Whip It (Devo song)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
|Single by Devo|
|from the album Freedom of Choice|
|B-side||"Snowball", "Turn Around"|
|Released||August 13, 1980|
|Format||Vinyl record (7")|
|Genre||New wave, synthpop|
|Length||2:37 (EP 3:43)|
|Writer(s)||Gerald Casale, Mark Mothersbaugh|
|Devo singles chronology|
It appears on the album Freedom of Choice. There were two 7" single releases of "Whip It", one backed with a remix of the track "Snowball" (which appears on Freedom of Choice) and one backed with "Turn Around" (a song later covered by Nirvana). "Whip It" was Devo's biggest hit, peaking at #14 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, number 11 on the Canadian Singles chart, and number 77 on the Australian Singles chart.
It is ranked number 62 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the '80s as well as number 15 on the same channel's 100 Greatest One Hit Wonders of the '80s.
"Whip It" is built on a motorik beat, similar to tracks by Neu!. The lead instrument is a Minimoog synthesizer. The bass is performed with a custom six oscillator synthesizer, custom made by Moog Music for Devo. The whip sound was made with an EML ElectroComp 500 synthesizer. On an episode of the VH1 show TrueSpin, Gerald Casale revealed that the lead guitar riff from "Whip It" is based on the riff from "Oh, Pretty Woman" by Roy Orbison with the beat moved to the back.
Gerald Casale told Songfacts that the lyrics were written by him "as an imitation of Thomas Pynchon's parodies in his book Gravity's Rainbow." The lyrics evoke a working class desire to pull oneself up and to overcome adversity. The song has violent undertones, and Devo has often described it as about Jimmy Carter, as Mothersbaugh describes in an interview on To The Best of our Knowledge. However, many people took the lyrics at face value, interpreting the song as a paean to masturbation and sadomasochism, or a reference to inhaling nitrous oxide from whipped cream cans (taken from the name "whip-it", used to describe the nitrous chargers for whipped cream dispensers).
Promotion and release
"Whip It" debuted at a live concert on December 29, 1979 in Santa Cruz, California. The first performance included a synthesizer solo taken from the early Devo song "Chango." This performance was recorded and is available as a bootleg. A demo version was recorded in 1980 and later released in 2000 on the compilation Recombo DNA released by Rhino Handmade.
Devo funded the music video for "Whip It" with $15,000 USD of their own money. The main visual of the video, Mark Mothersbaugh whipping the clothes off a woman, was inspired by an article in a 1962 issue of "Dude" magazine. In an interview for Songfacts, Casale explains "There was a feature article on a guy who had been an actor and fell on hard times, he wasn't getting parts anymore. He moved with his wife to Arizona, opened a dude ranch and charged people money to come hang out at the ranch. Every day at noon in the corral, for entertainment, he'd whip his wife's clothes off with a 12-foot bullwhip. She sewed the costumes and put them together with Velcro. The story was in the magazine about how good he was and how he never hurt her. We had such a big laugh about it, we said, 'OK, that's the basis for the video. We'll have these cowboys drinking beer and cheering Mark on as he's in the barnyard whipping this pioneer woman's clothes off while the band plays in the corral.'"
In the video, Devo wears black, sleeveless turtlenecks, and their famous Energy Dome headgear. When the video begins, all the members, except for Mark Mothersbaugh, wear the turtlenecks pulled over their faces. During the performance, each member lowers the turtleneck. Robert Mothersbaugh ("Bob 1") plays a Gibson Les Paul with an inverted horn, Robert Casale ("Bob 2") plays a red Rheem Kee Bass, and Alan Myers plays a set of Synare 3 drum synthesizers.
Not surprisingly, the S&M overtones of the video caused controversy. Devo was cut from a January 30, 1981 appearance on the television show The Midnight Special (TV Series) hosted by Lily Tomlin. After viewing the video Tomlin deemed it offensive to women, and according to Jerry Casale, "She promptly cancelled us off the special, she said she wouldn't go on if Devo was on her show." Despite this, "Whip It" received heavy rotation on MTV after its introduction in 1981.
The video was featured in the 2005 video game Dance Dance Revolution Ultramix 3.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
"Whip It" was covered by The Del Rubio Triplets, and they perform their version in the Sliders TV series episode "The King Is Back" (season 1, episode 9, 1995).
In 1996 the musician Moby released a rock version of the song as a 7" B-Side and called it a 'death metal version'.
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||77|
|Canada (RPM 50 Singles)||11|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||11|
|UK (Official Charts Company)||51|
|US Billboard Hot 100||14|
|US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play1 ||8|
- 1 - With "Gates of Steel" and "Freedom of Choice".
- Steve Huey. "Whip it review on Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 22, 2013. ""Whip It" (...) remains Devo's signature song, as well as one of the best arguments that punk ideology didn't necessarily lose its bite when placed in the more pop-oriented musical context of new wave."
- Pierre Perrone (July 6, 2013). "Alan Myers: Drummer with art-rockers DEVO". The Independent. Independent.co.uk. Retrieved July 22, 2013. "Devo (...) went on to score unlikely but influential hits on both sides of the Atlantic, most famously in 1980 with the synth-pop classic “Whip It”."
- bulion. "Forum - ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts - CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". ARIA. Australian-charts.com. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- "Whip It". Songfacts.com. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- "1995 Gerry Casale Interview Part 6". YouTube.com. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "Top Singles - Volume 34, No. 7, January 24 1981". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "Charts.org.nz – Devo – Whip It". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- "Devo". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Freedom of Choice awards at Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 29, 2013.