ferries (Clyde) Ltd.
Headquarters Dunoon, Argyll, Scotland.
Area served River Clyde
Key people Gordon Ross (Managing Director)
Services Ferries
Website Western-ferries.co.uk

Western Ferries (also known as Western Ferries (Clyde) Ltd) is a private ferry company with its headquarters in Dunoon, Scotland. It currently operates on the River Clyde running a year-round, high-frequency vehicle carrying service between Hunters Quay near Dunoon and McInroy's Point on the outskirts of Gourock in Inverclyde.

History[edit]

Western Ferries route map
MV Sound of Sanda

In the mid 1960s the islands on the west coast of Scotland were served by two kinds of vessel; mail ferries operated by David MacBrayne Ltd and "puffers" – small bulk cargo vessels capable of landing at simple piers or on the beach to discharge coal, lime etc. MacBrayne's also operated a number of cargo vessels out of Glasgow. None of these vessels was equipped to deal with road transport.[1] Three car ferries operated by MacBrayne's were all side-loading and not suited to carrying the sharply increasing growth in tourist traffic or commercial vehicles.

In 1966 three people engaged in contracting work on the west coast decided to set up the Eileann Sea Service. With the help of an HIDB loan a landing craft type vessel, Isle of Gigha was constructed and started operation in the middle of the seaman's strike. But in November the ship capsized and this put the company in financial difficulty. If anything further were to happen, more money and technical back-up were needed.

A group of Scottish businessmen having special interest in shipping and haulage matters, many of whom also had local interest in Islay and Jura, subscribed £100,000 capital and Western Ferries was set up.

Islay service[edit]

Sound of Islay was ordered from Ferguson Brothers of Port Glasgow. She was designed to carry 20 cars or a combination of cars and commercial vehicles. She was launched amid a storm of derision.[1] Trading began on 7 April 1968 between Kennacraig, West Loch Tarbert, and Islay.

The service provided a new roll-on/roll-off facility, operated twice as frequently as the existing boat to Islay, and offered lower rates without the benefit of subsidy. Unlike its competitor, it operated seven days a week, at night if required, and was punctual. It was immediately successful not only in taking the traffic which had formerly used mail or cargo services but also in converting much of the bulk trade which had formerly travelled in "puffers" to using trailers, thus saving on time, handling, breakage, pilferage and port dues. Lower rates led to a general increase in trade so that a larger and faster vessel was required.

Sound of Jura was ordered from Norway. She came into operation in 1969 with three sailings a day. The capital of the company was increased to £250,000. Western Ferries had already formed a very close working relationship with a local haulier. He opened depots near both ferry terminals so that trailers could be moved on and off the vessels quickly without drivers and tractors units having to cross with them. He provided a parcel service as well as bulk service, and with dedication, grass roots expertise and low rates he built a thriving business.[1]

At the beginning of 1969 the Port Askaig (Islay) – Feolin (Jura) service began – a high frequency service across a short stretch of water with a landing craft type vessel (the Isle of Gigha now modified and renamed Sound of Gigha, capable of carrying the largest commercial vehicle permitted on the road, or six cars). This effectively joined Islay and Jura and increased the traffic to the mainland. Jura was now served by three through sailings a day instead of three per week and both islands could now enjoy things which had hitherto been luxuries, like fresh fruit.[1]

In 1970, the Sound of Islay began the Campbeltown (Kintyre) – Red Bay (Northern Ireland) service and was successful with the initial help of a cement strike in Ireland and a dock strike in England. Attempts to keep up a winter service, primarily with timber, were unsuccessful. However the Sound of Islay, under Captain Alister Meenan, took over the Kennacraig - Port Askaig route offering, for the first time, a reliable and punctual service.

Caledonian MacBrayne positioned a new ferry on the same route in 1974. The new Cal-Mac service was subsidised by the Government leaving Western unable to compete. Western Ferries started to lose traffic to the new ferry, and after receiving an offer from the Mexican Government, sold Sound of Jura in 1976. They continued to serve Islay until 1981 using Sound of Islay when she too was withdrawn, unable to keep pace with the heavily subsidised CalMac, and was sold to the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada, where she remains in service to this day.

Clyde service[edit]

Hunters Quay terminal

In June 1973, Western Ferries opened a new route across the Clyde between McInroy’s Point (Gourock) and Hunters Quay (Dunoon) using two modified Swedish vessels Sound of Scarba and Sound of Shuna. These had bow and stern ramps, allowing roll-on/roll-off operation.[2] Traffic developed rapidly and in August 1974, the former Isle of Wight ferry, MV Lymington joined the service as Sound of Sanda. This crossing was much shorter than the parallel Caledonian MacBrayne route. Although CalMac's vessels were considerably faster, their longer route meant that both operators took around 20 minutes to make the crossing. The simpler ro-ro service was regular, frequent and ran from 7 am until 10 pm. Their rates matched the recently reduced rates of CalMac.[citation needed] Traffic kept both services very active.[citation needed] In 1985, after the Clyde service was transferred to Western Ferries (Clyde) Ltd, new tonnage was sought and appeared in the spring of 1986 when the company bought another former Sealink ferry, the Freshwater. She entered service as Sound of Seil in 1986. A further vessel, the Sound of Sleat, a former Dutch river ferry (ex de Hoorn) was added two years later. Two further ferries were purchased from Dutch owners, in 1995 and 1996. Both Sound of Scalpay and the second Sound of Sanda replaced older vessels.[2]

In 2001, Ferguson Shipbuilders of Port Glasgow delivered the second Sound of Scarba, the company’s first new ferry for the service. The old vessel was sold after a few years of mooring in the Holy Loch. A new Sound of Shuna followed in October 2003.[2]

Between late 2006 and September 2007 facilities at both ports were restructured. The car marshalling areas were enlarging and a second linkspan was installed at both Hunters Quay and McInroys Point.

All four ferries operate during peak periods, providing a 15-minute service. At other times, three crossings per hour are provided whilst evenings and quieter times see a vessel depart every 30 minutes.[3]

In 2013 two brand new vessels were commissioned by Western. These were built by the Cammell Laird Shipyard in Merseyside. Entering the fleet in October of that year as Sound of Soay and Sound of Seil this brought the fleet size to six however this dropped to four on disposal of the two oldest vessels (Scalpay and Sanda).

The company employs 57 staff including six directors of whom 50 live in the Dunoon area.[4]

Arran Service[edit]

In early January 2010, the company announced that it was to commence a high frequency, low fare route between Ardrossan and Brodick in direct competition to publicly owned Caledonian MacBrayne. they stated that they were planning to build a new vessel with a carrying capacity of 400 passengers and 70 vehicles and services were expected to begin in 2012.[5]

In September 2011 managing director Gordon Ross announced that the Arran project is still very much alive but will be delayed by the uncertainty as to whether the Arran route will be tendered separately from the main CalMac bundle in 2013.[6]

Community involvement[edit]

The Company has a high profile in the communities it serves. There is significant investment in employing local workers and in locally-sourced goods and services. Funds are made available for the sponsorship of local groups, individuals, sports organisations and charities.[7] Western Ferries sponsor local sporting events including the Cowal Highland Gathering[8] and the annual Western Ferries Pro-Am golf tournament.[citation needed]

The company provides a call-out service through the night for the Scottish Ambulance Service, for ambulances carrying emergency cases to hospitals in Greenock, Paisley and Glasgow

Fleet[edit]

Present fleet[edit]

The company runs a fleet of four purpose-built car ferries.

Name Cars Built Notes
MV Sound of Scarba (II) 45 2001 (Ferguson Shipbuilders, Port Glasgow, Scotland)
MV Sound of Shuna (II) 45 2003 (Ferguson Shipbuilders, Port Glasgow, Scotland)
MV Sound of Seil (II) 54 2013 (Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, England)
MV Sound of Soay 54 2013 (Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, England)

Historic fleet[edit]

Name Cars Built Notes
MV Sound of Sanda 37 1963 (Walsum, Germany) Sold October 2013
MV Sound of Scalpay 37 1961 (Arnhem, Holland) Sold October 2013
MV Sound of Seil (I) 1959 (Ailsa yard, Troon) ex-Freshwater; scrapped ?1997[9]
MV Sound of Sleat 30 1961 (Hardinxveld, Netherlands)[10] ex-de Hoorn
MV Sound of Sanda (I) 17 1938 (William Denny and Brothers, Dumbarton) ex-Lymington; scrapped
MV Sound of Shuna (I) 24 1962 (AB Asi-Verken, Åmål, Sweden) ex-Olandssund IV; Sold 2003[11]
MV Sound of Scarba (I) 1960 (AB Asi-Verken, Åmål, Sweden) ex-Olandssund III; Sold 2001[12]
MV Sound of Jura 36 1969 (Hatlø Verksted A/S, Ulsteinvik, Norway)
MV Sound of Islay 20 1968 (Ferguson Shipbuilders, Port Glasgow) 1981 Sold to Government of Newfoundland & Labrador[13]
MV Sound of Gigha 1966 (Bideford Shipyard) ex-Isle of Gigha
MV Highland Seabird - 1976 (Westermoen Hydrofoil, Mandal, Norway) Passenger only Catamaran hull[14]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Free Trip to Islay – June 1975". Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "An Operational History". Western Ferries. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  3. ^ "Western Ferries Timetable". Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Western Ferries Clyde – appraisal paper" (pdf). 3 July 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Arran braced for new ferry war". Herald. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "Arran service very much alive". Herald. Retrieved 3 Sep 2013. 
  7. ^ "Mission Statement". Western Ferries. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  8. ^ "Sponsors and Patrons 2008". Cowal Highland Gathering. Retrieved 2009. 
  9. ^ "Sound of Seil". Ship Nostalgia. 4 October 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "M/F Sound of Sleat". Ferry Site. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Sound of Shuna - IMO 5261972". Shipspotting. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "IMO 7338547". Shipspotting. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Russ McLean (2010). "CalMac Ferries, Competition, and Islanders" (PDF). Duncansby Head Publishing Co. ISBN 9780956025845. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Highland Seabird - The Story of Western Ferries Catamaran". Scribd.com. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 

External links[edit]