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Wheelock is a long village in the civil parish of Sandbach which is in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It is south of Sandbach on the road to Crewe. It was named after the River Wheelock.
Before its bypass was opened, among lorry drivers Wheelock was notorious for a vicious little hill running from the Trent and Mersey Canal bridge up to a bridge crossing over the North Staffordshire Railway near the junction with Zan Drive, particularly when winter weather made the road icy.
Zan Drive leads to a small industrial area named Zan Industrial Park.
Wheelock is currently serviced by a number of local business. The village currently has two public houses, The Cheshire Cheese and The Commercial Hotel, the former largest public house of the village; The Nags Head Hotel has now reopened as the Shampaan Indian restaurant. Along with the public houses, the village also has a Chinese takeaway and a fish and chip shop.
A small shop from which basic groceries can be purchased; and a large pet food store where all manner of foods and treats can be bought for a variety of animals also service the community.
A local farm has also converted their shop into a family day out. The business has been expanded to include an onsite café, and large children’s play area.
The village was named after the River Wheelock which runs through it, and in which Wheelock is derived from an Old Welsh source meaning "winding river". The first recorded name for the village is Hoileck/Hoiloch in the Domesday Book. By 1396 the name had evolved to Quelock then in 1382 to Whelock. Two years later, in 1384 it was Welock and by 1390 the name Wheelock was settled upon.
In 1801 the population was 189, by 1851 it was 548 and by 1901 it was 685.
The village was originally a township within the ancient parish of Sandbach, which formed part of Northwich Hundred. Later on it became part of Congleton Poor Law Union, Rural Sanitary District, and Rural District. Wheelock and surrounding land was made a separate civil parish in 1866, but in 1936 the civil parish was abolished, with the northern part (containing the village) being transferred to Sandbach Urban District and Sandbach civil parish, and the southern part (containing the hamlet of Wheelock Heath and surrounding farmland) being transferred to Haslington civil parish in Nantwich Rural District. Ecclesiastically, Wheelock lies in the Diocese of Chester, and a separate ecclesiastical parish was formed in 1840. It first formed part of Middlewich rural deanery, but since 1880 it has been part of Congleton rural deanery.
Wheelock first lay in the general Cheshire county parliamentary constituency until 1832, when it became part of the Cheshire Southern Division constituency. From 1867 until 1885 it was in the Cheshire Middle Division constituency, and from 1885 until 1948 it lay in the parliamentary constituency of Crewe.
From 1974 to 2009 Wheelock had some services administered by Cheshire County Council, and others by Congleton Borough Council. On 1 April 2009 both these local authorities were succeeded by Cheshire East Council, who are based at the former Congleton Borough headquarters are at Westfields in Sandbach. For the purposes of local government Wheelock is now administered by Sandbach Town Council as it is now part of Sandbach civil parish.
The village had previously been administered by Sandbach Urban District Council, until this was then merged with other urban and rural councils to form Congleton Borough Council in 1974.
Some of the churches in Wheelock have joined with the ecclesiastical parish of Sandbach and others to form the group Churches Together in Sandbach. This group helps bring the various denominational churches together. Wheelock has four churches
The following churches are in Wheelock
- Christ Church, Wheelock
- Wheelock Methodist Church
- Congregational Church, Wheelock
- Wheelock Primary School (formerly Wheelock County Primary School) Recently (as at 20 April 2007) children from the school have been out trying to stop vehicle drivers from speeding on Crewe Road into Sandbach.
- Edward Harwood (1729–1794) English classical scholar and biblical critic, preached at Wheelock
- Wallace Oakes (1932–1965) awarded the George Cross after a steam train accident, lived in Wheelock
Notes and references
- "Map showing Zan Drive". streetmap.co.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2007.
- Dodgson, J. McN. (1970a). page 38.
- Dodgson, J. McN. (1970b). page 274.
- "documentsonline". nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- "Wheelock history". wheelockgenealogy.org. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- "Wheelock". ukbmd.org.uk. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- Youngs, F. A. (1991). page 40.
- Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
- "Office Centralisation Programme". Retrieved 26 June 2008.
- "About". sandbach.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
- "They Work For You". Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- http://www.sandbachchurches.org.uk/members.html#c5 Retrieved 25 June 2008
- Wheelock County Primary School. www.wheelock.cheshire.sch.uk Retrieval Date: 26 May 2008.
- Dodgson, J. McN. (1970a). The place-names of Cheshire. Part one: Country name, regional and forest names, river names, road names, the place-names of Macclesfield hundred. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-07703-6.
- Dodgson, J. McN. (1970b). The place-names of Cheshire. Part two: The place-names of Bucklow Hundred and Northwich Hundred. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-07914-4.
- Youngs, F. A. (1991). Guide to the local administrative units of England. (Volume 1: Northern England). London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
Media related to Wheelock, Cheshire at Wikimedia Commons