Western Visayas

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Region VI
Western Visayas
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Country Philippines
Island group Visayas
Regional center Iloilo City
 • Total 20,614 km2 (7,959 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 7,102,438
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-06
Provinces 6
Cities 16
Municipalities 117
Barangays 4,051
Cong. districts 16
Languages Hiligaynon, Kinaray-a, Aklanon, Cebuano, Tagalog, English

Coordinates: 10°35′N 122°35′E / 10.583°N 122.583°E / 10.583; 122.583 Western Visayas (Filipino: Kanlurang Kabisayaan; Katundanan Bisayás (Hiligaynon); Kasadpangang Bisayás (Cebuano)) is one of the regions of the Philippines, designated as Region VI. It consists of six provinces; Aklan, Antique, Negros Occidental, Capiz, Guimaras and Iloilo and 16 cities. Iloilo City is the regional center.[2]

Western Visayas is composed of six provinces and the highly urbanized cities of Bacolod and Iloilo.


The Western Visayas region was created from Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Iloilo (including its then-subprovince of Guimaras) and Negros Occidental by Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganisation Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

The Province of Palawan was transferred to Region VI (Western Visayas) on May 23, 2005 by Executive Order 429.[3] The Department of the Interior and Local Government announced in June 2005 that the transfer had been completed.[4] However, Palaweños criticized the move, citing a lack of consultation, with most residents in Puerto Princesa City and all municipalities but one preferring to stay with Region IV-B. Consequently, Administrative Order No. 129 was issued on August 19, 2005 to address this backlash. This Order directed the abeyance of Executive Order 429 pending the approval of an implementation plan for the orderly transfer of Palawan from Region IV-B to Region VI.[5] Hence, Palawan is currently still part of Region IV-B.

With the impending separation of Negros Occidental and Bacolod City to join with Negros Oriental as the Negros Island Region, the region will be known as "Panay Island Region."

Political divisions[edit]

Political map of Western Visayas
Province/City Capital Population
Pop. density
(per km²)
Aklan Kalibo 535,725 1,817.9 294.7
Antique San Jose de Buenavista 546,031 2,522.0 216.5
Capiz Roxas City 719,685 2,633.2 273.3
Guimaras Jordan 162,943 604.7 269.5
Iloilo Iloilo City 1,805,576 4,719.4 382.6
Negros Occidental Bacolod 2,396,039 7,926.1 302.3
Bacolod City[c] 511,820 161.5 3169.2
Iloilo City[c] 424,619 56.0 7582.5


  • On 23 May 2005, Executive Order 429 ordered Palawan and Puerto Princesa City transferred from Region IV-B to Region VI.[5] But on 19 August 2005, Administrative Order 129 ordered the transfer held in abeyance.[3]
  • c Bacolod and Iloilo City are highly urbanized cities; figures are excluded from Negros Occidental and Iloilo respectively.

Component cities[edit]


Population census of Western Visayas
Year Pop. ±%
1990 5,393,333 —    
2000 6,211,038 +15.2%
2010 7,102,438 +14.4%
Source: National Statistics Office[1]


The languages native to the inhabitants of Western Visayas are:

  • Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), spoken in Iloilo, Negros Occidental, Guimaras, Capiz, Antique, and Aklan.
  • Capiznon, spoken in Capiz.
  • Kinaray-a, spoken in Antique and parts of Iloilo, Capiz and Aklan.
  • Akeanon, spoken in Aklan.
  • Malaynon, spoken in Aklan.
  • Cebuano, spoken in the northern parts of Negros Occidental and the municipalities and cities that face Tañon






Proposals to re-connect again Iloilo-Roxas, Iloilo-Kalibo, Iloilo-Malay (Aklan) and Iloilo-San Jose (Antique) from the Iloilo City via rail was included in the revival of the currently defunct Panay Railways network which has a station in Santa Barbara town proper.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "History of Urban Growth of Iloilo City". Iloilo City Government. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b President of the Philippines. "Executive order No. 429". Office of the Press Secretary. 
  4. ^ "Palawan, Puerto Princesa Transfer to Region VI" (Press release). Government of the Philippines - News. 3 June 2005. 
  5. ^ a b President of the Philippines (August 19, 2005). "Administrative Order No. 129". Office of the Press Secretary. Archived from the original on 2006-07-13. 
  6. ^ http://www.census.gov.ph/sites/default/files/attachments/hsd/pressrelease/Population%20and%20Annual%20Growth%20Rates%20for%20The%20Philippines%20and%20Its%20Regions%2C%20Provinces%2C%20and%20Highly%20Urbanized%20Cities%20Based%20on%201990%2C%202000%2C%20and%202010%20Censuses.pdf
  7. ^ Salvilla, Rex S. (July 28, 2006). "Anything Under the Sun: Panay Railways". The News Today (TNT Publishing, Inc.). Retrieved June 12, 2008. 

External links[edit]