Westmorland (electoral district)

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Westmorland was a federal electoral district in New Brunswick, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1968.

It was created by the British North America Act of 1867, and was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed into Westmorland—Kent and Moncton ridings.

It consisted of the County of Westmorland.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding elected the following Members of Parliament:

  1. Sir Albert J. Smith, Liberal (1867–1882)
  2. Josiah Wood, Conservative (1882–1895)
  3. Henry A. Powell, Liberal-Conservative (1895–1900)
  4. Henry R. Emmerson, Liberal (1900–1914)
  5. Arthur Bliss Copp, Liberal (1915–1925)
  6. Otto Baird Price, Conservative (1925–1935)
  7. Henry Read Emmerson, Liberal (1935–1949)
  8. Edmund William George, Liberal (1949–1953)
  9. Henry Murphy, Liberal (1953–1958)
  10. William L.M. Creaghan, Progressive Conservative (1958–1962)
  11. Sherwood Rideout, Liberal (1962–1964)
  12. Margaret Rideout, Liberal (1964–1968)

Electoral history[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Albert J. Smith 2,207 82.9
     Unknown J.J.D. Landry 454 17.1
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Albert J. Smith acclaimed

By-election: on Mr. Smith being appointed Minister of Marine and Fisheries:

By-election on 7 November 1873
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal Albert J. Smith acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Albert J. Smith acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Albert J. Smith 2,572 57.2
     Unknown R.A. Chapman 1,928 42.8
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Conservative Josiah Wood 2,620 54.5 +11.7
     Liberal Albert J. Smith 2,188 45.5 -11.7
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Conservative Josiah Wood 3,252 54.5 n/c
     Liberal Henry R. Emmerson 2,710 45.5 n/c
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Conservative Josiah Wood 4,205 67.2 +12.7
     Liberal William F. George 2,057 32.8 -12.7

By-election: on Mr. Wood being called to the Senate:

By-election on 5 August 1895
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal-Conservative Henry A. Powell acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal-Conservative Henry A. Powell 3,442 50.1 -17.1
     Liberal C.N. Robinson 3,427 49.9 +17.1
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry R. Emmerson 4,420 52.9 +3.0
     Conservative Henry A. Powell 3,934 47.1 -3.0

By-election: on Mr. Emmerson being appointed Minister of Railways and Canals:

By-election on 30 January 1904
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal Henry R. Emmerson acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry R. Emmerson 4,693 55.6 +2.7
     Conservative Henry A. Powell 3,747 44.4 -2.7
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry R. Emmerson 5,047 58.0 +2.4
     Conservative Frederick William Sumner 3,662 42.0 -2.4
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry R. Emmerson 4,452 50.4 -7.6
     Unknown Medley Godfrey Siddall 4,388 49.6 +7.6

By-election: on Mr. Emmerson's death:

By-election on 1 February 1915
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Opposition Arthur Bliss Copp 6,645 57.2 +6.8
     Government Otto Baird Price 4,982 42.8 -6.8
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp 12,646 61.4 +4.2
     Conservative Otto Baird Price 4,884 23.7 -19.1
     Progressive Albert Ernest Trites 3,059 14.9 *

By-election: on Mr. Copp's appointment as Secretary of State of Canada:

By-election on 19 January 1922
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Conservative Otto Baird Price 11,806 60.3 +36.6
     Liberal Ernest Albert Smith 7,780 39.7 -21.7
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Conservative Otto Baird Price 10,737 51.3 -9.0
     Liberal Henry Read Emmerson 10,204 48.7 +9.0
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Conservative Otto Baird Price 13,304 55.1 +3.8
     Liberal Henry Read Emmerson 10,836 44.9 -3.8
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry Read Emmerson 16,307 62.8 +17.9
     Conservative Otto Baird Price 6,342 24.4 -30.7
     Reconstruction Charles Younger-Lewis 3,312 12.8 *
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry Read Emmerson 16,431 61.6 -1.2
     National Government William Emmet McMonagle 10,259 38.4 +14.0
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry Read Emmerson 17,251 53.0 -8.6
     Progressive Conservative William Alfred Walker 11,612 35.7 -2.7
     Co-operative Commonwealth Claude Pearson Milton 3,707 11.4 *
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Edmund William George 20,649 57.3 +4.3
     Progressive Conservative John Edward Murphy 11,696 32.4 -3.3
     Co-operative Commonwealth William Robert Rogers 3,702 10.3 -1.1
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry Murphy 20,160 54.4 -2.9
     Progressive Conservative William Gerald Stewart 14,788 39.9 +7.5
     Co-operative Commonwealth Claude Pearson Milton 2,099 5.7 -4.6
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Henry Murphy 19,873 50.7 -3.7
     Progressive Conservative William Creaghan 16,478 42.0 +3.1
     Social Credit Silas Taylor 1,476 3.8 *
     Co-operative Commonwealth Edward McAllister 1,373 3.5 -2.2
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Progressive Conservative William Creaghan 20,149 48.3 +6.3
     Liberal Henry Murphy 18,597 44.5 -6.2
     Co-operative Commonwealth Edward McAllister 2,478 5.9 +2.4
     Social Credit Silas Taylor 522 1.3 -2.5
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Sherwood Rideout 18,334 42.8 -1.7
     Progressive Conservative William Creaghan 17,818 41.6 -6.7
     New Democratic Party Edward McAllister 5,848 13.7 +7.8
     Social Credit John Bampton 836 2.0 +0.7
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Sherwood Rideout 19,989 48.1 +5.3
     Progressive Conservative Jean-Paul LeBlanc 16,356 39.4 -2.2
     New Democratic Party Edward McAllister 4,415 10.6 -3.1
     Social Credit John Bampton 771 1.9 -0.1

By-election: on Mr. Rideout's death:

By-election on 9 November 1964
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal Margaret Rideout 20,401 55.0 +6.9
     Progressive Conservative Edward Murphy 14,090 38.0 -1.4
     New Democratic Party Henry Landry 2,615 7.0 -3.6
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
     Liberal Margaret Rideout 20,768 49.7 -5.3
     Progressive Conservative R.F. Robinson 15,090 36.1 -1.9
     New Democratic Party John Dimick 5,943 14.2 +7.2

See also[edit]

External links[edit]