Wheeler Peckham Bloodgood
|Wheeler Peckham Bloodgood|
4 November 1871|
|Died||17 December 1930(aged 59)|
Wheeler Peckham Bloodgood (4 November 1871 - 17 December 1930) was a prominent American lawyer who was active in reforming antitrust legislation.
Wheeler Peckham Bloodgood was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States on 4 November 1871, son of Francis Bloodgood and Josephine M. Colt. He was a descendant of Francois Bloetgoet, a Dutch emigrant who had moved to Flushing, Long Island in 1658. His father and uncles were successful lawyers in Wisconsin. His oldest brother Francis Bloodgood Jr. also became a noted attorney in Milwaukee. His brother Joseph Colt Bloodgood (1 November 1867 - 22 October 1935) was to become an eminent surgeon.
Bloodgood's father had established a law firm with Wheeler Hazard Peckham in 1854, and he studied law in this office. He was admitted to the bar in 1894. He married Elizabeth Twombly Farrand on 14 September 1896.
In the 1912 National elections Bloodgood was the Wisconsin committee member for Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party. After the start of World War I Bloodgood became chairman of the Milwaukee Defense Council. He was one of the founders of the Wisconsin Loyalty League in the summer of 1917. The main purpose was to sell Liberty bonds and organize lectures about the war, but the league may have been involved in intimidation of people opposed to the war. In 1918 he founded the "Next of Kin" organization for people whose relatives were serving in the military. As leader of this organization, he demanded that the socialist mayor of Milwaukee, Daniel Hoan, should be indicted by the state for disloyalty. His organization called for the state to declare martial law, suppress dissent and punish or banish seditious people. In 1918 he advocated dropping the teaching of foreign languages in the Milwaukee schools.
Bloodgood was strongly opposed to integrating women, whom he felt were instinctively pacifist, into the War Department. He wrote "It has been my experience that almost invariably serious and difficult complications arise the moment women are given equal powers with men in connection with the direction of organization work that relates to the Citizen's Army," He said "The men of this country ... do not expect the women to take part in wars on the firing line... Until women are subject to military service on the same basis as men, they cannot expect and should not be given equal authority, either in organizations for preparedness, or in fighting units."
Bloodgood was a proponent of liberalization of antitrust legislation to protect workers and avoid chaotic competition, and in 1928 was made Chairman of the National Civic Federation (NCF) committee on antitrust. In New York in December 1929 he forcibly presented the argument for fundamentally changing the Sherman Antitrust Act. The time seemed ripe, with the Justice Department taking a stronger position on anti-trust violations and the economy in decline.
Bloodgood died of pneumonia on 17 December 1930.
- Oliver E Remey; Cochems, Henry F; Bloodgood, Wheeler P (1912). The Attempted Assassination of Ex-President Theodore Roosevethe Attempted Assassination of Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt (1912) LT (1912). Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 978-1-163-97160-4. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Currey 1922, p. 530.
- Hannan 2008, p. 38.
- Gregory 1931, p. 478.
- Cutter 1931, p. 72.
- Iowa. Secretary of State 1915, p. 357.
- Ciaccio 2011, p. 63.
- Walker 2008, p. 257-258.
- Delegard 2011, p. 198.
- Himmelberg 1993, p. 82.
- Himmelberg 1993, p. 111.
- Episcopal Church. Diocese of Milwaukee. Council 1930, p. 73.
- Ciaccio, Nichali M (August 2011). "Because It Had to Be: the Milwaukee Leader, Socialism and the First World War". Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Currey, Josiah Seymour (1922). "Wheeler Peckham Bloodgood". History of Milwaukee, City and County. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Delegard, Kirsten (2011-12-07). Battling Miss Bolsheviki: The Origins of Female Conservatism in the United States. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-4366-6. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Episcopal Church. Diocese of Milwaukee. Council (1930). Journal of the ... Annual Council of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Milwaukee. The Diocese. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Gregory, John Goadby (1931). "Wheeler Peckham Bloodgood". History of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Clarke Publishing Company. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Hannan, Caryn (2008-12-01). "BLOODGOOD, JOSEPH COLT". Wisconsin Biographical Dictionary. North American Book Dist LLC. ISBN 978-1-878592-63-7. Retrieved 2012-12-31.
- Himmelberg, Robert F. (1993). The Origins of the National Recovery Administration: Business, Government, and the Trade Association Issue, 1921-1933. Fordham Univ Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-1541-6. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Iowa. Secretary of State (1915). Official register. Iowa General Assembly. STANFORD:36105014095603. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Walker, William Ray (2008). Only the Heretics are Burning: Democracy and Repression in World War I America. ProQuest. ISBN 978-0-549-63415-7. Retrieved 2013-01-02.