Westwood Marshes Mill, Walberswick

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Westwood Marshes Mill, Walberswick
Walberswick windpump.jpg
The mill in 2008
Origin
Mill location TM 486 737
52°18′18″N 1°38′57″E / 52.30500°N 1.64917°E / 52.30500; 1.64917Coordinates: 52°18′18″N 1°38′57″E / 52.30500°N 1.64917°E / 52.30500; 1.64917
Operator(s) Private
Year built Late 18th century
Information
Purpose Drainage mill,
Corn mill
Type Tower mill
Storeys Three storeys
Number of sails Four Sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Cast Iron
Winding Tailpole
Number of pairs of millstones One pair
Type of pump Scoop wheel

Westwood Marshes Mill is a Grade II listed[1] tower mill at Walberswick, Suffolk, England which is derelict.

History[edit]

Westwood Marshes Mill was built in the late 18th century,[1] possibly in 1798. It was worked by wind until 1940 and then damaged when used for target practice during World War II. The mill was repaired in the 1950s but in October 1960 it was burnt out in an arson attack. It remains standing in a derelict state.[2]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Westwood Marshes Mill is a three storey tower mill. It had a boat shaped cap which was winded by a tailpole and winch, in a similar manner to the smock mill at Herringfleet. There were four Common sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The wooden brake wheel drove a wooden wallower which was carried on the wooden upright shaft. This carries a cast iron spur wheel which drives a cast iron pit wheel with wooden cogs, carried on a wooden axle, as is the cast iron scoop wheel with wooden paddles. Only the lower part of the upright shaft and the pit wheel and scoopwheel survived the fire. As well as the scoopwheel, the mill drove a pair of millstones which was used to grind feed for horses on the estate where the mill stood.[3]

Marshmen[edit]

  • Jack Stannard - c. 1914
  • Bob Westcott c. 1914 - 1940

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "OLD WINDPUMP, WALBERSWICK, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK". English Heritage. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  2. ^ Dolman, Peter (1978). Windmills in Suffolk. Ipswich: Suffolk Mills Group. pp. p46. ISBN 0-9506447-0-6. 
  3. ^ Flint, Brian (1979). Suffolk Windmills. Woodbridge: Boydell. pp. p99–100. ISBN 0-85115-112-4. 

External links[edit]