Western Springs, Illinois
|Western Springs, Illinois|
Historic water tower
|Motto: A Village of Towering Character|
|Area||2.79 sq mi (7 km2)|
|- land||2.79 sq mi (7 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||4,650.5 / sq mi (1,796 / km2)|
|Village President||William Rodeghier|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Western Springs, Illinois|
Western Springs is a village located in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a suburb of Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the village had a total population of 12,975. It is twinned with Rugeley, United Kingdom.
In November, 2007, BusinessWeek.com listed Western Springs second in a list of the 50 best places to raise children. The rankings were based on five factors, including school test scores, cost of living, recreational and cultural activities, number of schools and risk of crime. Western Springs ranked behind Groesbeck, Ohio.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2014)|
Western Springs, an affluent suburb located along the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (now the Burlington Northern Santa Fe) between Chicago and Aurora, encompasses roughly the area between Willow Springs Road (Gilbert Avenue), Ogden Avenue, Interstate 294, and West Plainfield Road. Named for local mineral springs on the southwest side of town, Western Springs originally consisted of flat prairie land with a swamp on its western border.
Around the turn of the 18th century, nomadic Potawatomi Native Americans settled in the Western Springs area. It is unclear whether they built a village, but evidence of temporary campsites has been found near Flagg Creek in Forest Hills. The natives were gone by the end of 1835, but Potawatomi artifacts may still be found buried in the Springdale neighborhood. The last Cook County campground of the Potawatomi was within what is now the Timber Trails subdivision.
The first known settler in the area near Western Springs was Elijah Wentworth. By 1834, after the Black Hawk War, farmer Joseph Vial had moved from New York and built a cabin along what is now Plainfield Road, an ex-Native American trail in the south of Western Springs. This cabin served as a stagecoach station, hotel, general store, and post office for the entire area.
The CB&Q Railroad built a line through Western Springs in 1863, filling in much of the west-side swamp in the process. In 1870 the Western Springs Land Association, consisting of promoter Thomas Clarkson Hill, William Page, and two sons of Phillip F. W. Peck, bought the three tracts that make up the area for $105,000.
A large number of early residents were Quakers, and deeds often prohibited the sale of alcohol. In 1872 Hill moved to the area from Chicago, and the community began organizing to attract more commuters. Residents built a wooden schoolhouse (1872) and a post office (1873). Over time, with increased commuter settlement, Western Springs came to look less and less Quaker.
In 1885 the Grand Avenue School replaced the wooden schoolhouse, and the office of village marshal was created as a combination policeman, dogcatcher, and groundskeeper. In 1886 the Friend's Church (razed in 1958) was built on the corner of Walnut and Woodland. That same year Western Springs incorporated as a village by a public vote of 34 to 25. The voting townspeople elected a prominent Quaker developer, T. C. Hill, as the town's first president.
After the spring dried up in 1890, the village hired engineers Edgar and Benezette Williams to build the village waterworks system, including the famous water tower. Constructed using Naperville stone, the tower stood 112 feet (34 m) high. Replaced in 1962, it became a museum in 1970 and entered the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.
Western Springs added many improvements over the years, including a fire department (1894), electric plant (1898), telephones (1899), a park district (1923), and a library (1926). The village expanded south of 47th Street, annexing the subdivisions of Forest Hills (1927), Springdale (1955), and Ridgewood (1973). On March 21, 2005, the Village of Western Springs annexed the former Timber Trails golf course which is now being developed into a new community of single-family homes and townhomes. The property added 105.9 acres (0.429 km2) to the village.
Like many western suburbs, a number of Western Springs' older homes have been renovated or replaced with more expensive housing, upsetting a multitude of residents.
Until recently, the village has not permitted the sale of alcoholic beverages. Currently, a number of establishments sell alcohol, including Paul Virant's Vie, and Hillgrove Cellars on the corner of Wolf Road and Hillgrove Avenue.
Western Springs is located at 41°48'20" North, 87°54'4" West (41.805531, -87.901035).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 2.79 square miles (7.2 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,493 people, 4,318 households, and 3,614 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,756.7 people per square mile (1,834.1/km²). There were 4,444 housing units at an average density of 1,692.0 per square mile (652.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.32% White, 0.18% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,318 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the village the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $98,876, and the median income for a family was $108,870. In 2009, this went up to $139,758. Males had a median income of $82,580 versus $41,214 for females. The per capita income for the village was $43,699. 0.9% of the population and 0.7% of families were below the poverty line. 1.0% of those under the age of 18 and 1.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
One major highway traverses Western Springs: Ogden Avenue (U.S. Route 34) runs east-west along the northern border. U.S. 34 intersects with the Tri-State Tollway (I-294) on the western border. The main north-south street in the village is Wolf Road, designated as a Blue Star Memorial Highway.
The BNSF Railway runs through Western Springs. Daily commuter service on that line, connecting Aurora and Chicago, is provided by Metra. Freight rail traffic on the line is heavy, with BNSF operating freight trains on all three mainline routes through the village. During non-rush hours, a freight train may run along the line as frequently as once every ten minutes on average. Amtrak also runs this subdivision with passenger trains such as the Southwest Chief and the Illinois Zephyr. All told, the BNSF and Amtrak run up to 130 trains a day through Western Springs: 8 Amtrak trains in both directions, 96 Metra trains from morning to midnight, and around 25 or more freight trains. Sometimes around 145 trains can come through. An average BNSF train contains from 100 to about 125 cars, mainly consisting of coal, and intermodal trains. METRA runs anywhere from 5-11 cars per train, with the average being 6 cars.
A new train station was built in 2004-2005, and the north platform was remodeled in 2008. The new station is a virtual replica of a train station that was demolished in 1972. Passenger airline service is available at O'Hare and Midway airports, both located in Chicago. Commuter bus service is provided by Pace, the suburban bus division of the Regional Transportation Authority.
The Village of Western Springs is served by two public elementary school districts and one public high school district.
Western Springs School District 101 serves the original neighborhoods of Western Springs and is comprised four school: Field Park, Forest Hills, and Laidlaw Elementary Schools serve K-5 students and McClure Junior High serves students in grades 6-8. LaGrange Highlands School District 106 serves students from other, newer neighborhoods (e.g., Ridgewood) and operates two schools: La Grange Highlands Elementary, which serves K-5 students, and La Grange Highlands Middle School for students in grades 6-8.
All elementary and middle schools that serve Western Springs feed into Lyons Township High School District 204. Lyons Township High School has two campuses: Freshmen and Sophomores attend the South Campus in Western Springs and Juniors and Seniors attend the North Campus in LaGrange
Adventist LaGrange Memorial Hospital, operated by Adventist Health System, is a level-two trauma center. The hospital has 270 inpatient beds. A $79 million renovation and expansion of the facility was completed in early 2007. (3 miles from downtown Western Springs)
- Ridge Acres Park
- Ridgewood Park
- Laidlaw Park
- Spring Rock Park (1931)
- Springdale Park
- Forest Hills Park
- Clarke Park
- Northwest Park
- Northeast Park
- Field Park
- Timber Trails Park (2005)
- Melinda Culea, actress
- Steve Dahl, WLS-am radio personality, podcaster
- Taylor Davis (violinist)
- Jonathan Franzen, novelist
- Billy Graham, Christian evangelist
- John Hattendorf, maritime historian
- John Kass, columnist for the Chicago Tribune
- Dan Lipinski, congressman
- George Beverly Shea, gospel singer with Billy Graham; Grammy Award winner
- James "J.Y." Young, guitarist for Styx
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Western Springs village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- Newton, Diana (2007-12-06). "Deerfield great place to live". Deerfield Review. pp. 5, 12.
- Mulvaney, M. (1987). Western Springs: Then and Now Western Springs Area Branch of the American Association of University Women
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places - Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- PDF (38.8 KiB). U.S. Census Bureau. Accessed 2007-04-07.
- "6-Figure Towns". CNN. July 21, 2009.
- http://westernsprings.patch.com/articles/village-s-john-cass-tribune-columnist-packs-hinsdale-library. Retrieved May 15, 2013. Missing or empty