Wharton Basin

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Coordinates: 27°S 103°E / 27°S 103°E / -27; 103

Wharton Basin

Wharton Basin is the marine area of the north east quarter of the Indian Ocean. It is named after William Wharton (1843-1905), Hydrographer of the Navy. Alternative names are Cocos Basin (after the Cocos Islands) and West Australian Basin.[1]

It lies east of the Ninety East Ridge and west of Western Australia.

It is of interest in relation to Indian Ocean floor movement and adjacent fracture zones [2] and the relationship between the Indian and Australian plates [3] and is one of a number of features of the Indian Ocean that has been studied extensively.[4] However, its floor has not been charted since the 1960s and is not well known.[5]

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 presumably crashed in the area of Wharton Basin on 8 March 2014, because signals from its black box have been located in the area in April 2014.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sclater, John G.; Fisher, Robert L. "Evolution of the East: Central Indian Ocean, with Emphasis on the Tectonic Setting of the Ninetyeast Ridge". Geological Society of America Bulletin 85 (5): 683–702. doi:10.1130/0016-7606(1974)85<683:eoteci>2.0.co;2. 
  2. ^ http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1978JGR....83..773L
  3. ^ http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/292/5519/1145
  4. ^ Schlich, R., (1982). The Indian Ocean: Aseismic ridges, spreading centers and oceanic basins. In A.E.M. Nairn and F.G. Stehli , (Eds.), The Ocean Basins and Margins, vol. 6, The Indian Ocean, Plenum, New-York.
  5. ^ a b Pearlman, Jonathan (9 April 2014). "MH370 'may be found in days’ as ship picks up signals again". Telegraph.