Western Lombard dialect
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (February 2011)|
|Milanes/Milanées, Insubrigh/Insübrich, lumbard ucidental|
|Native to||Italy (Province of Milan, Province of Monza, Province of Como, Province of Lecco, Province of Lodi, a small part of Province of Cremona, a small part of Province of Alessandria, Province of Novara, Province of Pavia, Province of Sondrio, Province of Varese, Province of Verbano Cusio Ossola, a small part of Province of Vercelli) and Switzerland (Canton Ticino and some valleys of Canton Grigioni)|
|(no estimate available)|
|Linguasphere||51-AAA-odd ... 51-AAA-odj|
Western Lombard is a Romance language spoken in Italy, in the Lombard provinces of Milan, Monza, Varese, Como, Lecco, Sondrio, a small part of Cremona (except Crema and its neighbours), Lodi and Pavia, and the Piedmont provinces of Novara, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola and a small part of Vercelli (Valsesia), and Switzerland (the Canton of Ticino and part of the Canton of Graubünden). After the name of the region involved, land of the former Duchy of Milan, this language is often referred to as Insubric (see Insubria and Insubres) or Milanese, or, after Clemente Merlo, Cisabduano (literally "of this side of Adda River").
Western Lombard and Italian
In Italian-speaking contexts, Western Lombard is often incorrectly called a dialect of Italian. Western Lombard and Standard Italian are very different. Some speakers of Lombard varieties may have difficulty understanding each other and require a standard to communicate, but all Western Lombard varieties are mutually intelligible. Western Lombard is relatively homogeneous (much more so than Eastern Lombard language), though it does present a number of variations, mainly in relation to the vowels /o/, /ɔ/ and the development of /ts/ into /s/.
- Ethnologue report for Lombard
- Gian Battista Pellegrini, Carta dei dialetti d'Italia, Pacini, Pisa, 1977.
- Andrea Rognoni, Grammatica dei dialetti della Lombardia, Oscar Mondadori, 2005.
- AA. VV., Parlate e dialetti della Lombardia. Lessico comparato, Mondadori, Milano 2003.