Westmalle Brewery

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Westmalle Brewery
Industry Trappist brewery
Founded 1836
Headquarters Westmalle, Belgium
Products Beer and Cheese
Production output 120,000 hL (2004)
Owners Trappist Abbey of Westmalle
Employees 22 monks, 40 secular workers

Westmalle Brewery (Brouwerij der Trappisten van Westmalle) is a Belgian trappist brewery located in the Trappist Abbey of Westmalle. It produces three beers, which are designated trappist beer because they follow the rules of the International Trappist Association. The brand Westmalle Tripel has been much copied, and is credited with being the first golden strong pale ale to use the term Tripel.[1]

History[edit]

The Trappist abbey in Westmalle (officially called Abdij Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van het Heilig Hart van Jezus) was founded 6 June 1794, but the community was not elevated to the rank of Trappist abbey until 22 April 1836. Martinus Dom, the first abbot, decided the abbey would brew its own beer, and the first beer was brewed on 1 August 1836 and first imbibed on 10 December 1836. The pioneer brewers were Father Bonaventura Hermans and Albericus Kemps. The first beer was described as light in alcohol and rather sweet.[2] By 1856, the monks had added a second beer: the first strong brown beer. This brown beer is today considered the first double (dubbel, in Dutch). The current Dubbel is derived from a recipe first brewed in 1926. Local sales began in 1856 and the oldest registered sale was on 1 January 1861. The brewery was enlarged and rebuilt in 1865 based on the example set by the Trappists of Forges (nearby Chimay). Father Ignatius van Ham joined the brewer team. Further commercialisation and sales to traders commenced in 1921. In 1933 a complete new brewery was built and in 1934, the brewery brewed a strong pale ale of 9.5% abv giving it the name Tripel - the first modern use of the name.[citation needed] The brewery was remodeled in 1991. It currently has a bottling capacity of 45,000 bottles per hour, and yearly output of 120,000 hL (in 2004).

The majority of the workers in the brewery are no longer monks, but secular staff brought in from outside. There are 22 monks and 40 outside staff.[3]

Products[edit]

Westmalle Trappist Beer glass

The brewery produces three beers. Westmalle Dubbel is a 7% abv Dubbel. Westmalle Tripel is a 9.5% abv tripel, was first brewed in 1934 and the recipe has not changed since 1956. It is made with pale candy sugar and has a very pale colour produced from a mash of light pilsener malts. Styrian Goldings hops are used along with some German varieties and the classic Saaz pilsener hop. After a long secondary fermentation Westmalle Tripel is bottled with a dose of sugar and yeast. Westmalle Extra is a 5% abv beer with limited availability, i.e. a patersbier.[4][5] It has been speculated that Westmalle's choice of three types of beers was based on the Holy Trinity.[6]

The abbey also produces milk and cheese.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter - Down on your knees to bless monks' top ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  2. ^ Jef van den Steen, Trappist - Het Bier en de Monniken ISBN 90-5826-214-6
  3. ^ Rubin, Josh (25 March 2009). "Even secular brewers produce tasty Belgian triple". Toronto: www.thestar.com. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  4. ^ "Image". brouwketel.nl. Retrieved 26 September 2010. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Brouwerij der Trappisten van Westmalle". ratebeer.com. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  6. ^ Geert van Lierde et al., In het Spoor van de Trappisten ISBN 90-261-0704-8

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jan B. Van Damme o.c.r., Cistercienzers of Trappisten te Westmalle, Westmalle, 1974
  • Jan B. Van Damme o.c.r., Geschiedenis van de Trappistenabdij te Westmalle (1794–1956), Westmalle, 1977
  • J. Van Remoortere, Ippa's Abdijengids voor Belgie, Lanno, 1990

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°17′08″N 4°39′28″E / 51.28556°N 4.65778°E / 51.28556; 4.65778