Wetheral

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Wetheral
The Cross - Wetheral Village Green - Carlisle - Cumbria - UK.JPG
The Cross, Wetheral Village Green
Wetheral is located in Cumbria
Wetheral
Wetheral
 Wetheral shown within Cumbria
Population 5,023 (2001)
OS grid reference NY4654
Civil parish Wetheral
District Carlisle
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Carlisle
Postcode district CA4
Dialling code 01228
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Carlisle
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°53′N 2°50′W / 54.88°N 2.83°W / 54.88; -2.83

Wetheral is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England. The village serves mostly as a dormitory town for nearby Carlisle. At the 2001 census, the population of the Wetheral Ward was 4,039.[1] The civil parish of Wetheral is slightly larger, with a population of 5,203.[2] Along with nearby Scotby, Wetheral is one of the most affluent villages in North Cumbria.

Wetheral stands high on a bank overlooking a gorge in the River Eden. Parts of the riverbank here are surrounded by ancient woodlands, including Wetheral Woods, owned by the National Trust.[3] Formerly a small ferryboat operated to the village of Great Corby on the opposite bank, and an iron ring can still be found attached to the rocks on the Great Corby side of the river where the ferry would tie up.

The Newcastle to Carlisle Railway has a station here at the west end of Corby Bridge (popularly known as 'Wetheral Viaduct') over the Eden which acts also as a footbridge connecting with Great Corby. The station was closed during the Beeching cuts in 1967, but was reopened in 1981. In 1836 one of the very earliest railway accidents happened close to Wetheral station.

In the Middle Ages there was a priory at Wetheral. All that is left now is the gatehouse, which is in the care of English Heritage, and some low ruined walls behind the farm buildings that now occupy the site.

At the historic core of the village lies the village green, in one corner of which stands Wetheral Cross. The cross previously stood in the centre of the green before it was moved. The green is surrounded by large period houses in different styles, and the Fantails restaurant, shop and tea room front the green. The church, hotel (The Crown), village hall, hairdresser and pub (The Wheatsheaf) are not far away. The north western part of the village is known as Wetheral Plain and consists of a ribbon development along Plains Road and the housing estates of Greenacres and Faustin Hill.

Wetheral Parish Church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity and St Constantine.[4] St Constantine was said to be a Scottish king who relinquished his throne to become a monk. Legend has it that he lived as a hermit in a cave at Wetheral.[5] The current Rector is based at The Rectory in Warwick Bridge.[6] The Church contains a life size sculpture by Joseph Nollekens of 'Faith'. This was commissioned by Henry Howard after the death, in childbirth, of his wife Maria.The cost of the sculpture was £1,500 in the late eighteenth century, which is estimated to be equivalent to nearly £2 million today.[7]

There is no school in the village (it closed many years ago) and most primary school children travel to the school at Scotby, although some go to Great Corby or Warwick Bridge. The village lies in the catchment area of the Richard Rose Central Academy in Carlisle, although the William Howard School in nearby Brampton provides a bus service for pupils who wish to attend school there. This is undertaken by most pupils despite having to pay a fee for the service rather than using the free bus to the catchment school.

The ward of Wetheral includes the villages and hamlets of Warwick-on-Eden, Aglionby, Scotby, Cotehill, Cumwhinton, Wetheral Shield and Wetheral Pasture. The civil parish also includes part of the Great Corby & Geltsdale ward, containing Great Corby, Warwick Bridge (but not Corby Hill or Little Corby), and Heads Nook.

At Wetheral Shield is the Animals' Refuge, operated by the National Equine (and Smaller Animals) Defence League.

Parish Church: Joseph Nollekens life size sculpture of 'Faith' in memory of Henry Howard's wife Maria (who died in Childbirth).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Key Figures". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  2. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  3. ^ "Wetheral Parish Plan 2005". Wetheral Parish Council. p. 18. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  4. ^ one of only two churches in England dedicated to a man called Constantine ( Nigel Holmes (2013) 'The History of Wetheral Parish Church' (booklet available in the church))
  5. ^ Holmes (2013) op cit
  6. ^ Focus on Eden Parish magazine no 143 July/Aug 2014. The Rector at this time Rev'd David Craven
  7. ^ Holmes (2013) op cit

External links[edit]

Media related to Wetheral at Wikimedia Commons