Whisker (horse)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Whisker
Whisker.jpg
Whisker by John Frederick Herring, Sr., c. 1820.
Sire Waxy
Grandsire Pot-8-Os
Dam Penelope
Damsire Trumpator
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1812
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Colour Bay
Breeder Duke of Grafton
Owner 1) Duke of Grafton
2) Lord Darlington
Trainer Robert Robson
Record 20: 9-4-2
Major wins
Epsom Derby (1815)
Port Stakes (1816)

Whisker (1812 – 11 March 1832) was a Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1815 Epsom Derby and was a full-brother of the 1810 winner Whalebone. Whisker raced until he was a six-year-old, but did not race in 1817. Whisker was retired to stud in 1819, where he became a successful and influential sire. The offspring of Whisker and Whalebone continued the sire-line of Eclipse into the 20th century.

Background[edit]

Whisker was bred by the Duke of Grafton and was foaled in 1812 at his Euston Hall stud farm near Newmarket. Whisker was sired by the 1793 Epsom Derby winner Waxy out of the mare Penelope (foaled in 1798), both owned by the Duke. As a racehorse, Penelope was a contemporary of the 1801 Derby-winning filly Eleanor, beating her several times, and was half-sister to 1809 Derby winner Pope and the mares Pope Joan (both sired by Waxy), Parasol (Partisan's dam) and Prudence.[1] Penelope was a prolific and influential broodmare, producing eight full-siblings to Whisker that achieved success on the turf. She produced 13 foals between 1806 and 1823, all with names beginning with the letter W. Whisker was her seventh foal and his full-siblings include Whalebone (the 1810 Derby winner), Web, Woful, Wilful, Wire, Wildfire and Windfall. Penelope died in 1824.[2]

The racing commentator "The Druid" described Whisker's physique "as near perfection as a horse could be"[3][4] and his only fault was that he was "a little calf-kneed" but was "equally likely to get a racer, hunter, machiner or a hack."[5] Whisker has been lauded as the "handsomest" of Waxy's offspring[6] and his appearance was described more favorably than his brother Whalebone, who was short and had a "Turkish pony-look."[7] All of Waxy's offspring reportedly inherited "short legs, high-bred nostrils and very prominent eyes"[8] with Whisker inheriting his sire's "beautiful quarters."[9]

Racing career[edit]

Whisker was trained by Robert Robson at his facility in Newmarket. Robson trained seven Derby winners over his 30-year career, including Whisker's brother Whalebone and his sire Waxy. Whisker did not race as a two-year-old.[10] Whisker won nine races over his three-year racing career. Whisker did not race in 1817, returning to the turf in the spring of 1818,[11] and was retired to stud at the end of the 1818 racing season.

1815: three-year-old season[edit]

At the Craven Meeting in April, Whisker received forfeitures from the Duke of Rutland's unnamed filly sired by Selim (who had died)[12] and from Lord Darlington's unnamed colt sired by Selim,[13] and a few days later received a 50-guinea[3] forfeiture from an unnamed colt sired by Orville (later named Dinmont).[14] At the First Spring Meeting at Newmarket, Whisker was unplaced in the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, which was won by the colt Tigris.[15] The next day, Whisker finished second in the Newmarket Stakes to Lord Lowther's colt Busto.[16]

On 25 May at Epsom, Whisker started in the Derby Stakes against twelve other horses.[17] At the start of the race, General Gower's colt Busto "made severe play," taking the lead after Tattenham Corner and remaining the frontrunner until "within two-hundred yards of the Ending-Post"[18] when he was overtaken by his stablemate Raphael. Raphael maintained the lead in the stretch until "the last two or three strides" when Whisker (ridden by Tom Goodisson) "came up and won by about half a head."[18] The finish was a close contest between the three frontrunners with the other ten contenders "beat a long way."[18] Raphael finished in second place with Busto crossing the finish third but not officially placed. Raphael's jockey, Jackson, who was said to have ridden with "masterly style" was "thrown off" Raphael soon after crossing the finish line.[18] The Sporting Magazine asserted that the running "had given satisfaction to all experienced judges on the Turf."[18]

At the October Meeting at Newmarket, Whisker was unplaced in the St. Leger Stakes which was won by Mr. Payne's colt Quinola.[19] On 16 October, Whisker won 200 guineas after he defeated the colt Equator in a mile-long match race held at Newmarket.[20] Whisker withdrew from the Oatlands Stakes held a few days later, paying 10 guineas forfeit.[21] At the same meeting, Whisker beat Mr. Shakespear's colt Donkey in a match race at 10 to 1 odds,[22] but he lost a match race to Mr. Neville's colt Sir Joshua a few days later.[23]

1816: four-year-old season[edit]

At the Craven Meeting in April, Whisker won the 100-guinea Port Stakes, beating the colt Equator.[24] At Newmarket on 29 April, Whisker beat Lord Darlington's colt Paulus in a mile-long match race, winning 200 guineas.[25] In May at Newmarket, Whisker beat the colt Sir Joshua in a 300-guinea match race.[26] Whisker finished fourth in a 200-guinea sweepstakes race, losing to the horse Bourbon and the colts Sir Thomas and Quinola.[27] On 14 October, Whisker received 70 guineas from Lord Darlington after his horse Paulus backed out of a match race.[28] Whisker was sold to Lord Darlington at Newmarket. A few weeks later running in Lord Darlington's name, Whisker was beaten in a match race by his former rival Equator at the Houghton Meeting.[29] A few days later, Whisker won the Handicap Sweepstakes, beating the filly Duenna and the colts Fandango and Equator.[30]

1818: six-year-old season[edit]

Whisker did not run in 1817 and made his first appearance on 13 April 1818 at the Craven Meeting (still listed as a five-year-old) in the Craven Stakes, for which he ran unplaced in a 22 horse field.[11] At Newmarket, Whisker was third in the Fifty Pound subscription stakes, losing to the four-year-old colt Skim and the horse Fugitive.[31] A few days later, Whisker beat Lord Cavendish's colt Little Dick in a 200-guinea match race.[32] Whisker received 200 guineas forfeiture from the horse Cannonball on 11 May at Newmarket.[33] The next day, Whisker finished third in a handicap race, losing to the colt Merrymaker and the filly Leopoldine (the full-sister to 1816 Derby winner Prince Leopold).[34] At the same meeting, Whisker beat Mr. Prince's colt Manfred in a match race and a few hours later finished fifth (unplaced) in a 50-guinea Cup race won by The Flyer.[35] In his last career start, Whisker was beaten in a match race by the colt The Student at the October Newmarket meeting.[36] Whisker was retired to stud at the end of the racing season.

Stud career[edit]

Whisker was retired to stud for the 1819 breeding season, first standing at Morton near Northallerton for 15 guineas per mare.[37] Whisker died on 11 March 1832 at the age of 20 years after "covering a few mares that season."[38]

Whisker sired two St. Leger Stakes winners, Memnon and The Colonel. Whisker's son Economist was the grandsire of the influential stallion King Tom.[6] Whisker was a good broodmare sire. He produced Emma, who was the dam of Derby winners Mündig, Cotherstone, the colt Trustee and West Australian's dam Mowerina.[39] Catherina was another daughter that started in 171 races in her eight-year racing career, winning 75 races.[39] Whisker sired 123 winners, with career earnings of just over £45,961.[40]

Tabulated pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Whisker (GB), Bay colt, 1812[41]
Sire
Waxy (GB)
Bay, 1790
Pot-8-Os
1773
Eclipse Marske
Spilletta
Sportsmistress Sportsman
Golden Locks
Maria
1777
Herod Tartar
Cypron
Lisette Snap
Miss Windsor
Dam
Penelope (GB)
Bay, 1798
Trumpator
1782
Conductor Matchem
Snap Mare
Brunette Squirrel
Dove
Prunella
1788
Highflyer Herod
Rachel
Promise Snap
Julia
  • Whisker was inbred 3 x 4 to Herod and 4 x 4 to Snap, meaning Herod appears twice in the third and fourth generations and Snap appears twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weatherby (1834). "Prunella". The General Stud Book 1: 466. 
  2. ^ Weatherby (1834). "Penelope". The General Stud Book 1: 743–744. 
  3. ^ a b Taunton, Thomas Henry (1887). Portraits of celebrated racehorses of the past and present, Volume 2. Liverpool: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington. p. 123. 
  4. ^ Taunton, Theodore (1895). Famous horses : with portraits, pedigrees, principal performances, descriptions of races, and various interesting items extending over a period of nearly two centuries. London: Samston, Lowe, Marston and Co. p. 118. 
  5. ^ Dixon, William Willmott (1882). Famous racing men, by 'Thormanby'.. London: James Hogg. p. 30. 
  6. ^ a b Merry, Thomas B. (1905). The American Thoroughbred. Los Angeles: Commercial Printing House. p. 38. 
  7. ^ Fife and Drum (1906). "Horse pedigrees". Natal Agriculture Journal 9: 1053. 
  8. ^ Dixon, Henry Hall (1862). Scott and Sebright. London: Richard Clay and Sons. p. 144. 
  9. ^ Dixon, Henry Hall (1856). The post and the paddock: with recollections of turf celebrities. London: Piper, Stephenson and Co. p. 198. 
  10. ^ Lawley, Francis (1890). "Trainers- new and old". Baily's Magazine of Sports & Pastimes 53: 325. 
  11. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Craven". Racing Calendar 32: 7. 
  12. ^ Staff (1817). "Whisker". Sporting Magazine 49: 98. 
  13. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Craven". Racing Calendar 43: 7. 
  14. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Craven". Racing Calendar 43: 12. 
  15. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 18. 
  16. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 20. 
  17. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Epsom". Racing Calendar 43: 35. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Staff (1815). "Racing Calendar". Sporting Magazine 46: 34. 
  19. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 140. 
  20. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 155. 
  21. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 159. 
  22. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 167. 
  23. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1815). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 43: 169. 
  24. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Craven". Racing Calendar 44: 8. 
  25. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 44: 12. 
  26. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 44: 30. 
  27. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 30: 143. 
  28. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 30: 155. 
  29. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Houghton Meeting". Racing Calendar 30: 163. 
  30. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1816). "Houghton Meeting". Racing Calendar 30: 168. 
  31. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 32: 17. 
  32. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 32: 19. 
  33. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 32: 26. 
  34. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 32: 27. 
  35. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 32: 29. 
  36. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Newmarket". Racing Calendar 32: 138. 
  37. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1818). "Stallions". Racing Calendar 32: 435. 
  38. ^ Skinner, J. S. (1834). "Obituary of stallions". The General Stud-book 1–2: 1031. 
  39. ^ a b Erigero, Patricia. "Whisker". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  40. ^ Egan, Pierce (1832). Pierce Egan's Book of sports, and mirror of life. London: T. T. and J. Tegg. p. 235. 
  41. ^ Staff. "Whisker 5x Pedigree". Retrieved 4 February 2012.