Whip It (Devo song)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
|Single by Devo|
|from the album Freedom of Choice|
|Released||August 13, 1980|
|Format||Vinyl record (7")|
|Length||2:37 (EP 3:43)|
|Devo singles chronology|
"Whip It" is a 1980 single by the American new wave band Devo. It appears on the album Freedom of Choice. There were two 7" single releases of "Whip It", one backed with a remix of the track "Snowball" (which appears on Freedom of Choice) and one backed with "Turn Around" (a song later covered by Nirvana). "Whip It" was Devo's biggest hit, peaking at no. 14 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, no. 11 on the Canadian Singles chart, and no. 77 on the Australian Singles chart.
It is ranked number 62 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the '80s as well as number 15 on the same channel's 100 Greatest One Hit Wonders of the '80s.
"Whip It" is built on a motorik beat, similar to tracks by Neu!. The lead instrument is a Minimoog synthesizer. The bass is performed with a custom six oscillator synthesizer, custom made by Moog Music for Devo. The whip sound was made with an EML ElectroComp 500 synthesizer. On an episode of the VH1 show TrueSpin, Gerald Casale revealed that the lead guitar riff from "Whip It" is based on the riff from "Oh, Pretty Woman" by Roy Orbison with the beat moved to the back.
Gerald Casale told Songfacts that the lyrics were written by him "as an imitation of Thomas Pynchon's parodies in his book Gravity's Rainbow." The lyrics evoke a working class desire to pull oneself up and to overcome adversity. The song has violent undertones, and Devo has often described it as about Jimmy Carter, as Mothersbaugh describes in an interview on To The Best of our Knowledge. However, many people took the lyrics at face value, interpreting the song as a paean to masturbation and sadomasochism, or a reference to inhaling nitrous oxide from whipped cream cans (taken from the name "whip-it", used to describe the nitrous chargers for whipped cream dispensers).
Promotion and release
"Whip It" debuted at a live concert on December 29, 1979, in Santa Cruz, California. The first performance included a synthesizer solo taken from the early Devo song "Chango." This performance was recorded and is available as a bootleg. A demo version was recorded in 1980 and later released in 2000 on the compilation Recombo DNA released by Rhino Handmade.
Devo funded the music video for "Whip It" with $15,000 USD of their own money. The main visual of the video, Mark Mothersbaugh whipping the clothes off a woman, was inspired by an article in a 1962 issue of "Dude" magazine. In an interview for Songfacts, Casale explains "There was a feature article on a guy who had been an actor and fell on hard times, he wasn't getting parts anymore. He moved with his wife to Arizona, opened a dude ranch and charged people money to come hang out at the ranch. Every day at noon in the corral, for entertainment, he'd whip his wife's clothes off with a 12-foot bullwhip. She sewed the costumes and put them together with Velcro. The story was in the magazine about how good he was and how he never hurt her. We had such a big laugh about it, we said, 'OK, that's the basis for the video. We'll have these cowboys drinking beer and cheering Mark on as he's in the barnyard whipping this pioneer woman's clothes off while the band plays in the corral.'"
In the video, Devo wears black, sleeveless turtlenecks, and their famous Energy Dome headgear. When the video begins, all the members, except for Mark Mothersbaugh, wear the turtlenecks pulled over their faces. During the performance, each member lowers the turtleneck. Robert Mothersbaugh ("Bob 1") plays a Gibson Les Paul with an inverted horn, Robert Casale ("Bob 2") plays a red Rheem Kee Bass, and Alan Myers plays a set of Synare 3 drum synthesizers.
Not surprisingly, the S&M overtones of the video caused controversy. Devo was cut from a January 30, 1981 appearance on the television show The Midnight Special hosted by Lily Tomlin. After viewing the video Tomlin deemed it offensive to women, and according to Jerry Casale, "She promptly cancelled us off the special, she said she wouldn't go on if Devo was on her show." Despite this, "Whip It" received heavy rotation on MTV after its introduction in 1981.
The video was featured in the 2005 video game Dance Dance Revolution Ultramix 3.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
- "Whip It" was covered by The Del Rubio Triplets, and they perform their version in the Sliders TV series episode "The King Is Back" (season 1, episode 9, 1995).
- In 1996, the musician Moby released a rock version of the song as a 7" B-Side and called it a 'death metal version'.
- Korn guitarist Brian "Head" Welch's group, Love and Death, performed a cover of "Whip It" on their premier EP, Chemicals, as well as their debut album, Between Here & Lost.
- Scottish grindcore band Take a Worm for a Walk Week covered the song on their 2008 release "The Monroe Transfer".
- A parody of the song entitled "Wish It" was featured in commercials for merchandise from The Fairly OddParents in 2003.
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||77|
|Canada Top Singles (RPM)||11|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||11|
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||51|
|US Billboard Hot 100||14|
|US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play1 ||8|
|US Cash Box||13|
|US Record World||17|
- 1 - With "Gates of Steel" and "Freedom of Choice".
- Nagy, Evie (June 19, 2010). "How To Get Ahead With Advertising". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 122 (24): 21. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Perrone, Pierre (July 6, 2013). "Alan Myers: Drummer with art-rockers DEVO". The Independent. Retrieved July 22, 2013. "Devo (...) went on to score unlikely but influential hits on both sides of the Atlantic, most famously in 1980 with the synth-pop classic “Whip It”."
- "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- "Whip It by Devo". Songfacts. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- "Gerry Casale Interview Part 6.mov". YouTube. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "RPM Top Singles." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "Charts.org.nz – Devo – Whip It". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- "Devo" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Freedom of Choice – Awards at Allmusic". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending NOVEMBER 22, 1980 at the Wayback Machine (archived September 13, 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Artist-D at the Wayback Machine (archived August 20, 2009). Record World. Geocities.com. Retrieved June 17, 2014.