Wheatland, Wyoming

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Wheatland, Wyoming
Town
Wheatland city limits
Wheatland city limits
Location of Wheatland, Wyoming
Location of Wheatland, Wyoming
Coordinates: 42°3′14″N 104°57′34″W / 42.05389°N 104.95944°W / 42.05389; -104.95944Coordinates: 42°3′14″N 104°57′34″W / 42.05389°N 104.95944°W / 42.05389; -104.95944
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Platte
Area[1]
 • Total 4.10 sq mi (10.62 km2)
 • Land 4.10 sq mi (10.62 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,751 ft (1,448 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,627
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,641
 • Density 884.6/sq mi (341.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 82201
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-83040[4]
GNIS feature ID 1609173[5]

Wheatland is a town in and the county seat of Platte County in southeastern Wyoming, United States.[6] The population was 3,627 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Before the late 19th century, the area around the future site of Wheatland was a flat, arid landscape with desert-like vegetation. In 1883 local rancher and judge Joseph Cary, along with Horace Plunkett, John Hoyt, Morton Post, Francis E. Warren, William Irvine, and Andrew Gilchrist, established the Wyoming Development Company. The company hoped to irrigate in the Wheatland Flats and profit from new development.[7]

By the fall of 1883 an irrigation system was constructed on the Wheatland flats including a 2,380 foot long tunnel to divert water for irrigation into Bluegrass Creek and the first two of the system's canals.[8] The Cheyenne and Northern Railway line reached the Wheatland flats in July, 1887, eventually extending to the Wyoming Central Railway at Wendover. Lots in the town of Wheatland were auctioned in 1894. By 1915 many farms were established in the irrigation district and the population of the flats was 5,277.[7]

In 1911 Platte County was created from a portion of Albany County, and Wheatland was selected as the county seat.[9] The Platte County Courthouse was built in Wheatland in 1917.

The Wheatland Irrigation District is still the largest privately owned irrigation system in the country.[10]

Geography[edit]

Wheatland is located at 42°3′14″N 104°57′34″W / 42.05389°N 104.95944°W / 42.05389; -104.95944 (42.053917, -104.959460).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.10 square miles (10.62 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 796
1920 1,336 67.8%
1930 1,997 49.5%
1940 2,110 5.7%
1950 2,286 8.3%
1960 2,350 2.8%
1970 2,498 6.3%
1980 5,816 132.8%
1990 3,271 −43.8%
2000 3,548 8.5%
2010 3,627 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,627 people, 1,657 households, and 974 families residing in the town. The population density was 884.6 inhabitants per square mile (341.5/km2). There were 1,879 housing units at an average density of 458.3 per square mile (177.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.1% White, 0.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 2.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.

There were 1,657 households of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the town was 45.4 years. 20.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 22.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,548 people, 1,539 households, and 980 families residing in the town. The population density was 837.6 people per square mile (323.1/km²). There were 1,764 housing units at an average density of 416.4 per square mile (160.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.00% White, 0.31% African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 1.89% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.54% of the population.

There were 1,539 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,208, and the median income for a family was $42,623. Males had a median income of $34,940 versus $20,185 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,069. About 6.9% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.9% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education in the town of Wheatland is provided by Platte County School District #1. Campuses serving the town include Libbey Elementary School (grades K-2), West Elementary School (grades 3-5), Wheatland Middle School (grades 6-8), and Wheatland High School (grades 9-12).

Climate[edit]

Wheatland experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Wheatland (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
74
(23)
81
(27)
90
(32)
98
(37)
106
(41)
107
(42)
103
(39)
101
(38)
90
(32)
81
(27)
76
(24)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 41.0
(5)
45.5
(7.5)
53.6
(12)
61.9
(16.6)
71.1
(21.7)
82.1
(27.8)
89.0
(31.7)
87.5
(30.8)
78.3
(25.7)
66.3
(19.1)
50.2
(10.1)
42.2
(5.7)
64.06
(17.81)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.6
(−1.9)
32.6
(0.3)
39.5
(4.2)
46.8
(8.2)
56.0
(13.3)
65.8
(18.8)
72.1
(22.3)
70.4
(21.3)
60.9
(16.1)
50.1
(10.1)
37.5
(3.1)
29.9
(−1.2)
49.18
(9.55)
Average low °F (°C) 16.1
(−8.8)
19.6
(−6.9)
25.4
(−3.7)
31.6
(−0.2)
40.8
(4.9)
49.5
(9.7)
55.1
(12.8)
53.2
(11.8)
43.4
(6.3)
33.8
(1)
24.7
(−4.1)
17.6
(−8)
34.23
(1.23)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−35
(−37)
−25
(−32)
−22
(−30)
13
(−11)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
35
(2)
12
(−11)
−9
(−23)
−18
(−28)
−39
(−39)
−39
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.22
(5.6)
.30
(7.6)
0.63
(16)
1.46
(37.1)
2.47
(62.7)
1.99
(50.5)
1.78
(45.2)
1.25
(31.8)
1.27
(32.3)
0.87
(22.1)
0.52
(13.2)
0.28
(7.1)
13.04
(331.2)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [12]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [13]

Steamboat[edit]

The bucking horse Steamboat, the model on the Wyoming license plate, was stabled near Wheatland in a barn owned and maintained as a historical structure by Mike and Linda Holst. Steamboat is also the logo for the University of Wyoming.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Registration, Wheatland Railroad Depot". United States Department of the Interior. 
  8. ^ Owens, Clyde. Studies in the Settlement and Economic Development of Wyoming. Annals of Wyoming, 1932. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 546-554.
  9. ^ Long, John H. (2006). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  10. ^ "Community Profile". Platte County Chamber of Commerce. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Monthly Averages for Wheatland, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 

External links[edit]