Western Pacific Railroad
|Western Pacific Railroad|
An EMD FP7 leads the California Zephyr east through Altamont Pass in 1970
|Locale||Western United States|
|Dates of operation||1903–1983|
|Successor||Union Pacific Railroad|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Headquarters||San Francisco, California|
The Western Pacific Railroad (reporting mark WP) was a Class I railroad in the United States. It was formed in 1903 as an attempt to break the near-monopoly the Southern Pacific Railroad had on rail service into northern California. WP's Feather River Route directly competed with SP's portion of the Overland Route for rail traffic between Salt Lake City/Ogden, Utah and Oakland, California for nearly 80 years. In 1983 the Western Pacific was acquired by the Union Pacific Railroad. The Western Pacific was one of the original operators of the California Zephyr, a passenger train discontinued in 1970.
The original Western Pacific Railroad was established in 1865 to build the westernmost portion of the Transcontinental Railroad between San Jose, California (later Oakland, California), and Sacramento, California. This company was absorbed into the Central Pacific Railroad in 1870.
Founded in 1903, the second company to use the name Western Pacific Railroad was part of the Gould family's efforts to create a transcontinental railroad in the late 19th and early 20th century.
The Western Pacific originated in 1900 as the Alameda and San Joaquin Railroad. The railroad that would become the Western Pacific was financed and built by the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, under the direction of George Jay Gould I, to provide a standard gauge track connection to the Pacific Coast. In 1909 it became the last major railroad completed into California. It used 85-lb rail on untreated ties, with no tie plates except on curves over one degree; in 1935 more than half of the main line still had its original rail, most of it having carried 150 million gross tons.
In 1931 Western Pacific opened a main line north from the Feather River Canyon to the Great Northern Railway in northern California. This route, the "Highline", joined the Oakland – Salt Lake City main line at the Keddie Wye, a unique combination of two steel trestles and a tunnel forming a triangle of intersecting track.
WP attracted rail enthusiasts from around the world. It operated the California Zephyr passenger train with the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad and the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. The WP handled the "Silver Lady" from Oakland, California, to Salt Lake City, Utah from 1949–1970. The Western Pacific owned several connecting short-line railroads. The largest was the Sacramento Northern Railway, which once reached from San Francisco to Chico, California. Others included the Tidewater Southern Railway, the Central California Traction, the Indian Valley Railroad and the Deep Creek Railroad. At the end of 1970 WP operated 1,187 miles (1,910 km) of road and 1,980 miles (3,190 km) of track, not including its Sacramento Northern and Tidewater Southern subsidiaries.
The Western Pacific was acquired in 1983 by Union Pacific Corporation, which in 1996 would purchase its long-time rival, the Southern Pacific Railroad. In July 2005 Union Pacific unveiled a brand new EMD SD70ACe locomotive, Union Pacific 1983, painted as an homage to the Western Pacific.
Innovations and improvements 
Since it competed with the entrenched and much larger Southern Pacific Railroad, the WP became a company known for its innovation and for wringing every dollar out of an investment. It was the first large railroad in the West to eliminate steam locomotives in favor of diesels, then kept some of these early diesels running in regular service long after they had been retired elsewhere. WP also rebuilt many well worn diesels (30) by sending them to Boise, Idaho rebuilder Morrison-Knudsen (M-K rebuild). It embraced computerized dispatching, concrete railroad ties and innovative equipment to protect customer shipments. The WP bought new cabooses in the 1960s to replace older wood type cabooses which they scrapped or sent to subsidiaries Sacramento Northern or Tidewater Southern. The WP also purchased new freight cars: auto parts boxcars, covered hoppers, various types of single- and double-door boxcars, bulkhead flatcars, centerbeam flatcars, and also rebuilding outmoded freight cars (such as 40-foot (12 m) open gondolas for chip-hauling and service). WP was one of the first to run solid trains of COFC (Container On Flat Car) traffic from Oakland APL American Presidents lines to points east via Union Pacific. WP had auto parts on special trains to the Ford Motor Company plant in Milpitas, California, with a connection from DRGW or UP at Salt Lake City. WP had yards in Stockton, Milpitas, Oroville, Portola, Elko, Oakland, Keddie, Winnemucca, and Salt Lake City.
Passenger operations 
While the California Zephyr was the Western Pacific's most famous and popular passenger train the railroad also operated a modest fleet of named trains. These include:
- Exposition Flyer (operated between Chicago and Oakland in conjunction with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad and Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad prior to the CZ and named after the Golden Gate International Exposition of 1939 and 1940)
- Feather River Express (between Oakland and Portola, California)
- Royal Gorge (between Oakland and St. Louis)
- Scenic Limited (between Oakland and St. Louis)
- Zephyrette (between Oakland and Salt Lake City)
- California Zephyr ( between Chicago and Oakland)
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Western Pacific Railroad|
- California Zephyr
- Central Pacific Railroad
- Southern Pacific Railroad
- Union Pacific Railroad
- Western Refrigerator Line
- Western Pacific Railroad Museum
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2009)|
- Railway Age 31 Aug 1940 p309
- Not included: Deep Creek, SN, TS
- Western Pacific Railroad Museum in Portola California
- Western Pacific Railroad Historical Society
- Livermore History – Railroads 1
- WP Subsidiary Tidewater Southern Website
- WP Subsidiary Sacramento Northern Website
- WP Subsidiary Central California Traction Website