Whig Government 1830–34

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The Whig government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland that began in 1830 and ended in 1834 consisted of two ministries: the Grey Ministry and then the First Melbourne Ministry.

History[edit]

The first wholly Whig government since 1783 came to power after the Duke of Wellington's Tory government lost a vote of no confidence on 15 November 1830. The government, led by the Earl Grey, passed the Great Reform Act in 1832 and abolished slavery throughout the Empire in 1833. However, King William IV dismissed Grey’s successor Lord Melbourne in 1834 and asked Sir Robert Peel to form a government. Peel was out of the country at the time, so the Duke of Wellington formed a caretaker government.

Cabinets[edit]

The Earl Grey’s Cabinet, November 1830 – July 1834[edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM
First Lord of the Treasury
Leader of the House of Lords
The Earl Grey November 1830 – July 1834
Lord Chancellor The Lord Brougham November 1830 – July 1834
Lord President of the Council The Marquess of Lansdowne November 1830 – July 1834
Lord Privy Seal The Lord Durham November 1830 – April 1833
The Earl of Ripon April 1833 – June 1834
The Earl of Carlisle June 1834 – July 1834
Home Secretary The Viscount Melbourne November 1830 – July 1834
Foreign Secretary The Viscount Palmerston November 1830 – July 1834
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies The Viscount Goderich November 1830 – April 1833
Edward Smith-Stanley April 1833 – June 1834
Thomas Spring Rice June 1834 – July 1834
First Lord of the Admiralty Sir James Graham November 1830 – June 1834
The Lord Auckland June – July 1834
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Leader of the House of Commons
Viscount Althorp November 1830 – July 1834
President of the Board of Control Charles Grant November 1830 – July 1834
Chief Secretary for Ireland Edward Smith-Stanley June 1831 – March 1833
Postmaster-General The Duke of Richmond December 1830 – July 1834
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Holland November 1830 – July 1834
Paymaster of the Forces Lord John Russell June 1831 – July 1834
Secretary at War Edward Ellice June – July 1834
Minister without Portfolio The Earl of Carlisle November 1830 – June 1834

The Viscount Melbourne’s Cabinet, July 1834 – November 1834[edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM
First Lord of the Treasury
Leader of the House of Lords
The Viscount Melbourne July–November 1834
Lord Chancellor The Lord Brougham July–November 1834
Lord President of the Council The Marquess of Lansdowne July–November 1834
Lord Privy Seal Earl of Mulgrave July–November 1834
Home Secretary Viscount Duncannon July–November 1834
Foreign Secretary The Viscount Palmerston July–November 1834
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Thomas Spring Rice July–November 1834
First Lord of the Admiralty The Lord Auckland July–November 1834
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Leader of the House of Commons
Viscount Althorp July–November 1834
President of the Board of Trade
Treasurer of the Navy
Charles Poulett Thomson July–November 1834
President of the Board of Control Charles Grant July–November 1834
Master of the Mint James Abercromby July–November 1834
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests Sir John Hobhouse, Bt July–November 1834
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Holland July–November 1834
Paymaster of the Forces Lord John Russell July–November 1834
Secretary at War Edward Ellice July–November 1834

List of Ministers[edit]

Members of the Cabinet are indicated by bold face.

Office Name Date Notes
Prime Minister,
First Lord of the Treasury
and Leader of the House of Lords
The Earl Grey 22 November 1830 – 9 July 1834 The Government resigned 8 May 1832 and resumed 17 May 1832
The Viscount Melbourne 16 July 1834 – 14 November 1834  
Chancellor of the Exchequer Viscount Althorp 22 November 1830 also Leader of the House of Commons until 1834
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Thomas Spring-Rice 26 November 1830  
Francis Baring 6 June 1834
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Edward Ellice 26 November 1830  
Charles Wood 10 August 1832
Junior Lords of the Treasury The Lord Nugent 22 November 1830 – 22 November 1832  
Robert Vernon Smith 22 November 1830 – 14 November 1834
Francis Baring 22 November 1830 – 6 June 1834
Hon. George Ponsonby 22 November 1830 – 14 November 1834
Thomas Francis Kennedy 22 November 1832 – 9 April 1834
Robert Graham 9 April 1834 – 14 November 1834
George Byng 20 June 1834 – 14 November 1834
Lord Chancellor The Lord Brougham and Vaux 22 November 1830  
Lord President of the Council The Marquess of Lansdowne 22 November 1830  
Lord Privy Seal The Lord Durham 22 November 1830 created Earl of Durham 23 March 1833
The Earl of Ripon 3 April 1833  
The Earl of Carlisle 5 June 1834
The Earl of Mulgrave 30 July 1834
Secretary of State for the Home Department The Viscount Melbourne 22 November 1830  
Viscount Duncannon 19 July 1834
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Hon. George Lamb 22 November 1830  
Viscount Howick 13 January 1834
Edward Stanley 23 July 1834
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Viscount Palmerston 22 November 1830  
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Sir George Shee, Bt 26 November 1830  
Viscount Fordwich 13 November 1834
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies The Viscount Goderich 22 November 1830  
Hon. Edward Smith-Stanley 3 April 1833
Thomas Spring Rice 5 June 1834
Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Viscount Howick 23 November 1830  
Sir John Shaw-Lefevre 13 January 1834
Sir George Grey, Bt 16 July 1834
First Lord of the Admiralty Sir James Graham, Bt 22 November 1830  
The Lord Auckland 7 June 1834
First Secretary to the Admiralty Hon. George Elliot 29 November 1830  
Civil Lord of the Admiralty Henry Labouchere 8 June 1832  
President of the Board of Control Charles Grant 1 December 1830  
Secretary to the Board of Control Viscount Sandon 18 December 1830  
Thomas Hyde Villiers 18 May 1831
Thomas Babington Macaulay 19 December 1832
Robert Gordon 26 December 1833 – 14 November 1834 Joint Secretaries from 22 April 1834
James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie 22 April 1834 – 14 November 1834
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Holland 25 November 1830  
Chief Secretary for Ireland Hon. Edward Smith-Stanley 29 November 1830 entered the Cabinet 16 June 1831
Sir John Hobhouse, Bt 29 March 1833  
Edward Littleton May 1833  
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Marquess of Anglesey 4 December 1830  
The Marquess Wellesley 12 September 1833
Master of the Mint The Lord Auckland 14 December 1830  
James Abercromby 13 June 1834
Paymaster of the Forces Lord John Russell 16 December 1830 entered the Cabinet 16 June 1831; also Leader of the House of Commons 1834
Minister without Portfolio The Earl of Carlisle 22 November 1830 – 5 June 1834  
Postmaster-General The Duke of Richmond 11 December 1830  
The Marquess Conyngham 5 July 1834
President of the Board of Trade The Lord Auckland 22 November 1830  
Charles Poulett Thomson 5 June 1834
Vice-President of the Board of Trade Charles Poulett Thomson 22 November 1830  
Henry Labouchere 5 June 1834
Secretary at War Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn 30 November 1830  
Sir Henry Parnell, Bt 4 April 1831
Sir John Hobhouse, Bt 1 February 1832
Edward Ellice 6 April 1833 entered the Cabinet 20 June 1834
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests George Agar-Ellis 2 December 1830  
Viscount Duncannon 7 February 1831
Sir John Hobhouse, Bt 22 July 1834
Treasurer of the Navy Charles Poulett Thomson 30 November 1830  
Master-General of the Ordnance Sir James Kempt 11 December 1830  
Treasurer of the Ordnance Thomas Creevey 31 January 1831  
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance William Leader Maberly 12 January 1831  
Charles Richard Fox 30 November 1832
Clerk of the Ordnance Charles Tennyson 30 December 1830  
Thomas Francis Kennedy 8 February 1832
William Leader Maberly 30 November 1832
Andrew Leith Hay 19 June 1834
Storekeeper of the Ordnance Henry Duncan 30 December 1830  
Attorney General Sir Thomas Denman 24 November 1830  
Sir William Horne 26 November 1832
Sir John Campbell 1 March 1834
Solicitor General Sir William Horne 24 November 1830  
Sir John Campbell 26 November 1832
Sir Charles Pepys 25 February 1834
Sir Robert Rolfe 6 November 1834
Judge Advocate General Sir Robert Grant 24 November 1830  
Robert Cutlar Fergusson 19 June 1834
Lord Advocate Francis Jeffrey 3 December 1830  
John Murray 17 May 1834
Solicitor General for Scotland Henry Cockburn 3 December 1830  
Andrew Skene 5 November 1834
Attorney General for Ireland Edward Pennefather 23 December 1830  
Francis Blackburne 11 January 1831
Solicitor General for Ireland Philip Cecil Crampton 23 December 1830  
Michael O'Loghlen 21 October 1834
Lord Steward of the Household The Marquess Wellesley 23 November 1830  
The Duke of Argyll 11 September 1833
Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Duke of Devonshire 22 November 1830  
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Earl of Belfast 24 July 1830  
Master of the Horse The Earl of Albemarle 24 November 1830  
Treasurer of the Household Sir William Henry Fremantle 27 May 1826 continued in office
Comptroller of the Household Lord Robert Grosvenor 23 November 1830  
Captain of the Gentlemen Pensioners The (3rd) Lord Foley 8 December 1830  
The (4th) Lord Foley 1 May 1833 office renamed Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms 17 March 1834
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Marquess of Clanricarde 1 December 1830  
The Earl of Gosford 16 July 1834
Master of the Buckhounds The Viscount Anson 24 November 1830 created Earl of Lichfield 15 September 1831

References[edit]

  • C. Cook and B. Keith, British Historical Facts 1830–1900
Preceded by
Wellington Ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1830–1834
Succeeded by
Wellington Caretaker Ministry