Weston-super-Mare (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Weston-super-Mare in Avon.
Location of Avon within England.
|Electorate||78,778 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||John Penrose (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||North Somerset|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
The by-election of 1934 was triggered by the acceptance of the appointment of Lord Erskine to the position of Governor of Madras Presidency, that of 1958 by the death of Ian Orr-Ewing and that of 1969 by the death of David Webster following an accident.
- Political history
The seat has alternated in representation between 1992 and 2005: in the election of 1997 the fresh Conservative candidate, Margaret Daly failed to hold the seat which led to Weston Super Mare's first marginal majority since 1923, obtained by Brian Cotter, a Liberal Democrat. Since this date all of the majorities have been lower than 3,000 votes, remaining strongly marginal and seeing in 2005 Cotter lose the seat to John Penrose.
- Jerry Wiggin was a Minister for the Armed Services from 1981–1983.
- Brian Cotter was the Liberal Democrat Small Business Spokesman (1997–2005),
- John Penrose was appointed the Minister for Tourism and Heritage (2010–2012).
The seat has electoral wards:
- Banwell and Winscombe, Blagdon and Churchill, Congresbury, Hutton and Locking, Kewstoke, and Weston super Mare: Central, Clarence and Uphill, East, Milton and Old Worle, North Worle, South, South Worle and West wards in North Somerset.
History of boundaries
- Changes for 1950
Under the first periodic review the Weston constituency lost Portishead, Gordano, Nailsea, Backwell and Long Ashton wards/areas to North Somerset constituency.
- Changes for 1983
Under the third periodic review the Weston constituency lost Berrow, Brent Knoll, Axbridge, Cheddar, and Mark and Wedmore wards to Wells, and Clevedon to Woodspring which temporarily took the place of North Somerset until 2010.
- Changes for 1997
Under the fourth periodic review the Weston constituency lost Yatton and Wrington to Woodspring.
- Changes for 2010
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies by making slight changes to this constituency for the 2010 general election, namely the loss of only 181 electors in Butcombe (in the ward of Wrington, no longer in the seat at all) to North Somerset.
The town grew as a relatively late-Victorian affluent resort with many green spaces and gardens south of the headland, Sand Point which denotes the sandier beach of the town and of Burnham on Sea relative to northerly shores such as at Clevedon.
Work in tourism and visitor attractions is seasonal but other areas of the economy locally, such as customer services operations, freight, haulage and distribution, social, care, elderly and health services as well as retail, manufacturing and materials/foods processing provide employment. Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 3.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Weston-super-Mare|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Bell||20,665||39.2||+3.1|
|English Democrats||John Peverelle||275||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Weston-super-Mare|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Cotter||17,725||36.1||−3.4|
|Demanding Honesty in Politics and Whitehall||Paul Hemingway-Arnold||187||0.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+2.5|
|General Election 2001: Weston-super-Mare|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Cotter||18,424||39.5||-0.6|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-0.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Weston-super-Mare|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Cotter||21,407||40.1|
|Conservative||Mrs. Margaret Daly||20,133||37.7|
|Referendum Party||Tom Sewell||2,280||4.3|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1992: Weston-super-Mare|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Cotter||24,680||39.3||+3.7|
|Labour||David E. Murray||6,913||11.0||−0.4|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Weston-super-Mare|
|Social Democrat||John Crockford-Hawley||20,549||35.6|
|General Election 1983: Weston-super-Mare|
|Social Democrat||Jonathan Marks||18,457||35.4|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Weston-super-Mare|
|General Election October 1974: Weston-super-Mare|
|United Democratic||Eric Iszatt||296||0.5|
|General Election February 1974: Weston-super-Mare|
|General Election 1970: Weston-super-Mare|
Elections in the 1960s
|Weston-super-Mare by-election 27th March 1969|
|General Election 1966: Weston-super-Mare|
|General Election 1964: Weston-super-Mare|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Weston-super-Mare|
|Weston-super-Mare by-election 12th June 1958|
|General Election 1955: Weston-super-Mare|
|Conservative||Sir Ian Orr-Ewing||27,357||62.7|
|General Election 1951: Weston-super-Mare|
|General Election 1950: Weston-super-Mare|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Weston-super-Mare|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Weston-super-Mare|
|Liberal||Henry Folliott Scott-Stokes||7,883||18.7|
|Weston-super-Mare by-election June 1934|
|Liberal||Henry Folliott Scott-Stokes||7,551||21.9|
|General Election 1931: Weston-super-Mare|
|Conservative||John Erskine, Lord Erskine||35,255||85.7|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Weston-super-Mare|
|Conservative||Lord John Erskine||22,898||52.2|
|Liberal||William Ewart Morse||16,219||37.0|
|Labour||Mrs. Constance Elizabeth Borrett||4,766||10.9|
|General Election 1924: Weston-super-Mare|
|Conservative||Lord John Erskine||17,987||55.8|
|Liberal||Frank Edric Joseph Murrell||12,895||40.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election 1923: Weston-super-Mare
|Liberal||Frank Edric Joseph Murrell||15,223||51.5|
|Conservative||Lord John Erskine||14,318||48.5|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1922: Weston-super-Mare|
|Conservative||Lord John Erskine||15,552||55.1|
|Liberal||Frank Edric Joseph Murrell||12,674||44.9|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 1918: Weston-super-Mare|
|Coalition Conservative||Sir Gilbert Wills||13,494||65.5|
|Coalition Conservative hold||Swing|
- Constituency created 1918 from parts of Wells and North Somerset constituencies.
The constituency comprised the Urban Districts of Weston-super-Mare, Clevedon and Portishead, and the Rural Districts of Axbridge and Long Ashton.
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Heir to the Earl of Mar, however predeceased his father. This title has a subsidiary title gained by one of the clan's forebears, remaining as a courtesy title, Lord Erskine, which attaches to its current holder's eldest son.
- "Electorate Figures — Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Weston-super-Mare 1918–". Hansard. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- Turner, Graham (20 April 2010). "Election of a Member of Parliament, Weston-super-Mare Constituency" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer, North Somerset Council. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Weston-Super-Mare". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Stephen, Miss Jessie 8SUF/B/157". The National Archives. 1 July 1977. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- Michael Kinnear, The British Voter (London: BH Batsford, Ltd, 1968)
- Henry Pelling, Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910 (London: Macmillan, 1967)
- Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)