|Westbound tunnel entrance|
|Location||Wheeling, West Virginia|
|Route||I‑70 / US 250|
|Work begun||August 22, 1963|
|Opened||December 7, 1966|
|Vehicles per day||59,600 (2009 AADT)|
|Length||0.27 mi (430 m)|
|Number of lanes||2 each|
|Operating speed||45 mph (72 km/h)|
Twin tunnels form the Wheeling Tunnel in Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia. The tunnels are 0.27 miles (430 m) long, cutting though Wheeling Hill, and each carries two lanes of Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 250. The tunnels originally took three years to construct, costing $6.9 million. Reconstruction of the tunnel, originally planned to take a total of 6 months, took over three years to complete between 2007 and 2010, at a cost of $13.7 million.
The Wheeling Tunnel sits between exits 1A and 1B on Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 250, which run concurrent through the city of Wheeling. The tunnel cuts through Wheeling Hill, and has two travel lanes in each tube. Due to the closeness of exit 1A to the western end of the tunnels, the tunnels' right lanes function as acceleration and deceleration lanes. Through traffic is restricted to the left lane in each tunnel and lane changes are prohibited.
The twin tunnels, which cost $6.9 million (equivalent to $53 million in 2014) to construct, are lined with a total of 13,000 square feet (1,200 m2) of industrial tile. Then governor William Wallace Barron, and the state roads commissioner broke ground on the tunnel on August 22, 1963, which he stated was the largest single construction project in the state's Interstate Highway program. The construction contract was awarded to C.J. Langenfelder & Son, Inc. located in Baltimore, Maryland. Several workers became ill after being exposed to high amounts of carbon monoxide fumes, which brought construction to a halt in 1964 until ventilation fans were installed. The tunnel officially opened to traffic on December 7, 1966.
Plans for the reconstruction of the tunnel were formed in 2005, with reconstruction work beginning in January 2007. Reconstruction of the tunnel was planned to take 3 months, but reconstruction of the eastbound tunnel, which was not totally completed, took over eleven months. After the issues with the reconstruction work, local politicians suggested closing the tunnels altogether, and to just build the freeway over Wheeling Hill, however after opposition from the NAACP and other groups, the suggestions were dropped. Completion of the eastbound tunnel reconstruction begin in July 2008, when the tiles were replaced for the first time with new tiles fabricated by a German tile manufacturer. The Division of Highways had to award the contract to the German company because no other company could complete the request within the time frame required. The original tiles were made by a now-defunct company based in Cleveland. During the second round of eastbound tunnel reconstruction, the westbound tunnel was also closed overnight for construction work. The eastbound tunnel reconstruction was completed on October 31, 2008. The westbound tube was closed in February 2010, and opened a month ahead of schedule in September 2010. The total cost of the project was over double the original bid, totaling $13.7 million, due to the delays.
- "Break Ground for Wheeling Tunnel". The Washington Observer (Washington, Pennsylvania). Associated Press. August 23, 1963. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Connors, Fred (March 12, 2007). "W.Va. Courts Tile Makers". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. Archived from the original on March 19, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- West Virginia Department of Transportation (2009) (PDF). I70 - Ohio to Pennsylvania (Map). http://www.transportation.wv.gov/highways/programplanning/preliminary_engineering/traffic_analysis/trafficvolume/interstatecounts/Documents/I70_to_PA_09.pdf. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Google Inc. "Wheeling Tunnel". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=wheeling,+wv&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=25.288195,56.513672&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Wheeling,+Ohio,+West+Virginia&ll=40.072029,-80.716681&spn=0.011888,0.027595&t=p&z=15. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Google Inc. "I-70 Westbound at western portal". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=wheeling,+wv&aq=&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=42.581364,107.138672&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Wheeling,+Ohio,+West+Virginia&ll=40.072472,-80.722558&spn=0.00126,0.00327&t=h&z=19&layer=c&cbll=40.072448,-80.722757&panoid=UODkDRHCCFcE8F8OkhTQKA&cbp=12,68.69,,0,-4.3. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- Cardelli, Renee; Cain, Jackie (August 28, 2006). "Local Candidate Pushes For Wheeling Tunnel Safety". WTOV-TV. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "Local Man is Among 14 Overcome by Fumes at Wheeling Tunnel Project". The Washington Observer - (Washington, Pennsylvania). Associated Press. July 24, 1964. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Echemann, Jerry (February 17, 2005). "Reaction to Wheeling Tunnel Renovations". WOWK-TV. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Connors, Fred (October 27, 2007). "Ready or Not, Tunnel to Open". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Connors, Fred (January 6, 2008). "Tunnel Removal Good Idea, But Not Feasible". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Connors, Fred (March 12, 2008). "NAACP Takes Issue With Tunnel Cut Plan". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- "Motorists Warned to Avoid Wheeling Tunnel". WHSV-TV. July 23, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- "Construction To Resume On Wheeling Tunnel Westbound Lanes". WOTV-TV. September 12, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Towne, Leigh Ann (October 31, 2008). "Eastbound Tube of Wheeling Tunnel to Open Friday". WTRF-TV. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Johnson, Jr., J.W. (February 2, 2010). "Tube Closed Until October". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- "Wheeling Tunnel to open Sept. 2". Charleston Daily Mail. Associated Press. August 28, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- "Answer Tunnel Cost Questions". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. June 26, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2011.