Studio One (CBS series)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Westinghouse Studio One)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the television series. For other uses, see Studio One.
Studio One
StudioOneScreen.jpg
Westinghouse Studio One title card
Genre Anthology drama
Written by Worthington Miner
Reginald Rose
Rod Serling
William Templeton
Joseph Liss
Mel Goldberg
Patrick Alexander
Directed by Paul Nickell
Franklin Schaffner
Presented by Art Hannes (announcer)
John Cannon (announcer)
Narrated by John Cannon
Theme music composer Vic Oliver
Opening theme "Prelude to the Stars"
Ending theme same
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 10
No. of episodes 467
Production
Producer(s) Worthington Miner
Herbert Brodkin
Running time 48–50 minutes
Production company(s) CBS Productions
Distributor CBS Television Distribution
Broadcast
Original channel CBS
Picture format Black-and-white
Audio format Monaural
Original run November 7, 1948 (1948-11-07) – September 29, 1958 (1958-09-29)

Studio One is an American radio–television anthology series, created in 1947 by Canadian director Fletcher Markle, who came to CBS from the CBC.

Radio[edit]

On April 29, 1947, Markle launched the 60-minute CBS radio series with an adaptation of Malcolm Lowry's Under the Volcano. Broadcast on Tuesdays, opposite Fibber McGee and Molly and The Bob Hope Show at 9:30 P.M., E.S.T., the radio series continued until July 27, 1948, showcasing such adaptations as Dodsworth, Pride and Prejudice, The Red Badge of Courage and Ah, Wilderness. Top performers were heard on this series, including John Garfield, Walter Huston, Mercedes McCambridge, Burgess Meredith and Robert Mitchum.

Move to television[edit]

In 1948, Markle made a quantum leap from radio to television. Sponsored by Westinghouse Electric Corporation, the television series was seen on CBS (which Westinghouse owned between 1995 and 2000), from 1948 through 1958, under several variant titles: Studio One Summer Theatre, Studio One in Hollywood, Summer Theatre, Westinghouse Studio One and Westinghouse Summer Theatre. It was telecast in black-and-white only.

Offering a wide range of dramas, Studio One received Emmy nominations every year from 1950 to 1958. The series staged some notable and memorable teleplays among its 466 episodes. Some created such an impact they were adapted into theatrical films. William Templeton's 1953 adaptation of George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, starring Eddie Albert as Winston Smith, led to the 1956 feature film version with Edmond O'Brien in the principal role. Reginald Rose's drama Twelve Angry Men, about the conflicts of jurors deciding a murder case, originated on Studio One on 20 September 1954; and the 1957 motion picture remake with Henry Fonda was nominated for three Academy Awards. Sal Mineo had the title role in the 2 January 1956 episode of Reginald Rose's Dino, and he reprised the role for the movie Dino (1957).

In 1954, "Crime at Blossoms", scripted by Jerome Ross, was given an Edgar Award for Best Episode in a TV Series. Nathaniel Hawthorne's granddaughter received a plaque in recognition of her grandfather's writing achievements, during the 3 April 1950 telecast of The Scarlet Letter.

The Night America Trembled was Studio One's 9 September 1957 top-rated TV recreation of Orson Welles' The War of the Worlds radio broadcast (30 October 1938). Alexander Scourby is seen in the foreground. Warren Beatty, in one of his earliest roles, appeared in the bit part of a card-playing college student.

The Night America Trembled[1] was Studio One's 9 September 1957 top-rated television recreation of Orson Welles' radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds on 30 October 1938. The cast included Alexander Scourby, Ed Asner and Warren Oates. James Coburn made his television debut, and John Astin appeared uncredited as a reporter. In one of his earliest acting roles, Warren Beatty appeared in the bit part of a card-playing college student.

Another notable presentation was an adaptation in 1952 of a medieval mystery play about the birth of Christ, The Nativity, based on the Chester and York Mystery Plays of the 14th and 15th centuries, reworked into Elizabethan English. With musical accompaniment by the Robert Shaw Chorale, and presented during the Christmas season of 1952, this was one of the few medieval mystery plays telecast on commercial network television. The cast included Thomas Hardie Chalmers, Miriam Wolfe, Hurd Hatfield, and Paul Tripp.[2]

During the 1953 presentation Dry Run, whole sections of a submarine were built inside the studio and the entire cast was nearly electrocuted when water that was being used for special effects got very close to power cables.[3]

The show's run ended when Westinghouse switched its sponsorship to the Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, which premiered in 1958.[4]

Worthington Miner, Martin Manulis and others produced. As spokeswoman for Westinghouse, Betty Furness became strongly identified with Westinghouse products, and she also was seen in eight Studio One dramas. The show's musical directors were Milton C. Anderson, who also created music for Playhouse 90, and Eugene Cines.

Lost episode[edit]

For years, the second half of the original TV production of Twelve Angry Men was considered lost. However, in 2003, Joseph Consentino, a researcher-producer for The History Channel, discovered a complete kinescope of the Studio One production in the home of the late New York defense attorney (and later judge) Samuel Leibowitz. Consentino was researching a History Channel documentary about Leibowitz, and the discovery was announced by the Museum of Television & Radio (now The Paley Center for Media).[5]

A third season episode of the ABC legal drama Boston Legal, "Son of the Defender", used clips from the two-part Studio One episode "The Defender" [25 February-4 March 1957], featuring William Shatner as an attorney joining his lawyer father, played by Ralph Bellamy, in the defense of a 19-year-old, played by Steve McQueen, who is accused of murder. Utilizing clips of the older show for flashbacks, the Boston Legal episode portrayed Shatner's Studio One character as a young Denny Crane trying his first case alongside his father.[6]

Many Studio One episodes are available for viewing at the Paley Center for Media in New York City and Los Angeles, and some are available through Netflix.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Result Emmy Award Category Recipient
1950 Nominated Best Kinescope Show
1951 Best Dramatic Show
1952 Won
1953 Nominated
1954
1955 Best Individual Program of the Year
Best Dramatic Show
Won Best Written Dramatic Material Reginald Rose (For "Twelve Angry Men")
Best Direction Franklin J. Schaffner (For "Twelve Angry Men")
Best Actor in a Single Performance Robert Cummings (For "Twelve Angry Men")
1956 Nominated Best Dramatic Series
Won Best Camerawork - Live Show T. Miller
1957 Nominated Best Single Performance by an Actress Nancy Kelly (For "The Pilot")
Best Single Performance by an Actor Sal Mineo (For "Dino")
1958 Best Teleplay Writing - One Hour or More Arthur Hailey (For "No Deadly Medicine")
Best Dramatic Anthology Series
Actress - Best Single Performance - Lead or Support Piper Laurie (For "The Deaf Heart")
Actor - Best Single Performance - Lead or Support Lee J. Cobb (For "No Deadly Medicine")

DVD release[edit]

In 2008, Koch Vision released the Studio One Anthology. Episodes include "1984", "The Arena", "Confessions of a Nervous Man", "Dark Possession", "The Death and Life of Larry Benson", "Dino", "Julius Caesar", "June Moon", "The Medium", "Pontius Pilate", "The Remarkable Incident at Carson Corners", "The Storm", "The Strike", "Summer Pavilion", "Twelve Angry Men" and "Wuthering Heights." The episodes contain the original Westinghouse commercials. Bonus features include the "Studio One Seminar" from the Paley Center for Media; an interview with director Paul Nickell, footage from the Archive of American Television and a featurette on the series.

Amazon.com is also issuing several made-to-order DVD's of episodes not included in the Koch Vision Anthology.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Westinghouse Studio One's "The Night America Trembled" at archive.org
  2. ^ http://www.archive.org/details/Nativity
  3. ^ The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. Ballantine Books. 2003. p. 1144. ISBN 0-345-45542-8. 
  4. ^ "Westinghouse-Desilu Playhouse". The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved 23 December 2008. 
  5. ^ Cynthia Littleton (16 April 2003). "Mt&r Finds '54 'Angry Men'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  6. ^ "Shatner, Age 26, To Appear With Shatner, Age 76". Studio Briefing. 21 March 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 

Listen to[edit]

Watch[edit]

External links[edit]