Westfield, New York

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Westfield
Town
Westfield is located in New York
Westfield
Westfield
Location of Westfield in New York
Coordinates: 42°19′N 79°35′W / 42.317°N 79.583°W / 42.317; -79.583Coordinates: 42°19′N 79°35′W / 42.317°N 79.583°W / 42.317; -79.583
Country United States
State New York
County Chautauqua
Settled 1802
Created 1823
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Martha R. Bills (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 47.3 sq mi (122.4 km2)
 • Land 47.2 sq mi (122.3 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 4,896
Website www.townofwestfield.org
Aerial view of Barcelona, New York. View is to the north over Lake Erie.

Westfield is a town in the western part Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The population was 4,896 at the 2010 census. Westfield is also the name of a village within the town.

History[edit]

The area was first settled in 1802 by James McMahan, formerly of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. McMahan established a mill near the mouth of Chautauqua Creek, where it empties into Lake Erie. The mill was later dismantled in advance of the War of 1812 to prevent it falling into the hands of the British. Today some of the millstones from McMahan's mill rest outside the Patterson Library in the Village of Westfield.

The Town of Westfield was established in 1823 from parts of the Towns of Portland and Ripley.

The Barcelona Lighthouse was constructed in 1829 to overlook Barcelona Harbor and aided sailors on Lake Erie until being deactivated in 1859. It was the first lighthouse in the world to be powered by natural gas.

In 1897, the founder of Welch's Grape Juice, Charles E. Welch, moved his company to Westfield from New Jersey to take advantage of the ideal climate for the cultivation of grapes, particularly of Concord grapes. The region soon became noted for the growing of grapes for both wine and grape juice.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.3 square miles (122.4 km²), of which, 47.2 square miles (122.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.13%) is water.

Surrounding towns or areas[edit]

(Clockwise)

Notes: Chautauqua Creek serves as much of the boundary between Westfield and Chautauqua. Westfield and Mina touch at only one point.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,232 people, 2,075 households, and 1,419 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.8 people per square mile (42.8/km²). There were 2,493 housing units at an average density of 52.8 per square mile (20.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.98% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 1.30% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population.

There were 2,075 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,534, and the median income for a family was $43,156. Males had a median income of $30,203 versus $23,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,738. About 8.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The economy of the town is primarily agriculture, and the major crop is grapes. The Welch Grape Juice Company, which has ties to this region, was founded on a method of producing the unfermented grape juice by pasteurization.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90), US 20, NY 5, and NY 394 pass through the town.

Notable people[edit]

Communities and locations in Westfield[edit]

  • Barcelona – A hamlet located by Barcelona Harbor, a harbor in Lake Erie.
  • Bournes Beach – A community at the mouth of Bournes Creek in the northeast corner of the town.
  • Camp Vernon Airport – A small airfield between I-90 and Route 5 in the northeast corner of the town.
  • Forest Park – A small community on Lake Erie southwest of Barcelona.
  • Hawthorne Park – A lakeside community near Bournes Beach.
  • Lombard – A hamlet located in the western part of the town at the crossing of Lombard, Pigeon, and Parker Roads.
  • Volusia – A hamlet near Chautauqua Creek in the eastern part of the town.
  • Westfield – A village at the junction of Route 394 and Route 20 in the northern part of the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Francis B. Brewer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Marion Dickerman". gwu.edu. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Charles G. Groat". U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "PATTERSON, George Washington, (1799 - 1879)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Robert Weathers". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Alexander Wilson". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 

External links[edit]