Where Have All the Flowers Gone?
|"Where Have All The Flowers Gone?"|
|Music by||Pete Seeger|
|Lyrics by||Pete Seeger and Joe Hickerson|
"Where Have All the Flowers Gone?" is a folk song. The first three verses were written by Pete Seeger in 1955, and published in Sing Out! magazine. Additional verses were added by Joe Hickerson in May 1960, who turned it into a circular song. Its rhetorical "where?" and meditation on death place the song in the ubi sunt tradition.[better source needed] In 2010, the New Statesman listed it as one of the "Top 20 Political Songs".
The 1964 release of the song as a Columbia Records 45 single, 13-33088, by Pete Seeger was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2002 in the Folk category.
Seeger found inspiration for the song in October 1955, while on a plane bound for a concert in Ohio. Leafing through his notebook he saw the passage, "Where are the flowers, the girls have plucked them. Where are the girls, they've all taken husbands. Where are the men, they're all in the army." These lines were taken from the traditional Cossacks folk song "Tovchu, tovchu mak", referenced in the Mikhail Sholokhov novel And Quiet Flows the Don (1934), which Seeger had read "at least a year or two before".
Seeger adapted it to the tune of the Russian folksong "Koloda Duda" (which was subsequently published in Sing Out in 1962). With only three verses, he recorded it once in a medley on The Rainbow Quest album (Folkways LP FA 2454) released in July, 1960 and forgot about it. Joe Hickerson added verses four and five, and a repeat of verse one, in May 1960 in Bloomington.
The song appeared on the 1967 compilation album Pete Seeger's Greatest Hits released by Columbia Records as CS 9416.
- The Kingston Trio recorded the song in 1961. Believing it to be a traditional song, they claimed authorship, although upon notice from Seeger they had their name removed and credited Seeger and Hickerson. Their single, with "O Ken Karanga" as the A-side and the hit "Where Have All The Flowers Gone?" the B-side, reached #21 in the 1962 Billboard Hot 100 chart.
- Peter, Paul and Mary included the song on their eponymous debut album (which spent five weeks as the #1 album in the country) in 1962.
- Marlene Dietrich performed this song in English, French and German. The song was first performed in French (as "Qui peut dire où vont les fleurs?") by Marlene in 1962 at a UNICEF concert. She also recorded the song in English and in German, the latter titled "Sag' mir, wo die Blumen sind", with lyrics translated by Max Colpet. She performed the German version on a tour of Israel, where she was warmly received; she was the first person to break the taboo of using German publicly in Israel since WWII.
- Dalida also recorded the song in French as "Que sont devenues les fleurs?", in 1962 (Les Années Barclay, vol. 5, 1962).
- Jaap Fischer recorded the song in Dutch as "Zeg me waar de bloemen zijn" (single, B side of "Jan Soldaat",1963).
- The Searchers released their version on the album Meet The Searchers, released June 1963.
- Bobby Darin recorded the song on the Golden Folk Hits album on Capitol, 2007, which was released in November 1963.
- Roy Orbison recorded a version of the song which appears on the album The Connoisseur's Orbison.
- Eddy Arnold and The Needmore Creek Singers recorded the song on October 9, 1963 and released it on the Folk Song Book album released in January 1964.
- Vera Lynn recorded the song as the eleventh cut on her 1964 album "Among My Souvenirs".
- The Brothers Four recorded the song on their 1964 LP "More Big Folk Hits", Columbia Records, CL-2213.
- The Four Seasons recorded the song on their 1964 Philips album Born to Wander, PHM 200 129.
- Joan Baez included the number on her 1965 album Farewell Angelina.
- Johnny Rivers had a 1965 top 40 hit in the US with a folk rock version, reaching #26 on the Billboard Hot 100.
- Grady Martin released an instrumental version in 1965 on his Instrumentally Yours album.
- Harry Belafonte has made one recording of it at a benefit concert in Stockholm, Sweden, 1966 on the album BEL-1.
- Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs included the song on their 1968 album Changin' Times.
- Jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery recorded an instrumental version in his trademark style on the 1968 LP Road Song
- In 1969, Rufus Harley recorded a jazz instrumental version on his trademark bagpipes, but the track was never commercially released until it was included in his posthumously released limited edition collection Courage - The Atlantic Recordings in 2006.
- The Landsmen released the song as a 45 single on Arvee.
- Bill Anderson recorded the song on his eponymous 1971 album.
- American R&B band Earth, Wind & Fire covered the song on the 1972 album Last Days and Time.
- Richie Havens recorded the song in 1972.
- Hannes Wader recorded a German version as the final track for his 1982 album Daß nichts bleibt wie es war.
- A Russian version of the song was created in 1998 by Oleg Nesterov, a lead singer of Megapolis, and later performed in duet with Masha Makarova (Masha I Medvedi) in a music video.
- Olivia Newton-John recorded the song on her 2004 album Indigo: Women of Song.
- Country singer Dolly Parton has also recorded a rendition of the song, on her 2005 album Those Were the Days.
- Chris de Burgh has recorded a new version which is featured on his 2008 album Footsteps.
- The song was sung at the funeral of Harry Patch, the last British soldier of the First World War, in Wells Cathedral on August 9, 2009.
- The Folkswingers recorded an instrumental version of the song for their second album 12 String Guitar! Vol. 2.
- A Polish version was sung by Sława Przybylska (Polish title: "Gdzie są kwiaty z tamtych lat?")
- A Czech version of the song was also created and recorded by several popular artists, such as Judita Čeřovská, Marie Rottrová or Marta Kubišová
- A Chinese pop song 那些花兒 (All those flowers), performed by Christine Fan (范玮琪), uses the core lyrics of the song.
- A Croatian folk band Zlatni Dukati played this song during the war in their homeland in 1990's under the title "Iznad polja makova" ("Above the fields of poppy").
- A Scottish pop singer and songwriter Jimmy Sommerville made a piano version of the song on his 2009 album "Suddenly Last Summer"
- U2 performed a part of the song in concert on their 2011 U.S. U2 360° Tour.
- Kirsten Hasberg, of Kassel Germany, recorded a parody entitled, "Sag, die Energiewende, wo ist sie geblieben?" about the German transition to renewable energies and "energy democracy."
|English||Where have all the flowers gone?||Pete Seeger, The Kingston Trio, Peter, Paul and Mary|
|Esperanto||Ĉiuj floroj estas for||Duo Espera|
|German||Sag mir, wo die Blumen sind||Marlene Dietrich, Juliane Werding, Nana Mouskouri, Joan Baez, Lolita (Austrian singer), Hildegard Knef|
|Spanish||¿Dónde están las flores?||Rolando Alarcón|
|Czech||Řekni, kde ty kytky jsou||Judita Čeřovská|
|Croatian||Kamo je cvijeće otišlo?||Monia Verardi|
|Russian||Где цветы, дай мне ответ? Gde cvety, day mne otvet?||Oleg Nesterov, Masha Makarova|
|Dutch||Zeg me waar de bloemen zijn||Jaap Fischer|
|French||Que sont devenues les fleurs?||Marlene Dietrich, Dalida|
|Polish||Gdzie są kwiaty z tamtych lat?||Sława Przybylska|
|Turkish||Söyle Çiçekler nerde?||Oğuz Tarihmen|
|Finnish||Minne kukat kadonneet||Kukonpojat|
|Hebrew||איפה הפרחים כולם Eifo Haprachim Kulam||שלישיית גשר הירקון (Gesher Hayarkon Trio)|
|Irish||Cá bhfuil siad uainn, scoth na mbláth?||Feargal Ó Béarra|
|Hungarian||Hova tünt a sok virág?||Gerendás Péter|
|Italian||Dove andranno i nostri fiori?||Patty Pravo|
|Portuguese||Para onde foram todas as flores||Jarmila Ferreira Martins|
|Romanian||Unde au dispărut toate florile||Alexandru Constantinescu|
|Russian||Ты скажи мне, где цветы||Zhanna Bichevskaya|
|Slovenian||Kam so šle vse rožice||Tomaž Domicelj|
|Estonian||Kuhu küll kõik lilled jäid||Lindpriid|
|Japanese||花はどこへ行った? Hana wa doko e itta?||Kiyoshiro Imawano|
Grammy Hall of Fame
Pete Seeger's recording of his composition was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least 25 years old and that have "qualitative or historical significance."
|Pete Seeger: Grammy Hall of Fame Awards|
|Year Recorded||Title||Genre||Label||Year Inducted|
|1964||"Where Have All the Flowers Gone?"||Folk (single)||Columbia||2002|
- Seeger, Pete. "Where Have All the Flowers Gone". Sing Out! 11 (5).
- Hickerson, Joe (2009-2010). "The Songfinder". Sing Out! 53 (2): 76.
- Joe Hickerson. "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?". presentation to SEM (Society for Ethnomusicology), 50th Annual Meeting in Atlanta (quoted in thread). Mudcat.org. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- Smith, Ian K (25 March 2010). "Top 20 Political Songs: Where Have All the Flowers Gone". New Statesman. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
- Notes from: Where Have All the Flowers Gone - The Songs of Pete Seeger
- Dunaway, David King (2008). How Can I Keep From Singing? The Ballad of Pete Seeger, pp. 228-30. Random House, Inc. ISBN 0-345-50608-1.
- Where Have All the Flowers Gone? Second Hand Songs.
- The Kingston Trio time line. The single was released on December 18, 1961 by The Kingston Trio on Capitol Records as a 45 single, 4671. Source: Liner notes for The Kingston Trio: The Capital Years (Capitol Records CD7243 8 28498 2 7).
- "Marlene Dietrich, Actor / Singer". Answers.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
- Где цветы? - "Where have all the flowers gone?", Russian clip on YouTube
- Rekni kde ty kytky jsou - "Where have all the flowers gone?", Czech clip on YouTube
- 那些花儿 - "Where have all the flowers gone?", Chinese clip on YouTube
- U2gigs.com - U2 360° Tour 2009/2010/2011.
- Grammy Hall of Fame Database.
- Seeger, Pete; Blood, Peter (1993). Where have all the flowers gone : a singer's stories, songs, seeds, robberies (book ) (Biography). Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Sing Out!. pp. 166–169. ISBN 978-1-881322-01-6. OCLC 28150656.