Westwood, New Jersey
|Westwood, New Jersey|
|— Borough —|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 8, 1894|
|• Mayor||John Birkner, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Total||2.314 sq mi (5.992 km2)|
|• Land||2.266 sq mi (5.868 km2)|
|• Water||0.048 sq mi (0.124 km2) 2.07%|
|Area rank||387th of 566 in state
42nd of 70 in county
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||224th of 566 in state
33rd of 70 in county
|• Density||4,814.5/sq mi (1,858.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||115th of 566 in state
29th of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07675, 07677|
|GNIS feature ID||0885442|
Westwood (nicknamed "The Hub of the Pascack Valley") is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 10,908, reflecting a decline of 91 (-0.8%) from the 10,999 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 553 (+5.3%) from the 10,446 counted in the 1990 Census.
Westwood was officially incorporated as a borough on May 8, 1894, from portions of Washington Township, early during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County. Isaac D. Bogert served as the first mayor of the Borough. In April 1909, Westwood was enlarged through the annexation of the "Old Hook" section of the borough of Emerson, and on September 24, 1957, portions of the borough were exchanged with Emerson.
Westwood is located at United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.314 square miles (5.992 km2), of which, 2.266 square miles (5.868 km2) of it is land and 0.048 square miles (0.124 km2) of it (2.07%) is water.(40.989032,-74.031872). According to the
The earliest history of Westwood begins with the Lenni-Lenape Native Americans who inhabited this part of the state and shared it with the transient hunters and trappers until the permanent settlers began to enter in mid-18th century. In the early 19th century, the area that would later become Westwood was within the larger political boundaries of Harrington Township, which had been established by royal charter in 1775. In 1840, the western half of Harrington Township became Washington Township, with the Hackensack River as the dividing line. Washington Township was an agrarian region with isolated farmsteads. Early families, including the Hoppers and Ackermans, are buried at the Old Hook Cemetery. An 18th century mill was situated at the dammed stream near the intersection of today’s Mill Street and First Avenue. This mill was on an important east west pathway and was the first on Musquapsink Brook. After operating for close to two centuries, it was almost completely ruined by an arsonist’s fire and had to be dismantled in 1910.
A brief description of Washington Township written in 1844 described it as a township "with six stores, four schools for 135 students, six grist mills, and 14 saw mills."
The first wave of concentrated development took place as the result of the coming of the Hackensack and New York Railroad in 1870, which followed the route of today's Pascack Valley Line. On March 5, 1870, service began between Westwood and New York City (via Jersey City and a ferry ride). Several small hotels were built near the depot, and in 1872 several houses in the latest European-influenced styles began to be built along Centre Avenue. Old maps show that growth occurred simultaneously on the land both to the east and west of the tracks. The commercial buildings included lumber and coal sheds, stores, and a bakery. There was a chapel on the corner of Third and Park avenues. The triangular park that has played an important role as a place of community gatherings is also shown on the 1876 map.
By the 1880s, Westwood had four factories, several distilleries, a new school, a laundry and grocery store, and a new Reformed Church. In 1890, following a meeting of interested residents, those favoring the incorporation of Westwood as an independent borough conducted a petition drive. By 1894, Washington Township lost one of its villages as Westwood established itself as an independent borough. Isaac D. Bogert, from a long established Bogert family, was elected mayor.
Any settlement needs water, and by 1899, a water plant built by Cornelius S. DeBraun provided service to an expanding number of houses that were constructed along newly laid streets. By the time of the 1905 New Jersey Census, there were 234 dwellings housing a population of 1,044.
Lincoln High School was constructed around the turn of the 20th century, which also saw the introduction of electricity, telephones, and automobiles to the town. Underwood & Underwood Stereoscope Company opened a plant during the first decades of the 20th century, and many congregations established their first chapels, which were replaced in later years as the congregations grew in numbers and wealth. Following a typical pattern of development throughout the 20th century, the results are a mature railroad suburb almost covered with housing units, commercial, municipal, and ecclesiastical buildings. The town still retains the open space of the triangular park at its heart.
1900-1990 2000 2010
2010 Census 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,908 people, 4,438 households, and 2,858 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,814.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,858.9 /km2). There were 4,636 housing units at an average density of 2,046.2 per square mile (790.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 82.98% (9,052) White, 4.62% (504) Black or African American, 0.31% (34) Native American, 7.38% (805) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 2.77% (302) from other races, and 1.93% (211) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.58% (1,263) of the population.
There were 4,438 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the borough the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $79,133 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,195) and the median family income was $107,966 (+/- $10,189). Males had a median income of $70,598 (+/- $14,566) versus $52,721 (+/- $10,753) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,839 (+/- $2,990). About 1.8% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
2000 Census 
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 10,999 people, 4,485 households, and 2,879 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,745.0 people per square mile (1,830.5/km2). There were 4,610 housing units at an average density of 1,988.8 per square mile (767.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 86.60% White, 5.72% African American, 0.14% Native American, 4.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.00% of the population.
There were 4,485 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the borough the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $59,868, and the median income for a family was $77,105. Males had a median income of $50,800 versus $42,459 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,083. About 1.8% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
Local government 
Westwood is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a mayor directly elected by the voters and a six-member Borough Council. The Mayor serves a four-year term of office, and the Borough Council members serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.
As of 2012[update], the Mayor of Westwood is John Birkner, Jr. (D, term ends December 31, 2015). Members of the Westwood Borough Council are Council President Cynthia L. Waneck (R, 2014), Peter A. Grefrath (R, 2012), Robert W. Miller (R, 2013), William C. Phayre (R, 2012), Ingrid H. Quinn (R, 2013) and John J. Sciara (R, 2014).
Federal, state and county representation 
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 39th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Gerald Cardinale (R, Demarest) and in the General Assembly by Holly Schepisi (R, River Vale) and Bob Schroeder (R, Washington Township, Bergen County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. As of 2013[update], Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn), Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee), Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2013; River Edge), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2013; Franklin Lakes), John D. Mitchell (R, 2013; Cliffside Park), Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are Sheriff Michael Saudino (R), Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill) and County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale).
As of Election Day, November 4, 2008, there were 6,458 registered voters. Of registered voters, 1,764 (27.3% of all registered voters) were registered as Democrats, 1,948 (30.2%) were registered as Republicans and 2,746 (42.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.9% of the vote here (2,728 ballots cast), outpolling Republican John McCain, who received 47.0% of the vote (2,473 votes), with 81.7% of registered voters participating. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 51.4% of the vote here (2,795 ballots), ahead of Democrat John Kerry, who received 47.4% (2,576), with 5,436 of 6,837 registered voters participating, for a turnout percentage of 79.5%.
Students in public school for grades Kindergarten through 12 attend the Westwood Regional School District, a comprehensive regional school district serving both Washington Township and Westwood that is the county's only regional K-12 district. Schools in the district (with 2009-10 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are four K-5 elementary schools — Berkeley Avenue Elementary School (250 students), Jessie F. George Elementary School (292), Washington Elementary School (257) and Brookside Elementary School (had 418 in grades 5&6 prior to the realignment) — Westwood Regional Middle School for grades 7 and 8 (which had 314 students in grades K-4 as Ketler Elementary School) and Westwood Regional High School for grades 8-12 (which had 1,179 students in grades 7-12). As of the 2010-11 school year, Ketler Elementary School, which had served K-4, was shifted to become Westwood Regional Middle School for grades 6 and 7, while the other elementary schools would all serve K through 5, and the high school was shifted to grades 8-12 (from 7-12).
Westwood is also home to The Healing Hands Institute for Massage Therapy.
Westwood is served by New Jersey Transit on the Pascack Valley Line at the Westwood train station, located at Broadway and Westwood Avenue. The line runs north-south to Hoboken Terminal with connections via the Secaucus Junction transfer station to New York Penn Station and to other NJ Transit rail service. Connections are available at Hoboken Terminal to other New Jersey Transit rail lines, the PATH train at the Hoboken PATH station, New York Waterways ferry service to the World Financial Center and other destinations and Hudson-Bergen Light Rail service.
Notable people 
- F. Herbert Bormann (1922-2012) Helped discover Acid rain.
- Rob Delaney (born 1984), Major League Baseball pitcher who has played for the Minnesota Twins and Tampa Bay Rays.
- James Gandolfini (born 1961), actor known for playing Tony Soprano on HBO's The Sopranos.
- Robert Sean Leonard (born 1969), actor best known for his roles in House and Dead Poets Society.
- James O'Keefe (born 1984), activist-filmmaker who targeted ACORN.
- Elizabeth Randall, Bergen County Clerk.
- Kevin Sampson (born 1981), tackle for the Kansas City Chiefs
Points of interest 
- Pascack Valley Hospital (PVH), a 291-bed hospital located at 250 Old Hook Road, filed for bankruptcy on September 24, 2007, and shut down on November 21, 2007. On October 1, 2008, Hackensack University Medical Center opened Hackensack University Medical Center North at Pascack Valley as a satellite emergency department. As of November 2008, Hackensack University Medical Center plans to re-open the entire facility as a for-profit full-service hospital with Legacy Hospital Partners of Texas.
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- GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision from 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Westwood, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Westwood borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3, 2013.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 16. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Westwood borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 3, 2013.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Westwood, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 11, 2012.
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- Brief History of Westwood, Borough of Westwood. Accessed March 28, 2007.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 7, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 88. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 310. New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Brief History, Borough of Westwood. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Howard I. Durie, “Bogert’s Mill, Westwood; The Earliest Pascack Mill Site,” 1990; pp. 8, 23.
- Barber, John W. and Henry Howe Historical Collections of the State of New Jersey (1844); p. 85
- Joseph Oettinger, Jr. “Westwood Time Line 1861-1905,” 2006.
- Walker’s 1876 Atlas of Bergen County
- Rogers, Georgia and Knopf, Edward. History of Westwood, Bergen County and New Jersey (Westwood, NJ: The Westwood Press, Inc., 1942); p. 32
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- Bergen County Census Data, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Westwood borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Westwood borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3, 2013.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Westwood borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011. Accessed March 20, 2013.
- Mayor and Council, Borough of Westwood. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Bergen County 2011 - 2012, Bergen County, New Jersey, p. 67. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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- Bergen County Overview, p. 20. Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Bergen County Executive, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013
- What Is a Freeholder?, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- David L. Ganz, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Joan M. Voss, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- John A. Felice, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Maura R. DeNicola, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- John D. Mitchell, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Ensslin, John C. "Bergen County Freeholders choose Ganz as chairman; Democrat gives Republicans 2 top slots", The Record (Bergen County), January 3, 2013. Accessed January 10, 2013. "The swearing-in of Freeholders Tracy Silna Zur and Steve Tanelli gave the Democrats a 4-3 majority and control of the board for the first time in two years. The board elected David Ganz as chairman, as expected.... The reorganization meeting drew several top Democrats from across the state, with U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez swearing in Tanelli, a former North Arlington councilman, and Mayor Cory Booker of Newark swearing in Zur, an attorney from Franklin Lakes."
- Freeholder Home Page, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. As of date accessed, John D. Mitchell is listed as Chairman, John A. Felice is shown as Vice Chairman, and both John Driscoll, Jr. and Robert G. Hermansen are listed as members despite having terms of office that ended in 2012.
- Constitutional Officers, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- 2008 General Election Results for Westwood, The Record (Bergen County). Accessed June 11, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election results: Bergen County New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety: Division of Elections, dated December 13, 2004. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Community and District Profiles, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed June 11, 2012. "The Westwood Regional School District serves the Borough of Westwood (population 10,400) and the Township of Washington (population 9,800). These two communities are located approximately fifteen miles northwest of midtown Manhattan."
- Westwood regional School District 2010 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 11, 2012. "The Westwood Regional School District, the only K-12 regional school district in Bergen County, serves approximately 2,800 students from the Borough of Westwood and the Township of Washington."
- Data for the Westwood Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Yellin, Deena. "Westwood Regional School District to reconfigure its schools", The Record (Bergen County), January 3, 2010. Accessed June 11, 2012. "The Westwood Regional School District is moving ahead with preparations for a reconfiguration of the district, which will take effect in September.Under the new plan, students in Grades K-5 will attend Berkeley, George, Washington and Brookside schools. Students in Grades 6 and 7 will attend Ketler. Westwood Junior/Senior High School will serve students in Grades 8-12. Ketler School will be renamed Westwood Regional Middle School..."
- Routes by County: Bergen County, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 23, 2010. Accessed June 11, 2012.
- Douglas Martin. "F. Herbert Bormann...", The New York Times, June 14, 2012.
- Staff. "Minnesota Puts 5 2009 Rock Cats On Big League Roster", OurSportsCentral.com, February 18, 2010. Accessed June 11, 2012. "RHP Rob Delaney, a 25-year-old native of Westwood, NJ, made 26 appearances out of the `09 New Britain bullpen prior to his June 2nd promotion to Triple-A Rochester."
- James Gandolfini cast profile from The Sopranos, accessed December 21, 2006.
- Filichia, Peter. "Class actors: Meet New Jersey's Tony-nominated performers", The Star-Ledger, June 3, 2001. Accessed August 2, 2007. "Robert Sean Leonard... Jersey roots: 1969-1986 in Westwood, Ridgewood and Paramus."
- Shane, Scott. "A Political Gadfly Lampoons the Left via YouTube", The New York Times, September 18, 2009. Accessed June 11, 2012. "The son of a materials engineer and a physical therapist, Mr. O’Keefe grew up in Westwood, N.J., becoming an Eagle Scout and starring his senior year in high school in the musical Crazy for You."
- Staff. "EX-BERGEN COUNTY OFFICIAL TO LEAD WHITMAN'S BANKING DEPARTMENT", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 20, 1994. Accessed September 22, 2011. "Gov. Whitman chose a former Bergen County assemblywoman and county attorney yesterday to head the Department of Banking as she continued to fill cabinet positions. Whitman's choice of Westwood resident Elizabeth Randall brings to 13 the number of cabinet jobs filled."
- Kevin Sampson player profile, Kansas City Chiefs. Accessed December 21, 2006.
- PVH About our Hospital, Pascack Valley Hospital. Accessed October 21, 2007.
- Important Information from Pascack Valley Hospital, Pascack Valley Hospital. Accessed October 21, 2007.
- Washburn, Lindy. "Pascack Valley ER Reopens", The Record (Bergen County), October 1, 2008.
- Borough of Westwood official website
- Westwood Regional School District
- Westwood Regional School District's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Westwood Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Westwood Chamber of Commerce website
- Westwood NJ HandyGuide
- Westwood Heritage Society
- Westwood United Methodist Church