Second Melbourne ministry

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Lord Melbourne

The Second Melbourne Ministry was formed in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland by the Viscount Melbourne in 1835.

History[edit]

Lord Melbourne's second government came to power after Sir Robert Peel's minority government resigned in 1835. Lord Palmerston returned as Foreign Secretary while Lord John Russell held his first major office as Home Secretary.

In 1837 Queen Victoria succeeded to the throne, and as was usual for a queen regnant, the Royal Household was appointed by the Prime Minister. The young Queen was so attached to her Whig ladies of the bedchamber that after Melbourne's resignation in 1839, she refused to let Sir Robert Peel replace them with Conservative ladies. This was known as the Bedchamber Crisis, and led to Peel's refusal to form a government. Melbourne therefore resumed, and continued in office until the Conservatives finally won a House of Commons majority in the General Election of 1841. He was succeeded by Sir Robert Peel's second government.

Cabinets[edit]

April 1835 – August 1839[edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM
First Lord of the Treasury The Viscount Melbourne April 1835 – August 1839
Lord Chancellor In Commission April 1835 – January 1836
  The Lord Cottenham January 1836 – August 1839
Lord President of the Council The Marquess of Lansdowne April 1835 – August 1839
Lord Privy Seal Viscount Duncannon April 1835 – August 1839
Home Secretary The Lord John Russell April 1835 – August 1839
Foreign Secretary The Viscount Palmerston April 1835 – August 1839
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies The Lord Glenelg April 1835 – February 1839
  The Marquess of Normanby February–August 1839
First Lord of the Admiralty The Lord Auckland April–September 1835
  The Earl of Minto September 1835 – August 1839
Chancellor of the Exchequer Thomas Spring Rice April 1835 – August 1839
President of the Board of Trade Charles Poulett Thomson April 1835 – August 1839
President of the Board of Control Sir John Cam Hobhouse, Bt April 1835 – August 1839
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests Viscount Duncannon April 1835 – August 1839
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Holland April 1835 – August 1839
Secretary at War Viscount Howick April 1835 – August 1839


Notes[edit]

August 1839 – September 1841[edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM
First Lord of the Treasury
Leader of the House of Lords
The Viscount Melbourne August 1839 – September 1841
Lord Chancellor The Lord Cottenham August 1839 – September 1841
Lord President of the Council The Marquess of Lansdowne August 1839 – September 1841
Lord Privy Seal Viscount Duncannon August 1839 – January 1840
  The Earl of Clarendon January 1840 – September 1841
Home Secretary The Marquess of Normanby August 1839 – September 1841
Foreign Secretary The Viscount Palmerston August 1839 – September 1841
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
Leader of the House of Commons
The Lord John Russell August 1839 – September 1841
First Lord of the Admiralty The Earl of Minto August 1839 – September 1841
Chancellor of the Exchequer Francis Thornhill Baring August 1839 – September 1841
President of the Board of Trade Henry Labouchere August 1839 – September 1841
President of the Board of Control Sir John Cam Hobhouse August 1839 – September 1841
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests Viscount Duncannon August 1839 – September 1841
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Holland August 1839 – October 1840
  The Earl of Clarendon October 1840 – June 1841
  Sir George Grey, Bt June–September 1841
Secretary at War Thomas Babington Macaulay August 1839 – September 1841
Chief Secretary for Ireland Viscount Morpeth August 1839 – September 1841


Notes[edit]

List of Ministers[edit]

Members of the Cabinet are indicated by bold face.

Office Name Date Notes
Prime Minister,
First Lord of the Treasury
and Leader of the House of Lords
The Viscount Melbourne 18 April 1835 – 30 August 1841 The Government resigned 7 May 1839 and resumed 10 May 1839
Chancellor of the Exchequer Thomas Spring Rice 18 April 1835  
Francis Baring 26 August 1839
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Hon. Edward Stanley 21 April 1835  
Sir Denis Le Marchant 19 June 1841
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Francis Baring 21 April 1835  
Robert Gordon 6 September 1839
Richard More O'Ferrall 9 June 1841
Junior Lords of the Treasury Lord Seymour 18 April 1835 – 2 November 1839  
William Ord 18 April 1835 – 18 July 1837
Robert Steuart 18 April 1835 – 26 May 1840
Richard More O'Ferrall 16 May 1835 – 28 August 1839
John Parker 18 July 1837 – 23 June 1841
Thomas Wyse 28 August 1839 – 30 August 1841
Henry Tufnell 2 November 1839 – 30 August 1841
Edward Horsman 26 May 1840 – 30 August 1841
Hon. William Cowper 23 June 1841 – 30 August 1841
Lord Chancellor in commission 23 April 1835  
The Lord Cottenham 16 January 1836
Lord President of the Council The Marquess of Lansdowne 23 April 1835  
Lord Privy Seal The Viscount Duncannon 23 April 1835  
The Earl of Clarendon 15 January 1840
Secretary of State for the Home Department Lord John Russell 18 April 1835 also Leader of the House of Commons
The Marquess of Normanby 30 August 1839
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Hon. Fox Maule 18 April 1835  
Lord Seymour 15 June 1841
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Viscount Palmerston 18 April 1835  
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Hon. William Fox-Strangways 18 April 1835  
Viscount Leveson 7 March 1840
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Charles Grant 18 April 1835 created Baron Glenelg 8 May 1835
The Marquess of Normanby 20 February 1839  
Lord John Russell 30 August 1839 also Leader of the House of Commons
Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Sir George Grey, Bt 18 April 1835  
Henry Labouchere 28 February 1839
Robert Vernon Smith 31 August 1839
First Lord of the Admiralty The Lord Auckland 22 April 1835  
The Earl of Minto 15 September 1835
First Secretary of the Admiralty Charles Wood 27 April 1835  
Richard More O'Ferrall 4 October 1839
John Parker 9 June 1841
Civil Lord of the Admiralty Lord Dalmeny 23 April 1835  
President of the Board of Control Sir John Hobhouse, Bt 23 April 1835  
Joint Secretaries of the Board of Control Robert Gordon 21 April 1835 – 30 September 1839  
Robert Vernon Smith 21 April 1835 – 30 September 1839
Lord Seymour 30 September 1839 – 15 June 1841
William Clay 30 September 1839 – 30 August 1841
Charles Buller 21 June 1841 – 30 August 1841
Chief Secretary for Ireland Viscount Morpeth 22 April 1835 entered the Cabinet 20 February 1839
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Earl of Mulgrave 29 April 1835  
Viscount Ebrington 13 March 1839
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Holland 20 February 1835  
The Earl of Clarendon 31 October 1840
Sir George Grey, Bt 23 June 1841
President of the Board of Trade Charles Poulett Thomson 18 April 1835  
Henry Labouchere 29 August 1839
Vice-President of the Board of Trade Henry Labouchere 6 May 1835  
Richard Lalor Sheil 29 August 1839
Hon. Fox Maule 28 June 1841
Secretary at War Viscount Howick 18 April 1835  
Thomas Babington Macaulay 27 September 1839
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests The Viscount Duncannon 28 April 1835  
Master of the Mint Henry Labouchere 25 April 1835  
Treasurer of the Navy Sir Henry Parnell, Bt 20 April 1835 office merged to become Paymaster-General 1 December 1836
Master-General of the Ordnance Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt 4 May 1835 created Baron Vivian 19 August 1841
Treasurer of the Ordnance Sir Henry Parnell, Bt 9 May 1835 office merged to become Paymaster-General 1 December 1836
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin 20 April 1835  
Charles Richard Fox 5 May 1841
Clerk of the Ordnance Andrew Leith Hay 20 April 1835  
James Whitley Deans Dundas 21 March 1838
George Anson 23 June 1841
Storekeeper of the Ordnance George Anson 25 April 1835  
James Hanway Plumridge 23 June 1841
Paymaster of the Forces Sir Henry Parnell, Bt 28 April 1835 office merged to become Paymaster-General 1 December 1836
Paymaster-General Sir Henry Parnell, Bt 27 April 1835  
Hon. Edward Stanley 19 June 1841
Postmaster-General The Marquess Conyngham 30 April 1835  
The Earl of Lichfield 22 May 1835
Attorney General Sir John Campbell 30 April 1835  
Sir Thomas Wilde 3 July 1841
Solicitor General Sir Robert Rolfe 4 May 1835  
Sir Thomas Wilde 2 December 1839
Judge Advocate General Robert Cutlar Fergusson 20 April 1835  
William St Julien Arabin 24 November 1838
Sir George Grey, Bt 15 February 1839
Richard Lalor Sheil 23 June 1841
Lord Advocate John Murray 20 April 1835  
Andrew Rutherfurd 20 April 1839
Solicitor General for Scotland John Cunninghame 22 April 1835  
Andrew Rutherfurd 9 February 1837
James Ivory 20 April 1839
Thomas Maitland 9 May 1840
Attorney General for Ireland Louis Perrin 29 April 1835  
Michael O'Loghlen 31 August 1835
John Richards 10 November 1836
Stephen Woulfe 3 February 1837
Nicholas Ball 11 July 1838
Maziere Brady 23 February 1839
David Richard Pigot 11 August 1840
Solicitor General for Ireland Michael O'Loghlen 29 April 1835  
John Richards 21 September 1835
Stephen Woulfe 10 November 1836
Maziere Brady 3 February 1837
David Richard Pigot 11 February 1839
Richard Moore 14 August 1840
Lord Steward of the Household The Duke of Argyll 23 April 1835  
The Earl of Erroll 21 November 1839
Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Marquess Wellesley 23 April 1835  
The Marquess Conyngham 22 May 1835
Earl of Uxbridge 6 May 1839
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Lord Charles FitzRoy 29 June 1835  
Earl of Belfast 27 April 1838
Master of the Horse The Earl of Albemarle 25 April 1835  
Treasurer of the Household Sir William Henry Fremantle 27 May 1826 continued in office
Earl of Surrey 17 July 1837  
Hon. George Byng 23 June 1841
Comptroller of the Household Hon. George Byng 6 May 1835  
Lord Marcus Hill 23 June 1841
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Lord Foley 6 May 1835  
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Earl of Gosford 23 April 1835  
The Earl of Ilchester 5 August 1835
Earl of Surrey 6 July 1841
Master of the Buckhounds The Earl of Erroll 30 April 1835  
The Lord Kinnaird 21 December 1839
Mistress of the Robes The Duchess of Sutherland 29 August 1837  
Lords in Waiting The Marquess of Headfort 17 July 1837 – 30 August 1841  
The Marquess of Queensberry 17 July 1837 – 30 August 1841
The Viscount Falkland 17 July 1837 – 4 February 1840
The Viscount Torrington 17 July 1837 – 30 August 1841
The Lord Byron 17 July 1837 – 31 March 1860 (permanent)
The Lord Gardner 17 July 1837 – 1 July 1840  
The Lord Lilford 17 July 1837 – 30 August 1841
The Lord Templemore 17 July 1837 – 26 September 1837
Earl of Uxbridge 11 October 1837 – 6 May 1839
The Earl of Fingall 11 December 1837 – 30 August 1841
The Earl of Listowel 4 February 1840 – 30 August 1841
Earl of Aboyne 1 July 1840 – 30 August 1841

References[edit]

  • C. Cook and B. Keith, British Historical Facts 1830–1900
Preceded by
First Peel Ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1835–1841
Succeeded by
Second Peel Ministry