Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? (game show)
||This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (March 2011)|
|Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?|
Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? title card for Season 1
|Developed by||Howard Blumenthal
|Directed by||Dana Calderwood (seasons 1-3)
Hugh Martin (seasons 4-5)
|Presented by||Greg Lee|
|Voices of||Barry Carl
|Theme music composer||Sean Altman
|Opening theme||"Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?" by Rockapella|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||5|
|No. of episodes||296 (1 unaired)|
|Executive producer(s)||Jay Rayvid
|Location(s)||Chelsea Studios, Manhattan (season 1)
Kaufman Astoria Studios, Queens (seasons 2–5)
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)|
|Audio format||Mono (Season 1)
Stereo (Seasons 2–5)
|First shown in||United States
|Original run||September 30, 1991– December 22, 1995 , reruns aired until October 4, 1996|
|Followed by||Where in Time Is Carmen Sandiego?|
|Related shows||Where on Earth Is Carmen Sandiego?|
Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? is an American children's television game show based on the Carmen Sandiego computer game series created by Brøderbund Software. The program aired on PBS from September 30, 1991 until December 22, 1995, and reruns of the series continued until October 4, 1996. Greg Lee hosted the program in the role of "The ACME Special Agent (renamed Senior Agent for Seasons 3–5) in charge of training new recruits." He was joined by Lynne Thigpen as "The Chief" and a capella performing group Rockapella, who served as the show's in-house band and comedy troupe. The series was recorded in New York City and coproduced by PBS stations WQED and WGBH. Howard Blumenthal, Dana Calderwood, and Dorothy Curley were the series' developers and Blumenthal served as the show's producer for its first four seasons.
The show was created partially in response to the results of a National Geographic survey that indicated Americans had alarmingly little knowledge of geography, with one in four being unable to locate the Soviet Union or the Pacific Ocean. Each episode consists of three contestants (typically 10–14 years of age) answering questions to determine the location of one of Carmen Sandiego's henchmen. The contestants are referred to as "gumshoes" throughout the program in reference to private detectives that are just starting out in the field. The program received the George Foster Peabody Award for excellence in 1993. The program's theme song, written by Sean Altman and David Yazbek, has maintained public awareness over the years. In 2001, TV Guide ranked the show at #47 on its list of 50 Greatest Game Shows of All Time. The article Louis' 5 Favorite YouTube Finds of 2012 argues that "there's been a gap in pop culture since Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? left the air."
Main characters 
The Chief 
The Chief was played by Broadway and television actress Lynne Thigpen as a comically no-nonsense figure with a strong sense of justice who spoke with dialogue that was riddled with puns, alliteration and other forms of word play. The Chief also has a great-grandmother, Agnes Acme, who is the founder of ACME. Agnes Acme was also played by Thigpen herself and is apparently deceased, though that didn't stop her from providing clues. The Chief proved popular and became a part of subsequent editions of the computer games. Thigpen reprised her role in the Time game show.
Greg Lee 
Although Greg Lee was referred to by his real name, he adopted a goofy yet amiable persona, often playing "Lucy" to Thigpen's "Desi" in various sketches. On the show, it was explained that he was a Special/Senior Agent in charge of training new recruits, but the show's continuity was very loose and the fourth wall was frequently (and intentionally) broken.
Featured crooks 
- Carmen Sandiego is the titular character appeared on the show, heard during a phone tap as she plotted with each episode's crook from her gang. The ultimate goal of the game was to capture her after the day's crook was jailed.
- The Contessa is a so-called criminal of style. The Contessa speaks with a distinctly Italian accent and her fashion incorporates styles from Milan. As her moniker implies, she considers herself to be near-royalty. The Contessa was dropped from the show after Season 1, but returned in Season 4 with her new appearance.
- Double Trouble are a pair of different-colored twins who mirror each other in a Yin and Yang fashion. They are international playboys and speak in a manner similar to Jack Nicholson.
- Eartha Brute is a muscle bound, slow-witted woman with a green beehive hairdo. Eartha wears a pink singlet uniform complete with weight belt that has the V.I.L.E. initials on the gold plate.
- Kneemoi is an alien from the planet Roddenberry with a round body and two tentacled arms. Kneemoi has a reputation on 93 planets as a space outlaw and is a pink ball of ectoplasm that can morph into any form she desires. Her name is a reference to Leonard Nimoy of Star Trek and her home planet is a reference to Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry. Kneemoi debuted in Season 2.
- Patty Larceny is a ditzy, blonde schoolgirl who has a rather cloyingly sweet and giggly personality. Carmen treats her as if she were her niece. Though Patty is a wanted thief, she is described as a kind and polite person. Patty wears an orange shirt, a green jacket, green skirt, and saddle shoes. Her name is a play on "petty larceny".
- RoboCrook is a cyborg parody of RoboCop who also appears in third version of the U.S.A. game. His real name as mentioned in the phone conversation with the winning sleuth during the 3rd and 4th seasons of the show is "RoboCrook Unit-059".
- Sarah Nade is a punk rock teenager with rainbow-colored hair who loves concerts and singing. Her name is a pun on the word "serenade". Sarah also appears in the computer game Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? Deluxe Edition. Sarah joined Carmen's gang in Season 3.
- Top Grunge is a large, smelly biker with flies hovering over his head. Grunge rides on a badly-tuned motorcycle that spits out smoke wherever he goes. His eyes are always covered by large sunglasses.
- Vic the Slick is a shrewd salesman in a loud polyester suit and an even louder tie with a seedy moustache, shifty eyes and slicked black hair. Vic often tries to hit on Carmen, giving her pet names such as "sweetheart" and "doll-face."
- Wonder Rat is a parody of superheroes, and wears a makeshift rat costume. In lieu of flying on his own, he is often strapped via a bungee cord to a flying helicopter. Wonder Rat debuted in Season 2.
In the program's opening, the three gumshoes are introduced, followed by Greg's entrance into the office where he meets the gumshoes for the first time. The Chief briefed the gumshoes on the crime and who committed it, often offering the crook's reasoning at the end of the briefing (examples: Vic the Slick steals Carmen Island as a gift for Carmen's birthday, Patty Larceny steals the Lascaux cave paintings so she can turn them in as her school art project and Wonder Rat steals the Kenyatta Conference Center so that he can make it the centerpiece of his resort, "Rat-lantic City".).
Round One 
Each gumshoe was given 50 "ACME Crime Bucks" to begin the round. Various live action, celebrity, musical, animated, and costumed comedy sketches were performed, each providing clues to a geographical location of the day's crook. Parodies of pop hits performed by Rockapella were also used as clues. After each clue was provided, a map with three possible locations was shown to the gumshoes, and each one chose an answer. 10 Crime Bucks were added to the gumshoe's score for each correct answer.
Lightning Round/The Chief's Office 
Partway through the round, a lightning effect played in the office signaling the start of the Lightning Round. Three questions, each with three choices, were asked to the gumshoes, all related to the area mentioned in the previous question. Buzzing in with the correct answer was worth 5 Crime Bucks. After the Lightning Round, Greg was called into the Chief's office for a brief conversation. This was used as a comedy break, during which the Chief and Greg would either announce that the gumshoe who captures Carmen would win a grand-prize trip (Seasons 1 and 2) or describe a home viewer contest in which viewers submitted the names and locations of the items stolen in four episodes for a chance to win a Carmen Sandiego t-shirt (Seasons 3-5).
The chief would often end this segment by telling Greg, (or anyone else in her office at the time) to "go away".
Training Exercise/Phone tap 
For the fifth and final season only, after Greg left the Chief's office, he conducted a Training Exercise with the gumshoes in the alley outside the office. In this game, the gumshoes each opened a trash can in front of them and sift through it to find a card. On each of the cards was a flag of the location in front and a clue on the back, and after all three clues were read, the first gumshoe that got their card and the lid back on their trash can got the first chance to answer. Whoever got the correct answer was given 10 Crime Bucks, and play moved back into the office afterwards.
As soon as play moved back into the office, the gumshoes were shown an animated scene where Carmen and the day's crook were talking to each other on the phone about the crime referred to as a Phone Tap. The clue in this case was based on the conversation between Carmen and her henchman, and was worth 10 Crime Bucks per usual.
The Chase/Final Clue 
Beginning in Season 2, there was a series of five questions known as "The Chase", introduced with a chase scene performed by Rockapella and/or various studio guests, and on rare occasions with the Chief. The Chase provided clues about locations that followed a path, indicating that the gumshoes were close on the trail. This round was played similar to the Lightning Round, where the gumshoes received 5 Crime Bucks for buzzing in and giving the correct answer.
For the final skit of the round, Greg shows the gumshoes the three locations before the clue was given. After that, the gumshoes were given some time to wager 0-50 Crime Bucks (in increments of 10) on the clue, then were given the clue. If the gumshoe answered correctly, their wager was added to their score. Otherwise, the amount of the wager was deducted from the score. The two highest scoring gumshoes continued on and followed the crook to the correct destination. In case of a tie for second place, Greg read clues related to a famous person or place. The first gumshoe to guess correctly earned 5 ACME crime bucks, and moved on to the next round. In case of a three-way tie, Greg read two questions before moving on.
Round Two 
Before the second round began, the Chief briefed the two remaining gumshoes where she described various landmarks in their final destination from the first round, in what was called a "Photo Recon".
Fifteen landmarks, including those shown during the Chief's briefing, were displayed on the board, and hidden behind three of them were the day's loot, a warrant to arrest the crook, and the crook him/herself. Behind the other 12 were shoe prints, which indicated nothing was there. Finding these ended a player's turn while finding the loot, warrant, or crook at any time enabled the player to continue choosing. However, the loot, warrant, and crook had to be found in that exact order in one turn in order for the crook to be captured. The highest scoring gumshoe from round one chose first -- or the winner of a coin toss if they tied -- and both of them continued taking turns until one found all three items in the right order, at which point the gumshoe won the game and threw the crook in jail. (In earlier episodes the gumshoe on the right side chose first.)
As each player located an item, Rockapella would 'sing' its name. Depending on what the loot was, as well as how many times it was called up, the band would sometimes use different humorous metaphors for each appearance. Other times, they would simply say "The Loot". "The Warrant" was always sung as is, and for each crook the band had a special way of singing their name. For example, Patty Larceny was always sung as "P-P-P-Patty".
If a gumshoe was able to find the loot, warrant, and crook in the right order on their first turn, he/she earned a chance to find a $100 savings bond hidden behind one of the 12 remaining landmarks. Gumshoe Ali Haider was the only one to do this, doing so early in the first season, but did not find the savings bond after five picks from the board.
Final Round – The Map 
In the final round, the winning gumshoe was given a chance to capture Carmen Sandiego. At the end of the second round, the gumshoe wrote down a destination in the continental United States (season 1) or North America (all subsequent seasons). Afterwards, the gumshoe received a phone call from the apprehended crook, who told the gumshoe where in the world to find Carmen. The Chief gave the gumshoe a list of 13 locations to which Carmen may have traveled.
Afterwards, play moved to a giant map that covered the studio floor-- either Asia, Africa, Europe, South America, or the United States. In Season 3, the U.S. map was replaced with North America. The map often contained small circles to represent cities. Beginning in Season 3 for North and South America and in Season 4 for all others, each map also featured arrows for bodies of water. (In addition, the North America map featured squares for national parks and monuments, and its small circles also represented islands, but these were seldom utilized.) The gumshoe was given 45 seconds (60 seconds on the Asia map in two Season 1 episodes) to correctly identify seven (eight after Season 1) locations. The gumshoe used several large markers with flashing siren lights on them. If a location was correctly identified, the light turned on and a siren went off. One incorrect guess per location was allowed, but a second forced the gumshoe to leave the marker on the board and return for the next location. If the gumshoe succeeded and captured Carmen, he/she won the trip. Otherwise, Carmen escaped and the gumshoe received various consolation prizes. Regardless of the outcome, the Chief promoted the gumshoe to a "sleuth."
In Season 1 when the Europe map was used, Greg read a description of the location before stating the location itself. He also did this in early episodes with the U.S. map, where instead of sirens, the markers used were flags of each state, and a correct guess produced 5 short bell sounds.
In the unaired episode "Auld Lang Gone," the winning gumshoe (Jasmine Doman) slipped and broke her arm on the map during the final round. Production stopped for a moment until the second-place finisher (Ed Mann) ran the map for her.
The show is noted for concluding with Greg complimenting the winning gumshoe on their work (regardless of the result), while reminding the contestant there was one more thing for them to do and "you know what it is": Greg, the sleuth, and the audience pointing and yelling "Do it, Rockapella!" into the camera. This signaled the group to begin their title song for the animated closing credits, which depicted members of Carmen's gang stealing the names of production staff members against a background resembling a notepad (for the final season a black backdrop with confetti was used). After the credits and in Season 2 (sometimes in Season 1), the audience was invited onto the map to dance and sing the theme song.
Afterwards, the Chief, who joined in the celebration from her office, stated: "This is Lynne Thigpen (speaking) for Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego?, and remember, (something funny in rhyme)," or instead of the rhyme, the Chief would say "See ya next time!" Before the camera faded, a disclaimer would appear on the screen reading, "All contestants have been briefed prior to their appearance." In Seasons 2 and 3, the Chief read the disclaimer aloud. Seasons 4 and 5 did not have the disclaimer.
Since the series was produced in the early 1990s when many new nations were formed and borders shifted, the recording date and an announcement that "all geographic information was accurate as of the date this program was recorded" were added to the end of each episode.
The grand prize was a trip to anywhere in the continental United States (season 1) or anywhere in North America (all subsequent seasons). For each trip, the winning sleuth, a parent, and a guest flew round-trip coach from New York City to the selected location. The sleuth spent one week at a luxury hotel chosen by the Chief. Later in Season 4, the sleuth stayed in the hotel of his or her choice. A rental car was included in Seasons 3–5. The sleuth also received extra money to add to the Crime Bucks as spending money.
- Season 1: $250
- Seasons 2–4: $500
- Season 5: $750 (later $1,000).
A total of 296 episodes over five seasons were recorded.
Original music and theme song 
|"Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?"|
|Song by Rockapella|
|Length||2:48 (Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?)
4:13 (In Concert)
5:44 (Live in Japan)
All of the music on the series was arranged and performed by the a cappella group, Rockapella. The music package included a popular theme song and short signature stings such as "Let's Get Packing" when the contestant won the grand prize. The full theme song was played over the final, animated credits as Greg invited the sleuth to look up and shout, "Do it, Rockapella!"
The show's main theme song was written by Sean Altman and David Yazbek, and performed by Rockapella as the studio audience danced to the music on the map. Rockapella's original recording appears on the 1992 soundtrack album Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? and Television's Greatest Hits Volume 7: Cable Ready (TVT 1996).
International versions 
Disney's Buena Vista Productions International (BVPI) co-produced the series in Germany with MDR in Chemnitz (formerly Karlmarxstadt) where it aired on national broadcaster ARD and was entitled Jagd um die Welt – Schnappt Carmen Sandiego! (Chase Around the World: Catch Carmen Sandiego!) in 1994 (example clip seen at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QZ74XWwMHV8). In the same year, BVPI also co-produced the Italian series in Naples with national broadcaster RAI, and the Spanish version - which was entitled Donde se esconde Carmen Sandiego - which was co-produced in Valencia with national broadcaster TVE (example clip seen at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ypTEMa5YbjI&feature=related). Canada's Télé-Québec produced a French language version called Mais, où se cache Carmen Sandiego? (But, Where is Carmen Sandiego Hiding?), which aired between 1995 and 1998 and stars Pauline Martin as "The Chief" and Martin Drainville as ACME Agent in Charge of Training New Recruits (example clip seen at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDX07pRNZJI&feature=related).
- Bernstein, Sharon (1991-09-30). "PBS Game Show Charts New Territory". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Rabinovitz, Jonathan (1991-10-06). "The Case of the Game-Show Ploy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Louis' 5 Favorite YouTube Finds of 2012". Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- Season 2, Episode 070. "A Carmen For Carmen or I Only Have Islands For You."
- Season 2, Episode 073. "The Cave Art Caper."
- Season 2, Episode 089. "The Ta-ta Kenyatta Cantata."
- Season 1, Episode 006. "The Gateway Getaway."
- Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? at TV.com
- Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? at the Internet Movie Database
- Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? at kyranthia
- Where In The World Is Carmen Sandiego? at seanaltman.com
- Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego at everything2.com
- Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego at tvrecaps
- Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego at sharetv