Westland (New Zealand electorate)

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Westland was a parliamentary electorate in the West Coast of New Zealand from 1866 to 1868 and 1890 to 1972. In 1972 the Tasman and West Coast electorates replaced the former Buller and Westland electorates.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1865 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives focussed its review of electorates to South Island electorates only, as the Central Otago Gold Rush had caused significant population growth, and a redistribution of the existing population. Fifteen additional South Island electorates were created, including Westland, and the number of Members of Parliament was increased by 13 to 70.[1]

In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Westland was one of eight electorates to be re-created for the 1890 election.[2]

History[edit]

The electorate was formed for the 1866 election. William Sefton Moorhouse stood in the electorate and was returned 16 March 1866 in favour of W. Shaw.[3][4]

The general election was held on 22 February 1866 in the Mount Herbert electorate, in which Moorhouse was returned unopposed.[3][5] Having been elected in two electorates, Moorhouse chose to represent Westland.[6] Moorhouse resigned on 20 February 1868.[3]

Joseph Grimmond, who had since 1887 represented the Hokitika electorate, contested the Westland electorate in the 1890 general election against Richard Seddon, with Seddon being successful.[7] In the 1893 election, Seddon was returned unopposed.[8] In the 1896 election, Seddon was again opposed by Grimmond but remained successful.[9] Seddon held the electorate until his death in 1906.[10] He was succeeded by his son Tom, who in turn represented the electorate until his defeat in the 1925 election by Labour's James O'Brien.[11]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament:[12]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Labour  

Election Winner
1866 election William Sefton Moorhouse
(Electorate abolished 1868–1890, see Westland South,
Westland North, Waimea, and Westland Boroughs)
1890 election Richard Seddon
1893 election
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1906 by-election Tom Seddon
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election James O'Brien
1925 election Tom Seddon (2nd period)
1928 election James O'Brien (2nd period)
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election
1947 by-election James Begg Kent
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election Paddy Blanchfield
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
(Electorate abolished in 1972, see West Coast and Tasman)

Election results[edit]

1896 election[edit]

General election, 1896: Westland[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Seddon 2,707 76.66
Opposition Joseph Grimmond 824 23.34
Majority 1,883 53.33
Informal votes
Registered electors 4,508
Turnout

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 36.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 54ff.
  3. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  4. ^ "Representation of Westland". West Coast Times (158). 21 March 1866. p. 3. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "Election Intelligence". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle XXV (26). 1 March 1866. p. 3. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 267.
  7. ^ "Westland". Clutha Leader XVII (856). 12 December 1890. p. 6. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  8. ^ The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Electoral District of Westland". West Coast Times (10438). 17 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 233.
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 223, 233.
  12. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 277.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.