Westover, Arlington, Virginia
|Westover, Arlington, Virginia|
|Country||United States of America|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Westover is a neighborhood in Arlington, Virginia on the National Register of Historic Places centered on Washington Boulevard between North McKinley Road and North Longfellow Street. A true model of mid-century Urbanism, Westover remains a pedestrian friendly neighborhood which sees its residents walk to shops, work, and public transportation. The neighborhood is between the Ballston Station and the East Falls Church Stations, both part of the Washington DC Metro and is serviced by many Metro Buses.
During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the area that was to become Westover was agricultural in nature, not unlike much of what is now Arlington County at the time. In the mid-nineteenth century, the property was owned by Nicholas Febrey, a civic leader in Arlington and one of the largest landholders in the area.
In the 1890s, small communities began to develop along newly established electric railways which serviced the area, as real estate developers began subdividing the land. One such community was Fostoria, developed by the Fostoria Land and Development Company in 1890, which took advantage of the Washington, Arlington, and Falls Church Electric Railway. The railroad provided passenger service from Rosslyn to East Falls Church and ran along Four Mile Run. By 1907, the neighborhood was known as Highland Park - the earliest houses constructed in the Westover area are located within this community.
A measure of the development in the area at the time, the Walter Reed Elementary School was constructed in 1938 on McKinley Road, originally a section of Febrey farmland. Though Westover had seen significant development over the previous half century, in 1938, when the school was constructed, the area was still largely undeveloped. By that time, most of Westover was owned primarily by Ashton C. Jones and his wife, Margaret Rucker. Jones deeded the land to the local development company, Mace Properties, Inc., which was owned by Miles A. Mace. In turn, Mace Properties developed the majority of the buildings located in the Westover Historic District between 1939 and 1948.
Following the principles set forth by the FHA and responding to the need for affordable housing, Mace developed several neighborhoods in Arlington County in the early twentieth century which provided economical housing to the growing population. Mace, who lived in Arlington County, was a real estate broker. He was just twenty-six years old when he began to play a role in developing the community of Over-Lee Knolls—adjacent to Westover to the northwest and today considered part of greater Westover. The Over-Lee Knolls neighborhood was advertised in 1926 as "Virginia's Ideal Suburb" which emphasized value and quality construction.
In October 1938, Arlington County approved the rezoning of 120 acres (0.49 km2), which allowed Mace Properties to construct large multi-family apartment buildings. In April 1939, Mace Properties announced that it had received FHA approval for low-cost multi-family rental housing. The first of these constructed was a of 152 unit garden-style apartment building which cost Mace a total cost of $600,000 to build. In 1940, the FHA-backed Westover Hills project was announced. Westover Hills was hailed as the "most ambitious building program in Mace Properties' [sic] history." The dwellings, including single-family houses, twin houses, and garden apartments, were designed by Thelander and Washington, D.C. architect Harry E. Ormston.
During 1940, the Westover Shopping Center was constructed—a 13-store retail center along Washington Boulevard between Longfellow and McKinley Streets. The shopping center initially included a Safeway grocery store, a "five and dime" store, and a pharmacy. In 1958, county planners noted that the center's "retail sales per store [were] higher... than in any of the five nearby competing neighborhood or community centers." However, by the late seventies, the center's physical condition and sales had declined. In 1978, the Arlington County Board allocated $50,000 in business and neighborhood conservation funds to supplement $250,000 worth of exterior renovation work planned by the center's owners.
Today, Westover is a residential suburban community and its overall character remains predominately unchanged. The shopping center continues to provide a mix of retail offerings to the community. Residences in the neighborhood are still composed mostly of modest, pre-World War II single family homes and garden style apartment complexes such as the Westover Apartments. Like those in most older suburban neighborhoods, the dwellings in Westover have been adapted to fit modern-day needs and growing families. In many instances, porches have been enclosed and/or enlarged for additional bathrooms.
Westover has access to many modes of transportation, both public and private. Approximately 22% of people within Westover's Zip Code (22205) use transit other than a private vehicle to get to work
The central artery in Westover is Washington Boulevard which serves as a commercial focal point as well as a regional connector.
Westover is situated between exit's 69 and 71 on Interstate 66.
Also close by is the East Falls Church Metro Station, part of the Washington DC Metro's Orange Line. The community is served by MetroBus, via the 2A, 2B, 2C, and 2G lines which run down Washington Boulevard. The Art Bus line 52, an Arlington-provided bus system, also passes through the community, though it does not travel through what many consider to be central Westover - Washington Boulevard between North Mckinley and Longfellow Streets.
The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad and Custis multi use trails also pass through Southern Westover, connecting the community to Falls Church to the West and The Rosslyn-Ballston corridor and Washington, D.C. to the East.
The Reed School
Westover is home to the Walter Reed School, which reopened in October 2009 after significant renovations.
The Walter Reed Elementary School was built in 1938 by contractor T. Calvin Owens on what was farmland at the time. In 1950, the school was expanded and altered. A new 8 classroom wing and mechanical room were added to the rear of the building, while lower level rooms were converted to a library, teachers room, clinic and conference room. To cope with further population growth, in 1966 an octagonal classroom building was constructed.
On May 9, 2008, a Groundbreaking Ceremony was held at the Reed School site for the $21.6M Reed School/Westover Library project. The project included tearing down the entire building, with the exception of the original 1938 shell, and rebuilding into a 61,000-square-foot (5,700 m2) building which houses the new Westover Branch Library and Arlington Public School programs. The library reopened on October 31, 2009, having been relocated from its former location approximately one block northeast.
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By the 1980s the Reed School building was entirely unsuited for use as an elementary school according to modern standards. Not only did it contain large amounts of asbestos and lead paint, it also was extremely difficult to heat and cool and was plagued by problems with mold and excessive humidity. It also was not and could not be made ADA compliant. Due to the physical problems in the building, declining enrollment, and the view of then-school superintendent Charles M. Nunley the school ceased functioning as a traditional educational facility in 1984. The closing occurred in spite of a County funded study which predicted that within 20 years, Reed would be desperately needed to meet the needs of the projected population. True to prediction, the elementary schools that absorbed Reed's student population (McKinley and Tuckahoe elementary schools) are currently (as of SY 2007) the most overcrowded in county. Reed school was the last "walking school" in Arlington, with 90% of the student body walking to school. After it closed, 100% of those students living in former Walter Reed districts were required to ride buses to their redistricted schools.
The Reed Building continues to be used as a polling place and community meeting place.
Swanson Middle School
Swanson Middle School is located at the intersection Patrick Henry Drive and Washington Boulevard in Westover. Swanson is the oldest continuously operating junior high in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Originally a 7-9th grade school, it currently serves 6-8th grade students.
Swanson Junior High School, built by contractor E. A. Pessagnolo for a cost of $200,941, opened in 1939 on land formerly occupied by the A. Duke Torreyson family farm. In 1955, a large addition off the North side was constructed to add classroom space. In 1963 and 1968, the central courtyard of the original design was filled in via two additions which accommodated a gymnasium, classrooms, a library, and mechanical rooms.
In 1958, Swanson was the focus of a racial desegregation controversy when it came under court order to admit an African American student. The student was "one of seven [plaintiffs] who can attempt to enter white schools under a court order." State officials threatened to shut the school down in the fall to avoid the desegregation. Ultimately, integration did not actually take place until 1959, when several African American students were admitted to Stratford Junior High School.
Westover Village, as it is sometimes called, is home to many Arlington institutions:
The Lost Dog Cafe, is a pizza and sandwich shop which was established in 1985. Originally a carry out place with limited seating, the owners took over adjacent space in the late 1990s and opened a sit down restaurant. It expanded again in 2009. The Lost Dog Cafe is also affiliated with the Lost Dog and Cat Rescue Foundation which was established in 2001. The Lost Dog and Cat Rescue Foundation places an average of 1500 animals annually into permanent homes. It also has another restaurant in the same block called Stray Cat Cafe.
Westover Shopping Center
The Westover Shopping Center along Washington Boulevard is anchored on the Western end by the Preston King Post Office. Moving Eastward is small a family-owned and run grocery store, Westover Market. Westover Market's "Great Wall of Beer" is known throughout the Washington Metropolitan area for its selection of over 550 varieties of beer.
J.W.Ayers Variety & Hardware is a family-owned and operated independent hardware, housewares and notions store which opened in 1947. It specializes in keeping in stock items needed in the maintenance of older homes in the area. Further East is Toby's Homemade Ice Cream & Coffee, an ice cream and coffee shop featuring ice cream made on the premises, locally roasted gourmet coffee and a well-used community bulletin board. The Toby's location housed the Westover Bakery for many years, before closing down in the early 1990s. Pete's Barber Shop, located next door, opened around 1982 and has been a mainstay for 30 years, with Greek-born Pete seen cutting hair daily through the shop window.
- C.B. Rose, Jr., Arlington Virginia, A History (Arlington, Virginia: Arlington Historical Society, 1976)
- Map of Alexandria County, Virginia for the Virginia Title Co., 1900
- G.M. Hopkins' Atlas of Fifteen Miles Around Washington, D.C., 1878. Nan Netherton, Donald Sweig, Janice Artemel, Patricia Hickin, and Patrick Reed, Fairfax County, Virginia: A History, commemorative ed. (Fairfax County, Virginia: Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, 1991)
- "New School Dedicated at Highland Park," The Washington Post, 19 November 1938
- Ames and McClelland, "Historic Residential Suburbs"
- According to the 1930 United States Census, Mace lived on Glebe Road with his wife, father, mother, and mother-in-law
- The Washington Post, 10 October 1926
- "Arlington Zone Changed for Big Apartments," The Washington Post, 30 October 1938.
- "Westover Hills New Arlington Home Project," The Washington Post, 16 June 1940
- The Arlington Journal, February 2, 1978
- Arlington Sun February 7, 1941
- Advance Planning Section of the Arlington County Office of Planning, A Study of the Westover Shopping Center, April 1958
- The Arlington News, February 16, 1978
- Lois Snyderman and the Couture/Denig Paternship, 18 Early-Mid Twentieth Century School Buildings Arlington Virginia, December 1991, pp 325-348
- "Arlington County Newsroom". Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- Arlington County School Board Minutes, Book #2, July 1932-October 1941, p. 341
- Lois Snyderman and the Couture/Denig Paternship, 18 Early-Mid Twentieth Century School Buildings Arlington Virginia, December 1991, pp. 382-398
- "Ike-Almond Conference on Virginia Schools", Washington Post, August 7, 1958.