Western Mexico

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  Western Mexico.

The Western Mexico (Spanish: Occidente de México) is a region of United Mexican States formed by the states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, and Michoacán, [1] and including the Revillagigedo Islands, Marías Islands, and several smaller islands. The region extends from the coastal plain of the Pacific Ocean, the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Volcanic axis, the basin of Balsas River, the Sierra Madre del Sur and the southwest of the Mexican Plateau.

Description[edit]

Pre-Columbian era[edit]

The archaeological site of Tzintzuntzan, capital of the Tarascan Empire

Early archaeologists who wrote about the Western Mexico pointed that this region was somehow connected with Mesoamerica; then, other researchers felt that the archeology of the western area belonged to the Mesoamerican studies, and finally the more recent authors argue that the area should be incorporated into a redefined Mesoamerica.[2] There is very little information about early human occupation of the area, the earliest evidence is a camp established on the basis of a volcanic mountain in the Bay of Matanchén, Nayarit,which is a likely date from 2200 to 1730 b.c.[3] Part of the area was under the dominion of the Tarascan Empire

New Kingdom of Galicia[edit]

The New Kingdom of Galicia (Spanish: Nuevo Reino de Galicia) was one of only two autonomous kingdoms in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The conquest of territory was accomplished by Nuño de Guzmán and named as Conquista del Espíritu Santo de la Mayor España (English: Conquest of the Holy Spirit of Spain Mayor). However, queen Joanna of Castile (Joanna the Mad ), mother of Charles V, did not agree with the name given to the conquered territory, and by Royal Decree, on January 25, 1531, ordered to call the conquered territory as Reino de la Nueva Galicia and was founded a city named Santiago de Galicia de Compostela as capital city.[4]

Nueva Galicia was home to many Mexican national heroes, the most important are Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, José María Morelos and Agustín de Iturbide, all born in Valladolid, now Morelia, Michoacán. It was also the birthplace of presidents José Justo Corro and Valentín Gómez Farías both born in Guadalajara, Jalisco.

States[edit]

State Official name

Estado Libre y Soberano de:

Flag Capital Largest city Area[5] Population (2010)[6] Order of admission
to Federation
Date of admission
to Federation
Colima Colima Flag of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 0056255,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 0650,129 023 1856120909-12-1856[7][8]
Jalisco Jalisco Flag of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara 07859978,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi) 07,350,355 09 1823122323-12-1823[9]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Flag of Michoacan.svg Morelia Morelia 05864358,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi) 04,348,485 05 1823122222-12-1823[9]
Nayarit Nayarit Flag of Nayarit.svg Tepic Tepic 02781527,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi) 01,084,957 028 1917012626-01-1917[10]

Major cities[edit]

Major cities of Colima
PasilloColima.png Valladolid Mexico Cathedral.jpg
Colima Manzanillo
Major cities of Jalisco
Catedral y kiosco.jpg Basilica de Zapopan atrio.jpg StreetinTequilaJAL.JPG Puerto vallarta at night.jpg
Guadalajara Zapopan Tequila Puerto Vallarta
Major cities of Michoacán
MoreliaAvMadero.JPG Alto horno Siderúrgica Lázaro Cárdenas.JPG Centro regional zam.jpg Typical Patzcuaro Street.jpg
Morelia Lázaro Cárdenas Zamora Pátzcuaro
Major cities of Nayarit
Tepic plaza.jpg Nuevo Vallarta 2.JPG San Blas (Mexico).JPG
Tepic Bahía de Banderas San Blas

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]