Wetherby

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For the 1985 British drama film, see Wetherby (film).
Wetherby
Bridge over the River Wharfe with town beyond
Wetherby as viewed from Micklethwaite across the River Wharfe.
Wetherby is located in West Yorkshire
Wetherby
Wetherby
 Wetherby shown within West Yorkshire
Population 19,979 (2011)
OS grid reference SE404481
Civil parish Wetherby
Metropolitan borough City of Leeds
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WETHERBY
Postcode district LS22, LS23
Dialling code 01937
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Elmet and Rothwell
Website http://www.wetherby.co.uk
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°55′39″N 1°23′02″W / 53.9276°N 1.3839°W / 53.9276; -1.3839

Wetherby is a market town and civil parish within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England. It stands on the River Wharfe, and has been for centuries a crossing place and staging post on the A1 Great North Road, being mid-way between London and Edinburgh. It has a population of 11,155.[1]

Historically a part of the Wapentake of Skyrack within the West Riding of Yorkshire, Wetherby is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Wedrebi, thought to derive from wether- or ram-farm or else meaning "settlement on the bend of a river".

Wetherby Bridge, which spans the River Wharfe, is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade II listed structure.[2] The course of the Old Great North Road passes through the town and, as result of its situation on the road, a large number of coaching inns were established in Wetherby which are still used by travellers today.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Wetherby
Bishopgate, a former slum area in Wetherby
Wetherby Bridge

In the 12th and 13th centuries the Knights Templar and later the Knights Hospitallers were granted land and properties in Yorkshire. The local preceptory founded in 1217 was at Ribston Park. In 1240 the Knights Templar were granted by Royal Charter of Henry III the right to hold a market in Wetherby[3] (known then as Werreby). on Thursdays and a yearly fair was permitted lasting three days over the day of St James the Apostle.

From 1318 to 1319 the North of England suffered many raids from the Scots. After the Battle of Bannockburn Wetherby was burned and many people taken and killed. According to the blue plaque [11] at the entrance to the lane, Scott Lane could be named after the Scottish raiders in 1318 or the 18th-century drovers who used Wetherby as a watering place.[citation needed]

In the English Civil War in 1644, before marching to Tadcaster and on to Marston Moor, the Parliamentarians spent two days in Wetherby joining forces with the Scots.[citation needed]

In the heyday of the coaching era, Wetherby had up to forty inns and alehouses. The first recorded mail coach arrived in Wetherby in 1786.[2]

In 1824, William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire sold the town of Wetherby (except one house) to finance work at Chatsworth.[3] Wetherby provides the setting for the novel Oldbury (1869) by Annie Keary.[citation needed]

20th century[edit]

Many Wetherby men served with either the 5th or 9th West Yorkshire Regiments, which had great losses in Flanders. A war memorial designed by E. F. Roslyn was dedicated on 22 April 1922.[4]

In 1918, residents contributed to support the crew of the Racecourse class minesweeper HMS Wetherby despite hardship and shortages caused by the war.[4]

During the Second World War, nearby RAF Tockwith was renamed RAF Marston Moor to avoid confusion with RAF Topcliffe. Part of the airfield is now a driver training centre and the old control tower is used as the offices. Parts of the runways can still be seen.[4] Clark Gable was stationed at Marston Moor, during the Second World War, as a member of the USAAF ground staff, with the rank of captain. He was transferred to RAF Polebrook in Northamptonshire. Adolf Hitler offered a reward to anyone who was able to catch the airman.[4] Group Captain Leonard Cheshire was stationed at Marston Moor for a short while before leaving to become commander of the 617 Dam Buster squadron.[4]

Wetherby had the only landship north of London, built on Hallfield Lane in 1942 (it later become the local secondary school), named in turn; HMS Cabot, Demetrius, Rodney and Ceres. The base was closed in 1958 and transferred to Chatham.[4]

Throughout the 1960s the town council deliberated over how best to enlarge the town centre to cope with the needs of a growing population and to provide the town with a purpose built supermarket. Plans were put forward to enlarge the town over the ings, or to develop the town centre into a pedestrian precinct. In the end it was decided to build a purpose built shopping precinct, which was built in the 1970s and underwent a significant redevelopment throughout 2003. By 2006 the remaining open parts of the Horsefair Centre were enclosed under a glass canopy roof.[citation needed]

Governance[edit]

The coat of arms of the former Wetherby Rural District Council, the first such arms to be granted by the College of Arms to a rural district council, on 7 January 1938. The motto translates as "One government within another."[5]
King George's Field, Wetherby Ings

Since 2010 Wetherby has been in the Elmet and Rothwell constituency, a marginal seat. Wetherby is a ward within Leeds City Council and has a town council responsible for amenities such as parks.

Twinnings[edit]

Geography[edit]

Divisions and suburbs[edit]

  • Micklethwaite was a village in its own right but its identity as a separate place has disappeared since the Micklethwaite Farm's buildings were demolished in the 2000s and replaced by 150 dwellings known as 'Micklethwaite'. It is situated south of the River Wharfe and contains the Police Station, magistrates court, the Ramada Jarvis Hotel and the town's Leisure Centre and Swimming Baths. Wetherby Athletic and Wetherby Bulldogs RLFC play on the Wetherby ings, while Wetherby RUFC and Wetherby CC play at Grange Park.
  • Ainsty is in the north of Wetherby, off the B1224 Deighton Road. Its earliest buildings date from the 1940s made up of council housing and private housing. Much of the area was built by developer Norman Ashton in the 1960s. Its amenities have declined leaving only three shops on the estate, a Co-op, a corner shop with a post office, and a decorating shop.
  • Hallfield in the southeast is a large council estate and has some houses built by the prison service and some sheltered housing. The area is home to Wetherby High School, St James' Primary School, the cemetery, the Church on the Corner and Mason House Community Centre. A new medical centre has been built on the edge of the estate.
  • Deighton Bar is situated in the northeast bordering Ainsty and Sandbeck and the village of Kirk Deighton in North Yorkshire, as is one street in Deighton Bar, Autumn Avenue. The oldest houses are in a row of terrace houses on Deighton Road. The area is home to Deighton Gates primary school between Ainsty and Deighton Bar. Most housing in Deighton Bar was built in the late 1970s by Barratts.
  • Barleyfields – Barleyfields is a residential area of council housing in central Wetherby but has private and housing association properties. Barleyfields' oldest houses are large Victorian terraces on Sandringham Terrace and the former quarry workers' cottages behind Prospect Villas. The area situated in the middle of a large triangular dismantled railway junction. The area is home to St Joseph's Primary School, Crossley Street Primary School and Barleyfields Community Centre.
  • Sandbeck is home to the Sandbeck Industrial Estate, some 1960s Norman Ashton Houses and some 1970's council houses. The industrial estate is home to West Yorkshire Steel, Goldenfry Foods, Mondipack, Swift Research, Dunwood Polymer Services and Arvilles Textiles. The Wetherby & District Social Club is based on the industrial estate.
  • Linton Park View an affluent area of private houses, mostly built in the 1970s between Spofforth Hill and Linton Lane in the northwest of Wetherby.
  • Spofforth Hill named after the road that passes through is an affluent area off the A661. It contains many large detached houses from Victorian times onwards. In the 1980s and 1990s the area was expanded after Shepherd Homes built a housing estate on former agricultural land, the Glebe Field Estate.


Weather and climate[edit]

Wetherby has a cool, fairly moist climate with changeable weather year round. Liquid equivalent precipitation totals about 630mm per year and is fairly well distributed through the seasons.

Cloudy weather tends to predominate, but settled, sunny spells occur at times, as well.

Winter temperatures average just above freezing for lows, with highs about 5-9 C.

Frost and snow are not uncommon, but are rarely severe or prolonged. Temperatures very rarely drop as low as -10 C.

Summers are mild, with lows mostly 10-15 and highs 15-25, with a few hot days approaching 30.[6]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2001 UK Census, the Wetherby ward has a population of 22,000 and the immediate town has a population of 11,155. However since this was taken, the immediate town area has grown considerably. 150 new dwellings were built in one development in Micklethwaite, then a further 20 were added, flats have also appeared at the former Motorworld, La Locanda Restaurant, Deighton Road car garage, Fields Works and the cattle market.

Economy[edit]

Goldenfry factory

The Wharfedale Brewery became Oxley's mineral water factory during the inter-war years.[3] It was demolished in the 1950s and redeveloped as the West Yorkshire Road Car Company bus depot and bus station, and has been further redeveloped to include shops, offices, and a restaurant and the bus station. The site of the watermill by the weir, is now occupied by riverside flats.[citation needed] Wetherby has a manufacturing presence in the town and on the Thorp Arch Trading Estate. Many residents work in Leeds or on the Sandbeck industrial estate, major retailers in the town centre or at Thorp Arch. Large employers include the British Library, Morrisons, Goldenfry Foods and Moores Furniture.

Goldenfry started as a fish and chip shop and the company now make other products including own brand gravy for every UK supermarket. Goldenfry is situated on Sandbeck Way.

Inspirepac has a factory on Sandbeck Lane.[citation needed]

The ICC group (International Computer Connections), one of the UK's longest established IT resellers and service providers, is based at Thorp Arch Estate. It supports 80% of UK powerstations and specialises in HP/IBM and Dell products, providing support nationwide.[citation needed]

Farnell opened its first factory in 1956 (made up of former W.D. huts)[clarification needed] on the York Road Industrial Estate. By 1963 it required new premises and moved to the Sandbeck Industrial Estate.[7][citation needed] The company specialises in the manufacture and wholesale distribution of electrical, electronic and measurement, control and instrumentation equipment. In the 1990s the company left and now has offices in Armley.[citation needed]

Present day[edit]

North Street, from the Garden of Rest. Showing the main entrance to the Horsefair Centre.

The Forensic Science Service has a laboratory in Wetherby on Sandbeck Way. This closed in 2012 and is to redeveloped(application pending).

Wetherby Young Offender Institution is on York Road.

The Horsefair Centre has a Morrisons supermarket, Boots the Chemist, Superdrug, Specsavers and other shops. It was built in the 1970s It was redeveloped between 2002 and 2005. Kwiksave closed and reopened as a Sainsbury's, the fourth supermarket, competing with the Co-op, Marks and Spencers and the largest, Morrisons.

Since the closure of the cattle market in the 1990s, the site has been redeveloped as flats and a Marks and Spencer store. In August 2008 the MOTO Wetherby service station opened on the B1224, A1(M) intersection.

On 1 October 2008 the healthcare centre on Hallfield Lane was opened by Colin Burgon Labour Member of Parliament for Elmet. It was completed in May 2008 and services have been provided from the building since June 2008. The centre has a range of services these include podiatry physiotherapy and a baby clinic.

Wetherby is the home to the Martin House Hospice, which provides care and support to families of children with a short life expectancy.

Transport[edit]

For many years from 1959, the town's bypass started at a roundabout near a Forte Group Posthouse hotel until July 1988 when the A1 was diverted at a cost of £11.5 million. On 18 December 2004, the northern section of the bypass was diverted to a new section of the A1(M), bypassing Kirk Deighton, after construction work had begun in August 2003. The upgrade of the section between Bramham and Wetherby started in July 2007 and was scheduled to be completed in 2009.[8] The upgrading of the A1 included the construction of Wetherby Services at the Wetherby North Junction. The upgrading of the A1(M) in Wetherby was the final development after 50 years of gradual improvement to motorway standard. A new road links all routes in and out of the town with the A1(M).[9][10][11]

Wetherby bus station in the Market Place was redeveloped in 1995.[12] Since the partial pedestrianisation of the Market Place in 2007 capacity at the bus station has been reduced. Services are operated by National Express coach services, First West Yorkshire run buses to Leeds via Roundhay, Transdev Harrogate, runs to Leeds via Boston Spa and Seacroft and to Harrogate via Spofforth, Connexionsbuses run to Harrogate and York via Tockwith, Eddie Brown run to Bickerton, Arriva buses run to Wakefield via Garforth and Sandla Transport run to Knaresborough, Tadcaster and Otley. The daily footfall is estimated at 1634.[citation needed]

Local passenger services between Leeds-Wetherby-Harrogate, and Wetherby and Church Fenton were withdrawn on 6 January 1964, involving closure of Wetherby railway station as part of the Beeching Axe.[13] The closest mainline station is Leeds railway station.

The closest airport is Leeds Bradford International Airport in Yeadon.

Education[edit]

There are four primary schools situated in Wetherby and one secondary school, Wetherby High School (formerly Wetherby Secondary Modern School). There is Crossley Street Primary School, Deighton Gates Primary School, St Josephs Primary School and St James C of E School. There is a further secondary school serving Wetherby situated in Boston Spa. The local college in Wetherby is Leeds City College.

Sport[edit]

The town is home to several sporting clubs: Wetherby Athletic AFC, Wetherby Bulldogs RLFC and Wetherby RUFC, all playing at a higher amateur level. Wetherby Athletic play in the West Yorkshire League. The club was formed in 1949, from Wetherby AFC and Wetherby Rovers FC. The club groundshare with Wetherby Bulldogs RLFC at the newly refurbished ground on Ings.[14]

Wetherby Bulldogs rugby league team play at the Ings with Wetherby Athletic. The club plays in the Pennine League Division Four. The club was formed in 1983 playing in the York and District Sunday League. In the 1997/98 season, Wetherby won the league without losing a game, and won the White Rose Cup, playing the final at Featherstone Rovers' Post Office Road ground. By 1999 the club was in Yorkshire League Division One.[15]

The town's rugby union club plays at Grange Park sharing with the town's cricket and bowls clubs where it has a clubhouse and floodlit pitches.[16]

Wetherby Cricket Club plays at Grange Park (adjacent to the South Wetherby A1(M)/A661 intersection). It plays in the Wetherby League and the Whixley Evening League fielding two senior and junior sides ranging from U-9s to U-17s.

Wetherby Bowling Club was established in 1986 at Grange Park Sports Centre between the cricket club and the rugby union club. It has crown and flat greens and takes part in a floodlit mini league. The club has six crown green teams (playing in the Harrogate and Tadcaster Leagues) and three flat green teams. Formed in October 2004, Wetherby Runners Athletic Club is based at Wetherby Sports Association with a membership of over 160. A junior section competes in West Yorks Track & Field & cross country Leagues. It competes throughout the region in Harrogate Road League [12], Yorkshire Dales Race Series [13], West Yorks Cross Country League and takes part in cross country, fell, road races and marathons. [14] The club organises the Wetherby 10k Run on the second Sunday in September at Wetherby Racecourse.[17]

Wetherby Golf Club has an 18-hole golf course, constructed in two loops of 9-holes along Wetherby Ings where, 100 years ago, steeplechase racing was the major sporting activity. The course is almost 6,700 yards with five variable tee positions.[18]

Wetherby Castlegarth Tennis Club has had a presence in the town since 1904.

The route of The White Rose Way, a long distance walk from Leeds to Scarborough passes through the town.

Wetherby Racecourse was originally located at the Ings. It moved to York Road and is the only racecourse in Yorkshire to stage only jump racing. The course is a left hand oval with easy bends.[19] The racecourse has three stands, one constructed in the 1930s with football style terracing, a two-tier seated stand constructed in the 1970s and the new Millennium Stand which opened in 1999 providing executive facilities.

Wetherby Racecourse is the starting point for the Great Yorkshire Bike Ride an annual event held in June. The 70 mile ride ends in Filey. The event has raised nearly £2 million for charity since its inception in 1984.[20][21]

Crime[edit]

Crime is generally lower in Wetherby than in most other areas of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough.[citation needed] CCTV has been installed and the Horsefair Centre is closed at night. Problems with antisocial behaviour have been blamed for driving away shoppers.[22] Although low in comparison to Leeds, it is higher than the national average.[citation needed] Wetherby has above average statistics for theft of motor vehicles, theft from motor vehicles, burglary and violence against the person.[citation needed]

The town has its a police station in the North East Leeds, West Yorkshire Police division. The town's magistrates court has closed.

Religion[edit]

St James' Church in Wetherby, Wetherby's largest church.

There are five churches in Wetherby.[23] The parish church is dedicated to St James[15] and its daughter church, The Church on the Corner meets in the old Cemetery Chapel on Hallfield Lane. There is a Methodist church on Bank Street[16], a Baptist church {http://www.wetherbybaptist.org.uk/] and the Community Church of the Salvation Army.[17] St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church's building was opened in 1986 and won the Leeds award for Architecture in 1987.[24] Two smaller Catholic churches in Bardsey and Sicklinghall operate as satellite churches to the Wetherby one and do not have their own ministers.

The Baptist Church was originally Anglican and was known as Barleyfields Church. Early in 2009 it became part of the Baptist Union of Great Britain. It originally met in the Barleyfields Centre, but moved to Deighton Gates School in September 2009.

Culture and media[edit]

In 1989 the 'Wetherby in Bloom' committee was set up and has charitable status. The town won the Entente Florale gold award in 1999 and an International Communities in Bloom award in 2005. It achieved success in the RHS Britain in Bloom competition in 1998, 2002 and 2010, along with numerous regional gold awards over the last 15 years.

The annual Wetherby Festival [25] is sponsored by Leeds City Council and Wetherby Town Council.[26] It promotes the arts by providing a platform for local groups to perform and to bring in other performers and art forms.

The local newspaper is the Wetherby News.[18] The Lifestyle magazine is Excelle magazine.[19] Tempo FM is the local radio station. The regional radio station is BBC Radio Leeds. Wetherby Film Theatre[20] is an independent, traditional single screen cinema on Caxton Street.

Housing[edit]

Medium rise council flats in Wetherby around York Place.

In 1914, 100 dwellings in Wetherby were considered unfit for habitation. This and previous reports under the Housing and Town Planning Act 1909 led to the building of many 'villas'. There are many surviving examples of these, such as Park Villas, York Place, Grosvenor Terrace and Sandringham Terrace. Landlords found these hard to let due to exorbitant rents and many remained empty for years. This also led to the demolition of the town's Bishopgate Area. In 1910 the parish council started a programme to install street lighting in the hope of bettering the standard of living and reducing crime. It was not until the post war years the large housing estates appeared throughout Wetherby. From the 1940s until the 1980s, many large estates were built from scratch. Both the local corporation and the private sector built many houses to satisfy the huge demand for homes in Wetherby. Developer Norman Ashton's company Ashtons were responsible for much of the housing in Wetherby, particularly around the Ainsty Estate, Hall Orchards and Templar Gardens area. Most housing in the town is from these years. There is a wide variety of housing types in Wetherby, including waterside penthouses, council flats and maisonettes, large detached houses, small terraces and probably the most common, the three bedroomed twentieth century semi-detached home.

Public houses[edit]

Black Bull in 2003, before refurbishment

In its hey-day Wetherby had seventeen pubs in its town centre. Only eleven now remain, of which ten are still open. The town's oldest surviving pub the 'Brunswick Hotel' closed in 2003 and reopened as Harris' Bar, and in 2012 reopened again as The Brunswick after refurbishment by Enterprise Inns. The Three Legs public house closed in 2007 and became "bar Thr3" (Wetherby's first non smoking pub).[27]

During the Second World War, The Angel public house served German and Italian prisoners of war from the nearby camps and, being the only pub in the town to do so, attracted some controversy as a result.[28]

The Angel was sold in 2010 and re-opened as Sant Angelo Italian Restaurant and Ice Cream Parlour. The pub was recreated on the first floor and has become one of the town's busiest weekend drinking venues.

A mock news report, filmed in Wetherby about fictional pub 'The Kings Head', was broadcast by Soccer AM[when?] and claimed that the pub was being converted into a new 'American style sports bar'. Wetherby residents, all portrayed as working-class Northern stereotypes, were interviewed and were all dismayed, agreeing that "change was bad".[citation needed]

Wetherby has several private members clubs. The Wetherby Sports Association is based on Lodge Lane, adjacent to the swimming baths and the ings. The facilities there were recently built with National Lottery funding. This serves both the football and rugby league teams as well as other members of the association. There is also a similar club at Grange Park, serving members of the town's rugby union, cricket and bowls clubs as well as members of its committee and association. The town's main Working Men's Club, Wetherby and District Social Club is based on the Sandbeck Industrial Estate. This burnt down in a fire in 2002. The fire was initially treated as suspicious by West Yorkshire Police, however investigations were taken no further. The club was rebuilt in its original location. As was the case in Belle Isle the rebuilt club was significantly larger than its predecessor and offered its members far superior facilities.

Notable people[edit]

Wetherby-born World War Two flying ace 'Ginger' Lacey, in about 1940

Location grid[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 25001 : Parish headcounts : Leeds Retrieved 10 September 2009
  2. ^ a b West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service. Wetherby Conservation Area, [1] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Wetherby & District Historical Society (1995). Wetherby. The Archive Photographs Series. Stroud: The Chalfont Publishing Company.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Wetherby Online. About Wetherby – Fascinating Facts[2] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  5. ^ "West Riding Civic Heraldry". Civic Heraldry. 
  6. ^ http://www.wetherbyweather.org.uk/forum/read.php?4,7 Wetherby Weather / Thomas Ehrensperger
  7. ^ ISBN 0-7524-0328-1
  8. ^ Government News Network. Highways Agency (Yorkshire and Humber) – Wetherby resident marks official start of work on £61 million A1 Bramham to Wetherby upgrade scheme , 3 July 2007 [3] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  9. ^ Highways Agency – A1 Darrington to Dishforth
  10. ^ Highways Agency – A1(M) Bramham to Wetherby
  11. ^ Highways Agency – M1 – A1 Lofthouse to Bramham
  12. ^ West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority. Wetherby Bus Station [4] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  13. ^ David Hey's Collection. The Beeching Years [5] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  14. ^ Wetherby Athletic
  15. ^ Wetherby Bulldogs RLFC – Homepage
  16. ^ Wetherby Rugby Club – future developments
  17. ^ [6]
  18. ^ Wetherby Golf Club
  19. ^ Wetherby Race Course – Going Racing at Wetherby Racecourse
  20. ^ Student Travel Information & Discounts – Events: Great Yorkshire Bike Ride (Wetherby, England)
  21. ^ Facts & Figures
  22. ^ 'Stay out of town centre' – Yorkshire Evening Post
  23. ^ Wetherby Churches Together [7] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  24. ^ St. Joseph's Parish Wetherby [8] retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  25. ^ "Wetherby Festival". Wetherby Festival. 
  26. ^ "Wetherby Festival sponsors". Wetherby Festival. 
  27. ^ Wetherby News. Tough stance on Wetherby pub smoke, 25 May 2007 [9] retrieved on 26 August 2007.
  28. ^ BBC – WW2 People's War – A Kind Thought
  29. ^ IMDb. Biography for 'Ginger' Lacey[10] retrieved on 4 August 2007.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wetherby The History of a Yorkshire Market Town, Robert Unwin
  • Wetherby (The Archive Photographic Series)

External links[edit]