Whirlpool (1949 film)

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Whirlpool
Whirlpool1949.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Otto Preminger
Produced by Otto Preminger
Screenplay by Ben Hecht
Andrew Solt
Based on the novel Methinks the Lady 
by Guy Endore
Starring Gene Tierney
Richard Conte
José Ferrer
Charles Bickford
Music by David Raksin
Cinematography Arthur C. Miller
Edited by Louis R. Loeffler
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release dates
  • November 28, 1949 (1949-11-28) (United States)
Running time 98 minutes
Country United States
Language English

Whirlpool is a 1949 thriller film noir directed by Otto Preminger and written by Ben Hecht and Andrew Solt, adapted from Guy Endore's novel Methinks the Lady. The film stars Gene Tierney, Richard Conte, José Ferrer and Charles Bickford, and features Constance Collier in her final film role.[1] Due to anti-British statements Hecht had recently made regarding their involvement in Israel, UK prints of the film replaced his credit with a pseudonym, Lester Barstow.

The drama combines psychological thriller (the heroine is controlled by a murderous hypnotist) with melodrama, as the central character's marriage is threatened.

Four years later, Conte starred in The Blue Gardenia, which has a strikingly similar plot, but replaces the psycho-analysis angle with a more straight-forward procedural storyline.

Plot[edit]

Ann Sutton (Gene Tierney), the wife of a successful psychoanalyst (Richard Conte), is arrested for shoplifting. Ann is saved from scandal by smooth-talking hypnotist David Korvo (José Ferrer).

Korvo is not what he seems to be, and Ann soon finds herself involved in blackmail and murder. She is unsure whether or not she committed a crime. Her distant but loyal husband stands up for her and eventually sets up the hypnotist, whom he believes is behind all the misdeeds.

Cast[edit]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

The staff at Variety magazine liked the film and wrote, "Whirlpool is a highly entertaining, exciting melodrama that combines the authentic features of hypnosis. Ben Hecht and Andrew Solt have tightly woven a screenplay [from a novel by Guy Endore] about the effects of hypnosis on the subconscious, but they, and Otto Preminger in his direction, have eliminated the phoney characteristics that might easily have allowed the picture to slither into becoming just another eerie melodrama."[2]

While film critic Bosley Crowther gave the film a mixed review, he still appreciated the acting, and wrote, "Yet, as we say, this flapdoodle, written by Ben Hecht and Andrew Solt from a novel by Guy Endore, has been handsomely produced and played by a cast which is distinguished by José Ferrer in its midst. Mr. Ferrer, the Broadway champion, is the smooth and piercing villain of the piece who mouths Mr. Hecht's silken phrases with acid savor and burns folks with his eyes. Furthermore, haughty Gene Tierney plays the lady who is slightly off the track and Charles Bickford and Richard Conte are the detective and the husband, respectively. All together, along with several others, they labor to cast a spell. But their efforts are bleakly artificial. You'd better see this one in a state of trance."[3]

The UK's Channel 4, as well, gave the film a mixed review, but lauded the screenplay and direction. They wrote, "All this is fairly ridiculous and the plot is full of implausible twists, not to mention daft theories. Luckily, Tierney carries the role of the innocent beauty with ease and has a particularly good line in gliding around blank-faced as if under hypnosis – and in showing her character's subsequent distraught confusion. Conte is stiff and wooden – but no more so than his formal man-of-science role requires, while Ferrer is a compelling cartoon villain. Hecht's dialogue is as snappy as ever, and Preminger cranks up the tension with consummate skill, building towards a dramatic and satisfying conclusion."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whirlpool at the Internet Movie Database.
  2. ^ Variety. Film review, 1949. Last accessed: February 6, 2008.
  3. ^ Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, January 14, 1950. Last accessed: February 6, 2008.
  4. ^ Channel 4. Film review, 2008. Last accessed: February 6, 2008.

External links[edit]