Weybridge

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This article is about the town in England. For the settlement in Canada, see Weybridge, Newfoundland and Labrador. For the town in the United States, see Weybridge, Vermont.
Not to be confused with Wadebridge, Cornwall, or weighbridge.

Coordinates: 51°21′43″N 0°27′11″W / 51.362°N 0.453°W / 51.362; -0.453

Weybridge
Georgian Weybridge - geograph.org.uk - 903285.jpg
Georgian Weybridge
Weybridge is located in Surrey
Weybridge
Weybridge
 Weybridge shown within Surrey
Area  13.73 km2 (5.30 sq mi)
Population 15,449 (2011 census)[1]
    - Density  1,125 /km2 (2,910 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ0753
Civil parish n/a
District Elmbridge
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WEYBRIDGE
Postcode district KT13
Dialling code 01932
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Runnymede and Weybridge
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Weybridge /ˈwbrɪ/ is a town by the River Wey in the Elmbridge district of Surrey. It is bounded to the north by the River Thames at the mouth of the Wey, from which it gets its name. It is an outlying suburban town within the Greater London Urban Area. Real estate prices are well above the national average: as of 2008, six of the ten most expensive streets in South East England (defined as the official government region, which excludes Greater London) were in Weybridge.[2]

Weybridge, based on its parish bounds, forms three wards of the United Kingdom or can be divided into the Thames Street and town centre area, the Queens Road area on top of Monument Hill, most of Brooklands and St George's Hill. Within the post town, rather than Weybridge's other boundaries is Oatlands or Oatlands Village.

History[edit]

Weybridge lay within the Elmbridge hundred.

Weybridge appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Webrige and Webruge held partly by Chertsey Abbey; partly by an Englishman from the abbey; and partly by Herfrid from the conqueror's brother, the Bishop of Bayeux. Its domesday assets were: 6 hides; 1½ ploughs, 32 acres (130,000 m2) of meadow, wood worth 9 hogs. It rendered £4 per year to it feudal system overlords.[3] It was much smaller than today's post town, and about one quarter of the size of neighbouring Walton.[4]

In 1235 Henry III granted to William son of Daniel Pincerna, for his homage and service, two mills on the River Wey, one above the 'bridge of Wey,' and the other at Feyreford (a place which no longer exists) at an annual rent of five silver marks.[5]

Until the late 18th century Weybridge was as a very small village with a river crossing, seed milling to make flour and nurseries would continue to provide the major source of home-grown income until the 20th century[5] but no tanneries, major coaching houses, shops, markets, forges or gunpowder works are documented for example in the medieval period. The earliest monuments on the tower wall of St James's C of E Church are 15th century plaques, and the Church was rebuilt in 1848 with a south aisle added in 1864.[6] In 1537 the south-west of Walton on Thames extra-territorially a manor house affiliated to Weybridge on what was a border of Weybridge and Walton, Oatlands Palace, was built by Henry VIII, which was where he married his fifth wife Catherine Howard. When it was demolished in 1650, bricks from its walls helped to line the then new Wey Navigation canal.

In 1571 commissioners were appointed to report on the condition of the bridge across the Wey. They stated that for some years it had been so decayed as to be "unsafe for passengers, and that it was now ruinous...if the queen (Elizabeth I of England) should be at her house at Oatlands and the waters should rise, 'as often they do,' she could not pass to her forest to hunt". It was accordingly ordered that a new bridge – a horse-bridge like the last – should be built, wood being used for its construction, as stonework would be too costly. The expense was to be borne by the queen, as the land on either side belonged to her.[5]

St. George's Hill was the site of the Diggers' Commune in the 1640s.

At the bottom of Monument Hill, within the definition of the town centre is a monument to the Duchess of York, erected by public subscription in 1820 from the remains of the original Seven Dials Monument that stood in St. Martin's Lane, London until 1773. The Duchess is buried in St. James's Churchyard.

In the 19th century Oatlands broke away from the parish of Walton on Thames to become a village in its own right, eventually to have three places of worship. Influenced by the secondary manor of Weybridge, the forerunner of Oatlands Palace palace (at which time the heart of the grounds became the Oatlands Park Hotel), the post town adopted Oatlands as its only village in the 19th century.

The entomologist, Horace Donisthorpe, visited Weybridge Heath to investigate the ant colony.


Weybridge grew into a commuter town with the advent of the fast train link into London Waterloo and a lot of 'new' houses have been built around the Oatlands Park and Broadwater Lake area.

Railway[edit]

Map of Weybridge (from OpenStreetMap)

Weybridge railway station was opened by the London and Southampton Railway in 1838. After the station was opened, development of what was until then only a village began and gradually Weybridge became a town. Large houses were built on St George's Hill from 1911 by local builder and developer Walter George Tarrant of Byfleet.

Plant life[edit]

Weybridge Heath, showing scrub clearance area

In Weybridge Heath, many rare species of insects (particularly ants), rare birds and insectivorous plant have been recorded. The heath was allowed to become vastly overgrown in recent years, but recently Surrey Wildlife Trust invoked a scrub clearance plan in an attempt to restore this valuable habitat.

Industry and commerce[edit]

High Street, Weybridge. Edwardian terrace (1904) of flats and offices above street level shops. The busy street funnels traffic to the bridge across the Wey. In the distance is the spire of the parish church, St James.

Weybridge is the British headquarters of Alliance Boots, Sony Corporation, Procter & Gamble, JTI (formerly Gallaher) and Toshiba Information Systems headquarters is very close by. Abbey Business Centres also have a presence in the town.

Eurotax Glass, owners and publishers of Glass's Guide, pricing bible to the motor industry, and regional paper publisher Newsquest are based in Weybridge.

In addition, retailing also forms part of the local economy, and a range of retailers are represented in the town centre.

In popular culture[edit]

Education[edit]

St Georges College

Two schools for 11-18-year-olds serve Weybridge, Heathside School and 6th Form Centre in the town itself and St George's College in nearby Addlestone. There is also Brooklands College, for sixth form students in further education focussing particularly in BTECs. There are 2 primary schools to serve 4-11 year olds: St James Primary School and St Charles Borromeo Catholic Primary, as well as 2 infant schools: Oatlands and Mamby Lodge and Cleves Junior School.

Sport[edit]

At the top of Monument Hill, adjacent to the cricket green is a World War I war memorial.

Weybridge also has a variety of sports clubs including the Weybridge Vandals Rugby Club, Weybridge Vandals Cricket Club, Elmbridge Canoe Club, Weybridge Bowls Club, Weybridge Rowing Club, Weybridge Mariners Recreational Rowing Club, Weybridge Sprinters Club and Weybridge Cricket Club, all serving the area for many years. Addlestone & Weybridge Town F.C. was the main football club in Weybridge until becoming defunct in 1985. However, there are several amateur teams in the local area. Like Abbey Rangers Football club.

Notable people[edit]

Notable residents, past and present, include:

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes Shared between households[1]
Weybridge North 439 435 398 642 0 0
Weybridge South 499 328 336 908 2 15
St Georges Hill 1,152 379 340 696 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Weybridge North 4,347 1,914 27 37 233
Weybridge South 4,600 2,088 31 33 202
St Georges Hill 6,502 2,567 33 40 938

The proportion of households in the settlement who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Wikisource link[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ The most expensive streets in the South West, 2008, The Times, 19 February 2008.
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  4. ^ Map of the Parishes in Elmbridge Victoria County History H.E. Malden (ed.) 1912. Retrieved 14 December 2013
  5. ^ a b c H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Weybridge". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  6. ^ National Heritage List for England, 2012 ed., entry 4/85 Church of St. James 19.10.51 GV II

External links[edit]