Whiskey Bottom Road

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Whiskey Bottom Road is a historic road north of Laurel, Maryland that traverses Anne Arundel and Howard Counties[1] in an area that was first settled by English colonists in the mid-1600s. The road was named in the 1880s in association with one of its residents delivering whiskey after a prohibition vote. With increased residential development after World War II, it was designated a collector road in the 1960s; a community center and park are among the most recent roadside developments. Coordinates: 39°06′58″N 076°49′53″W / 39.11611°N 76.83139°W / 39.11611; -76.83139

Route description[edit]

Whiskey Bottom Road runs through North Laurel, Maryland starting at the later Maryland Route 198 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The road continues westward across U.S. Route 1 and terminates at a dead end just prior to the I-95 and Route 216 interchange in Howard County, Maryland, which were built long after this historic road.

Disused or renamed sections
Past and present routes of Whiskey Bottom Road

Martenet's 1860 Map of Howard County Maryland, and the 1861 Map of Prince George's County, Maryland, from the Library of Congress, clearly depict the original road. Approximately 60% of that original has been renamed after being bisected by I-95, Maryland Route 198, and I-295. Starting from the northwest to the southeast:

  • Whiskey Bottom Road once started at the site of the lime kilns at the intersection of modern day Brown's Bridge Road and Lime Kiln Road in Howard County, Maryland.
  • The original path continues on what is now labeled Scaggsville Road in Scaggsville, Maryland.
  • Crossing the Columbia Turnpike built in 1810, the road continues Southeast until it terminates at the present I-95 and Route 216 interchange.
  • The section of road overlapping the interchange was removed for the construction of Interstate Highway I-95 in the mid-1960s. This is the former location of the farm where the poet and scholar Sterling Allen Brown lived as a child.
  • In 2009 an additional section of road was removed for the building of Emerson One by Ryan Development.[2]
  • In 2011, a County Council proposal was made that, as the remainder of Whiskey Bottom Road adjacent to I-95 and 64.664 acres of Howard County-owned, wooded open space is unusable by the public, it should be given to the Emerson Development HOA LLC, waiving bidding requirements.[3]
Current road description

Whiskey Bottom Road maintains its original historical path and name until meeting with Maryland route 198 in Anne Arundel County. The path continues to the southeast under several different names.

  • From Maryland Route 198 Southeastward the path takes on the name Old Annapolis Road running through Maryland City.
  • Old Annapolis merges with a section of Red Clay Road, which changes its name shortly afterward to Hillside Road and terminates just prior to I-295
  • The path is bisected, starting again within the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center / Fort Meade complex with an unpaved section named Columbus Road and Combat Road.
  • The last section of the path is a dirt road called Hill road. This wooded section was the location of "C.old Methodist Church", The J.H. Snowden Farm, and School House No.26 in 1861.
  • At what is now the intersection of Switchboard Road, the original Whiskey Bottom Road merged with the Historic Davidsonville Road that ran through Davidsonville to Annapolis.

Intersections[edit]

A wrecked car at the corner of U.S. Route 1 and Whiskey Bottom Road in 1927
Whiskey Bottom Road in 2000
Intersection Location Notes
North Laurel Road 39°07′33″N 076°51′12″W / 39.12583°N 76.85333°W / 39.12583; -76.85333 Extended across Whiskey Bottom in 2007 as part of the Emerson Corporate Commons project
Promise Court 39°07′36″N 076°50′54″W / 39.12667°N 76.84833°W / 39.12667; -76.84833
Stephens Road 39°07′37″N 076°50′45″W / 39.12694°N 76.84583°W / 39.12694; -76.84583 Built between 1795 and 1860. Roundabout installed 2004.
Kings Grant Road 39°07′33″N 076°50′40″W / 39.12583°N 76.84444°W / 39.12583; -76.84444
All Saints Road 39°07′29″N 076°50′32″W / 39.12472°N 76.84222°W / 39.12472; -76.84222 Former location of All Saints Church in 1861, Roundabout installed 2004
Harmony Lane 39°07′26″N 076°50′29″W / 39.12389°N 76.84139°W / 39.12389; -76.84139 Was named Snells Road or Snelltown Road.[4] Home to "Snelltown", a small 1860s log home community of freed slaves including Benjamin Snell with a graveyard.[5][6] First paved in 1996. Intersection moved North for Kings Arms development.
Moonshine Hollow 39°07′26″N 076°50′29″W / 39.12389°N 76.84139°W / 39.12389; -76.84139 Entrance to Whiskey Bottom town homes
Old Lantern Way 39°07′20″N 076°50′23″W / 39.12222°N 76.83972°W / 39.12222; -76.83972 Entrance to Whiskey Bottom town homes
Lilac Park Drive 39°07′18″N 076°50′21″W / 39.12167°N 76.83917°W / 39.12167; -76.83917 Lilac Park development Est. 1996
Mellow Court 39°07′15″N 076°50′19″W / 39.12083°N 76.83861°W / 39.12083; -76.83861
Manorwood Road 39°07′14″N 076°50′18″W / 39.12056°N 76.83833°W / 39.12056; -76.83833
Glen Ridge Drive 39°07′13″N 076°50′14″W / 39.12028°N 76.83722°W / 39.12028; -76.83722
Kings Post Court 39°07′03″N 076°50′02″W / 39.11750°N 76.83389°W / 39.11750; -76.83389
Northgate Road 39°07′08″N 076°50′07″W / 39.11889°N 76.83528°W / 39.11889; -76.83528 Built in 1981 for the 76 home development Northgate. A loop road with two entrances. Opposite of the intersection is the main entrance to the North Laurel Community Center built in 2011.
Homestretch Court 39°07′03″N 076°50′02″W / 39.11750°N 76.83389°W / 39.11750; -76.83389
US 1.svg U.S. Route 1 39°06′58″N 076°49′53″W / 39.11611°N 76.83139°W / 39.11611; -76.83139 The Washington Turnpike Road Company built Route 1 between 1796 and 1812.[7] Savage Manufacturing Company land in 1820; part of the John Holland Farm from 1840–1875. Location of the Turf Motel and Edy's Grand Ice Cream Plant. Nicknamed "Death Highway" by LIFE magazine.[8]
Historic B&O Railroad (CSX) crossing. 39°06′34″N 076°49′36″W / 39.10944°N 76.82667°W / 39.10944; -76.82667 Railroad section built 1831–1835. Updated bridge built in 1990[9]
Laurel Racetrack Road 39°06′34″N 076°49′34″W / 39.10944°N 76.82611°W / 39.10944; -76.82611 Back entrance to Laurel Park Racecourse, Founded 1911
Brock Bridge Road 39°06′32″N 076°49′27″W / 39.10889°N 76.82417°W / 39.10889; -76.82417
Spring Road 39°06′21″N 076°45′58″W / 39.10583°N 76.76611°W / 39.10583; -76.76611
Woodland Hills Way 39°06′10″N 076°48′57″W / 39.10278°N 76.81583°W / 39.10278; -76.81583
Laurel View Court 39°06′10″N 076°48′57″W / 39.10278°N 76.81583°W / 39.10278; -76.81583 A horsehoe shaped road that has two entrances to Whiskey Bottom.
Yellow Flower Road 39°06′06″N 076°48′57″W / 39.10167°N 76.81583°W / 39.10167; -76.81583
Old Camp Meade Road – Portland Road 39°06′04″N 076°48′57″W / 39.10111°N 76.81583°W / 39.10111; -76.81583
MD Route 198.svg Maryland Route 198 39°06′01″N 076°48′58″W / 39.10028°N 76.81611°W / 39.10028; -76.81611 Starting Gate Bar and Lounge, Starting Gate Service Center

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The North Laurel region has origins dating to 1650.[10] In a passage from the book The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland, the author cites letters describing the conflict between the Native Americans and the new settlers of the area... In 1681, Robert Proctor, from his town on the Severn, Thomas Francis, from South River and Colonel Samuel Lane, from the same section, all wrote urgent letters stating that the Indians had killed and wounded both Negroes and English men "at a plantation of Major Welsh's," and "had attempted to enter the houses of Mr. Mareen Duvall and Richard Snowden."[11] The farms and their owners described are shown later as being along the original starting point of Whiskey Bottom Road.

In the 1950s, inn owner Albert L. Dalton posted a sign along Route 1 which read "Historical Whiskey Bottom Road—Circa 1732 A.D."[12] The majority of the modern road falls within "Robinhood's Forest", a land grant between Laurel and Sandy Spring, Maryland that was part of the accumulated 10,500-acre (42 km2) Birmingham Manor estate of the Snowden family starting in 1669 with a 500-acre (2.0 km2) patent purchased in exchange for 1,100 lb (500 kg) of tobacco.[13] A 1795 map of Anne Arundel County by Dennis Griffith[14] shows the unnamed path that is now known as Whiskey Bottom Road starting at the Ridgley Farm in Highland, Maryland, passing south of Whites Mill in Savage, Maryland and terminating at the original Birmingham Manor site in South Laurel.[15] Martenet's 1861 Map of Prince George's County and 1860 Map of Howard County show the route in more detail. The Howard County – District 6, Guilford, Savage Factory, Annapolis Junction, Laurel City map published by G. M. Hopkins in 1878 referenced the dirt road as Old Annapolis Road, the expanded 1878 county map from the same publisher contradicted this name and listed it as Laurel Road.[16] The date when the road obtained its name is not well published. Its first newspaper mention was in 1892 as Whisky Bottom.[17] One resident who lived on the road since the 1890s explained that the road name came from the low point near the railroad tracks where trains would pick up wagon-delivered barrels of Maryland Rye whiskey from a distillery near the Laurel Mill.[18] Others have referenced the road as Sandy Bottom, and Rural Route No. 1.[19] The Howard County School Board used Whiskey Bottom as the name rather than alternatives in 1939.[20] Geographically, following the fall-line of the road, the "Bottom" of Whiskey Bottom would be the convergence of the Western and Southwestern Branches of the Patuxent River, where goods could be shipped to nearby Upper Marlboro, The Chesapeake Bay, or to Europe.[21] A large section of the original road is now called Scaggsville Road or Maryland Route 216.

The 1600s[edit]

Many roads of the region followed Native American footpaths, which themselves followed the most advantageous paths for travel over terrain. Despite, the name, Whiskey Bottom follows the highest elevation between rivers to either side, making it the least prone path to flooding or muddy conditions. The path of the modern road very closely aligns with the fall line between the Patuxent River and its Northern branches. The fall line originates near modern New Carrollton to the convergence of the Southwest and Western branch of the Patuxent river near Crofton.[22]

Prior to settlement by the English, the lands up and down the Patuxent river were occupied by various tribes of Algonquin speaking native Americans. In the 1620s The Susquehannocks pushed tribes out to the Southeast to reduce competition occupying the area as far south as the Potomac river.[23] The Susquehannocks were well armed hunters and profited from Beaver trading with the English. By 1632 Lord Baltimore claimed title to issue land grants in Maryland through Charles I of England. In 1652, the Susquehannocks treatied with Marylanders to keep trade flowing and receive arms to use against the Iroquois to the north.[24] By 1675, efforts were underway to eliminate the Susquehannocks from the region.[25] In 1666, Maryland issued its first road laws, with the path between Leonardtown to Port Tobacco as one of the earliest examples.[26]

1666 view of Maryland waterways

In 1685 Lord Baltimore granted Richard Snowden Sr. 1,976 acres (8.00 km2) of land on the Patuxent river (Patented as Robinhood's Forest). The iron works would form the start of the road heading upriver to the northwest.[27] Snowden built Birmingham Manor at the site in 1690 at the terminus of the old post road and the start of Whiskey Bottom. It lasted until a fire on August 20, 1891.

In 1686, the nearby Warfield's range was laid out. Overlook Farm was built on the site; its operators would later account that they would roll tobacco product down Whiskey Bottom Road in barrels toward the Patuxent for shipping.[28] In 1696, Maryland ordered the construction of four "Rolling Roads" to move tobacco to Annapolis in "hogshead" barrels that would be hand rolled, or later pulled by oxen via rope with an axle through the center. This account would have made Old Annapolis (Whiskey Bottom) one of these work roads.[29][30]

The 1700s[edit]

In 1704, Maryland issued instructions to mark all trees along trails to Annapolis with a "AA" mark, and notches for paths that lead to a county seat or church.[31]

In 1732, the Maryland Assembly voted to provide incentives to encourage the iron industry in Maryland. They enacted a law excluding iron workers from required road service. In 1750, this was modified to one in every ten iron laborers were required to perform road maintenance.[32]

In 1736, roadside residents Richard Snowden III "Ironmaster" (1688–1763), Joseph Cowman, and three other partners founded "Patuxent Iron Work Company", Maryland's first ironworks.[33] The ironworks were built on the site of an even older forge that predated it by some time.[34] From the 1760s to the 1780s the ironworks were managed by Samuel, John and Thomas Snowden, employing a workforce of about 45 slaves.[35] The ironworks peaked with an annual output of 1200 tons. The owners dismantled the furnace in 1856 due to a lack of wood and ore.

The 1800s[edit]

Bacontown.jpg
Joseph Travers House built in 1862

Most residents of Whiskey Bottom Road in this time were farmers. Typical crops that they would plant were butter beans and sugar corn, radishes, beets, eggplant, tobacco, and apple trees.[36]

Slavery was in common practice among the farmers along the road until emancipation. Runaway slave ads were regularly placed by Whiskey Bottom residents in the Baltimore Sun newspaper.[37][38]

In 1822, the Savage Manufacturing Company purchased 600 acres along the northwest corner of the crossroads with the Washington Turnpike to build the Savage Mill. 181 acres of mixed farm and forest that formed the crossroads with Whiskey Bottom and the Washington Turnpike were sold by the company to John Holland in 1841. The semi-formal stone house he bought still stands, with a Route 1 address due to subdivision.[39]

In 1828, a survey was conducted to run a canal across the road to connect Elkridge to the proposed C&O Canal via Bladensburg.[40] Rather, the B&O was constructed. In 1834, fights broke out among rival Irish and German railroad workers.[41] The violence escalated in November when John Watson and William Messer were murdered at the construction site around Whiskey Bottom. Horace Capron and other militiamen gathered some 300 workers to be questioned for the murders. In January 1835, Owen Murphey was sentenced to death by hanging at the location of the murders. Patrick Gallagher and Terence Coyle were also sentenced to 18 years of hard labor.[42]

In 1853, the State of Maryland put into law a requirement that all public roads be widened to at least 30 feet (9.1 m) between fences.[43]

Born in Montgomery County, Gustavus Ober owned several properties along Whiskey Bottom Road. The successful entrepreneur was married into, and partnered with, the Kettleman family with residences on nearby Gorman road. Together in 1856, they formed the successful Baltimore company G Ober and Sons, marketing "Kettlewell's Manipulated Guano". The company stopped production when the civil war cut off its customer base in the southern states.[44][45][46]

Mary Elizabeth Henson House, daughter of Maria Bacon, circa 1870

The Bacontown community along the Anne Arundel portion of Whiskey Bottom Road was established by the freed slave Maria Bacon. A road sign proclaims "Bacontown EST. 1860". Approximately 3 dozen small homes were established along with a church and schoolhouse. The community consists of multi-generational families who have worked together to drive out crime and prevent redevelopment of a community that looks much the same as it did in the 20th century. Bacontown was the last neighborhood along the road to link to city water and sewer service, in 1997.[47] The Mount Zion United Methodist Church and Bacontown Park are the most visible landmarks.[48]

In 1862, during the Civil War, Brig.-Gen. John C. Robinson commanded troops guarding the B&O railroad. The First Michigan Regiment was assigned to the section crossing Whiskey Bottom Road. [49] United States postal mail started service to residents of "Whiskey Bottom Road" from the Laurel post office in 1899.[50]

By 1874, Prince George's County disallowed gates across public roads. Prior to this law, it was common for roads running though large farms and plantations to gate the road rather than fence along either side. Riders would have to dismount, open and close each gate along the way.[51]

The 1900s[edit]

A 1-mile (1.6 km) dirt oval racetrack once operated in the early 20th century at the southeast corner of Whiskey Bottom and Brock Bridge Roads.[52] During prohibition, the road hosted speakeasies with houses outfitted with hidden rooms and liquor storage in the walls to hide supplies from stills along the Hammond Branch river (Patuxent).[18]

The road became the link for communities such as Highland to the nearest train station in Laurel.[53] After the great depression, many family farms were sold to pay back taxes and were subdivided into lots for owner-built homes. Construction of these homes peaked after World War II. Shortly after city water was provided to the Howard county residents in the 1960s,[54] Whiskey Bottom Road was designated a collector road. The majority of home construction from that point on has been in the form of developments on subdivided property managed by homeowners associations. Only one house on the historic road is listed in Howard County's Historic property inventory: The Joseph Travers House, a Folk Victorian dwelling built on land called "Sappington's Sweep" in 1890 over the site of an earlier 1862 house.[55]

All Saint's Road and Whiskey Bottom Apartments 1998

Between 1936 and 1940 the construction of the Patuxent Research Refuge displaced all residents along the southeast section of the road. The construction of I-295 cut off access to the road, and its remaining sections were renamed. The cut-off road sections were used to train troops and tank operators during WWII, and were returned to the wildlife research center in 1991.[56]

The Turf Motel, a 1950s Route 1 motel still operating in 2012

After WWII, Israel Kroop operated Kroop's Goggles on Whiskey Bottom behind the racetrack. He developed innovative semi-disposable vented goggles that have become the standard for jockeys and skydivers. The business continued after Kroop's death in 1991; the family sold it in 2008, and its product remains locally produced in Savage, Maryland.[57]

In 1959, the plans for construction of the I-95 highway that eventually bisected Whiskey Bottom Road were met with protests.[58]

On the northwest corner of U.S. Route 1 and Whiskey Bottom Road, Crickett's California Inn hosted live bands from the 1960s until its relocation in 2008. The bar hosted various formats, switching to country in the 1990s and karaoke in the first decade of the 21st century.[59] The bar was previously known as Randy's California Inn, and The California Inn.

Nestle Plant

The Edy's Ice Cream plant on the northeast corner of U.S. Route 1 and Whiskey Bottom Road is the second-largest ice cream manufacturing facility in the world. A smaller plant was originally built by Clifford Y. Stephens at the site in 1961.[60] The factory packaged goods for High's Dairy Stores. In 1987 the facility was acquired by Southland and later by Nestle, which owns the Edy's and Dreyer's brands. In 2003 a $210 million expansion was built on land previously operated as Pfister's mobile home park. Seventy three families were moved out of the trailer park that had operated since World War II. Prior to that, the land was operated as a chicken farm.[61] The adjoining office complex once occupied by High's management is now the Phillip's School for Contemporary Education.[citation needed]

In 1958, Melville W. Beardsley founded National Research Associates company and settled on Whiskey Bottom Road in 1961. NRA developed and tested over 30 air cushion vehicles, with the Air Gem Air cushion vehicle produced as their first product. NRA also sold Disney's Flying Saucers attraction under license. The Company went out of business in 1963.[62][63]

In 1962, 47 acres (190,000 m2) were rezoned at the corner of Whiskey Bottom and All Saint's Road to form the Whiskey Bottom Apartments, the first development along the road.[64]

The New Millennium[edit]

The 2001 Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. tornado outbreak brought an F3 Tornado on a direct path crossing Whiskey Bottom Road. The tornado lifted momentarily and set back down on the other side of the road. Nearby buildings just a few hundred feet North and South of the road showed significant tornado damage.[65]

North Laurel Community Center opening June 3, 2011

In 2009, the primary entrance to the North Laurel Community Center was realigned to Whiskey Bottom Road. A 63,000 sq ft (5,900 m2) Leed Silver certified community center and park was built at the location and opened on June 3, 2011.[66][67] It features amenities similar to the Glenwood Community Center in Northern Howard County. The funding and takeover of the various undeveloped properties through eminent domain was a multi-decade effort. The project has been supported by local leaders and community groups, with some criticism over the environmental impact, effect on adjoining properties, and the safety of the road entrance.[68]

Namesake distillery[edit]

Auchentoshan04.jpg

In 1899 a large monopoly, The Distilling Company of America, pooled $125 Million Dollars to buy all the distilleries on the east coast, and consolidate the production to a few sites, effectively wiping out all large Maryland Rye Distilleries.[69] The path that is now Whiskey Bottom Road, would have included settlements, farms and plantations spanning from Davidsonville to Highland, any of which commonly produced whiskey in small quantities. One resident's recollection from the late 1800s noted the "Maryland Rye" distillery was near the Laurel Mill, which used wagons to get the product to "Whiskey Bottom".[18]

In the 1879 book History of Tama County, Iowa, the author states that after a prohibition vote in April 1855, the residents drank the first barrel of pure whiskey delivered by a man named Rouse living on Whiskey Bottom Road. "The road was named from this circumstance".[70] The Iowa Meskwaki Reservation shares an area with the uncommon Whiskey Bottom name. The Maryland road was named about the same time, under similar circumstances, and a family named Rouse also played an influential role in the area. Due to unflattering connotations, the Meskwaki reservation eventually changed its Whiskey Bottom Road name to "Battlefield Road".[71]

Road name controversy[edit]

Whiskey Bottom or Patuxent[edit]

Long-time residents associate the Whiskey Bottom name with a former whiskey distillery, a whiskey cart trail, and in later years with speakeasys and stills that were hosted in various farmhouses along the road.[72] For some, the perceived negative connotation of alcohol or alcoholism prompted attempts to hide, or change the road's name. Proponent W.R. Skeels took the connotation more seriously, declaring Whisky as the "Water of degradation and death".[18]

Name change efforts were publicized as far away as Florida in an Ocala Star-Banner newspaper article from May 3, 1955, titled "Battle of Whiskey Bottom Road Rages".[12]

Albert L. Dalton, owner of a motel at the nearby intersection of U.S. Route 1 and the disputed thoroughfare, reported someone had sawed down the large sign on his property which reads "Historical Whiskey Bottom Road—Circa 1732 A.D." He and a number of long-time residents contend the name is a historical symbol, but newcomers say it is only a sordid reminder of a prohibition past. They have sought to have the name changed to Patuxent Drive. Dalton said he put the sign right back up and if any anti-Whiskey Bottomers return "I’ll be watching for them from now on."

In the 1950s, a lawyer named W.O. Skeels petitioned a Maryland Congressman Steele to rename the street Patuxent Drive. Resident W.R. Shauck complained to the press that he was told by a realtor that he was on Old Annapolis Road when he purchased the land a decade earlier, and it had to be changed.[18] The change was passed without notice to the residents.[36] A 1950 Washington Post article proclaimed that the new Patuxent Drive was now "dignified".[73] In 1954 the matter was brought to the Maryland State Roads Commission.[74] Markers for Patuxent Drive were placed at US Route 1.[75] In the ensuing battle of county vs. state rights, Howard County sided with the name of Whiskey Bottom. Residents in this time would address their mail to both street names depending on their preference, but Patuxent Drive fell out of use over time. C.H. Lamparter, owner of "Randy's California Inn" noted that "The name was changed when nobody was even looking"..."When the petitions are finished going around, we will still be calling the road what we always have called it."[18]

Whiskey and school[edit]

An early mascot of Whiskey Bottom Elementary

In October 1962, the Laurel Planning and Redevelopment Corporation gave Howard County 27 acres of woodland to build the Whiskey Bottom Road Elementary School within a proposed high-density development seeking zoning approval. The name was chosen in a 1972 board meeting. There were concerns about the name from the first hearings, but board members believed the historical value outweighed any negative connotations.[76] The new "open layout" school opened in 1973. Although the property reached to Whiskey Bottom Road, the school entrance and address was on North Laurel Road. The name was later shortened to Whiskey Bottom Elementary School. In 1991 a student movement considered the name unsuitable due to associations with alcohol and being considered ranked at "The Bottom". The new name for the school was Laurel Woods Elementary due to its proximity to the largest remaining stand of woods in Laurel. The majority of these woods were cleared in 2010 for the North Laurel Community Center.[77][78][79]

Whiskey or Whisky[edit]

The road name has been spelled Whisky Bottom Road and more recently, Whiskey Bottom Road. Although both are valid spellings, the later name associates it with liquor distilled in America or Ireland rather than Canada, Japan or Wales.[80]

Scaggsville or Rocky Gorge[edit]

Western sections of the original road ran past the farm of the Scaggs family, in Scaggsville, Maryland, and have the name Scaggsville Road. Just like Whiskey Bottom, the name Scaggsville was considered distasteful enough to warrant a name change by some in 2002, but did not have enough public support to proceed.[81] In 1899, the post office dropped rural service to Scaggsville's other name, "Hells Corner".[82]

Whiskey themes[edit]

The name "Whiskey Bottom Road" has inspired adjoining roads, schools, developments and businesses to adopt the whiskey theme or the entire name. The region is better known for producing a rye based Whiskey, "Maryland Rye",[83] but that name has not been adopted in the neighborhoods. Nearby Bourbon street is based on another whiskey variation, Bourbon, that has a corn base.

A partial list of local items that have adopted the theme.

  • Bourbon Street
  • Moonshine Hollow
  • Barrelhouse Road
  • Whiskey Run Road
  • Whiskey Bottom Liquors (All Saints Road)
  • Whiskey Bottom Apartments (Renamed in 1995 to The Seasons Apartments)[84]
  • Whiskey Bottom West Condominiums Est.1980
  • Whiskey Bottom Shopping Center (All Saints Road)
  • Whiskey Bottom Road Elementary School (before renaming)
  • Whiskey Bottom Candles – a Frederick, Maryland company named after the road[85]

Although most of the Whiskey Bottom Road neighborhoods consist of single family homes fronting the street, the various developments of Canterbury Riding, The Seasons Apartments and Whiskey Bottom Town homes, form a well defined neighborhood frequently called Whiskey Bottom or the "Whiskey Bottom Area".

Traffic control[edit]

Roundabout at Whiskey Bottom Road and All Saints Road
Traffic Calming visibility maintenance

The heavily traveled Baltimore-Washington corridors that Whiskey Bottom Road crosses have been the site of fatal accidents since automobiles were introduced.[86] The introduction of traffic lights improved safety, but increasing volume of traffic has kept the intersections on many "Most Dangerous" lists.[87] The B&O Railroad crossing also was a frequent historical source of accidents with carts and pedestrians. A steep curving bridge was first built over the railroad tracks reducing train collisions, but occasionally creating its own hazardous driving conditions. In 1990, a long standing home pottery business was removed to regrade a modern bridge over the railroad. Pedestrians still travel along the tracks despite the improvements, with occasional deaths in the same place.[88][89]

In 1950 Whiskey Bottom Road was straightened, widened, and Macadamized. By the end of the 20th century, the amount of transient traffic as well as local traffic from developments reached the point where residents of the street facing homes could not safely turn into and out of their driveways. The occasional auto accidents where vehicles struck houses[90][91] became commonplace. Traffic surveys concluded that the majority of accidents were from vehicles striking turning vehicles from behind. The traffic engineering departments of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties took two different approaches to the issue. In 1993 the Anne Arundel section adopted a road widening approach, taking eminent domain of properties and adding a shared center left-hand turn lane down the middle of the road. This was partially funded by the pending Russett development as a condition of zoning approval.[92] Howard County planned to follow suit in 2002 but opted to explore traffic calming after 98% of roadside residents petitioned against widening the road. A series of narrow choking islands, and roundabouts were placed along the roadway with the intention of physically restricting the maximum speed of a vehicle to the 30 mph (48 km/h) limit. Transient drivers have objected to the obstacles. Howard County engineers defend their usefulness in controlling reckless driving without the need for increased traffic patrols.[93][94]

Howard County Project J4229 plans to modify Whiskey Bottom Road from U.S. Route 1 to the Anne Arundel County Line in 2011 to prepare for future BRAC-related development traffic.[95]

Development[edit]

The population of residents along the road has increased substantially. In 1939 the number of roadside houses totaled nine. By 1950, only 30 families lived along the road.[18]

Security Development Corporation's Kings Arms infill development

Adjacent developed properties include:

  • Emerson Corporate Commons [1], Est. 2008
  • Kings Woods [2]
  • Kings Arms, Est. 1999 – Built on land grants of Sappington's Sweep, and 50 acres of Davis's Hills patented to Thomas Davis Sr. on 2 November 1737.[96][97]
  • Whiskey Bottom Apartments, Est. 1962
  • Lilac Park, Est. 1996
  • Northgate, 76 homes Est. 1981 by Ryan Homes [3]
  • Fieldstone, by Polm Companies, LTD [4], Est. 2009
  • Koch Homes/Hogan Co's, 17-acre townhome community, Est. 2012[98]
  • Laurel Highlands
  • Russett, Est. 1992
Redskins fans

In 1994, an effort to redevelop land occupied by the Laurel Racetrack and its adjacent properties would have placed a new Washington Redskins Stadium at the crossroads of Whiskey Bottom Road and Brock Bridge Road. Citizens and clergy launched a successful effort that killed the proposal. A lack of sufficient parking space was a significant factor in the decision.[99]

Crime[edit]

Crime along Whiskey Bottom Road is on par with the region and times. Newsworthy crime incidents provide a historical context of this quiet rural road's transition to a dense suburban thoroughfare.

One of the first recorded incidents occurred on the road itself. On July 6, 1892, Rebecca Cager (Hensin) was found shot in the head by Dr. Hunt alongside "Whisky Bottom Road".[100][101] The earliest mention of carjacking occurred in 1959 with the abduction of two separate women at gunpoint ending at Whiskey Bottom Road.[102] The community of Bacontown was targeted for cross burnings in the 1950s followed by drug dealing issues in the 1980s. Lifelong residents Audrey Garnett and Lenore Carter worked with the community to drive out crime.[103] Occasionally a body is still found along the road.[104][105]

The busy intersections of Whiskey Bottom Road with US Route 1 and Maryland 198 have a decades long history of prostitution.[106] Over the years police have made efforts to reduce the problem, but it persists to present times. One-day prostitution stings are held several times a year with 16–40 arrests a day.[107][108][109][110]

In 2013, A string of arson attacks occurred up and down the wooded areas of the Patuxent river valley in Laurel. The Fieldstone development, and the historic Duvall Farm were burned from large brush fires.[111]

In fiction[edit]

In the 2006 fiction book, Borrow Trouble by Mary Monroe and Victor McGlothin, the character Franchetta wound up in a small tick on the map called "Whiskey Bottom, Maryland" at the age of 18 hawking boxes of popcorn.[112]

In music[edit]

A local Blues Band in Portsmouth, Hampshire, United Kingdom took up the moniker "Whiskey Bottom Road".[113][114]

The Hitman Blues Band published a song named Whiskey Bottom Road in 1999 about being down and out.[115]

Cause man, you just never know

Where the dead men keep on walkin'
Out on Whiskey Bottom Road

Notes[edit]

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  2. ^ "Emerson One". Retrieved October 17, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Council Resolution No. 119-2011". Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "2010 Congressional District". Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Veronica T. Jennings (March 29, 1988). "Howard County Community Seeks to Retain Its Gritty Identity". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 2, 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ Seeking Freedom The History of the Underground Railroad in Howard County. p. 99. 
  7. ^ "City of Laurel Master Plan". Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ LIFE: 110. 30 May 1955. 
  9. ^ "B&O Washington Branch". Retrieved October 26, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Modern roads wend through county's past ; Communities: In the midst of the bustle of modern Howard County are places that hark back to the area's beginnings.". The Sun. March 21, 2004. p. 16. 
  11. ^ The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. 1904. p. 51. 
  12. ^ a b "Battle Of Whisky Bottom Road Rages". Ocala Star-Banner. May 3, 1955. p. 12. Retrieved April 5, 2010. 
  13. ^ The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. 1904. 
  14. ^ "Spurriers Site". Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  15. ^ A Pictorial History Howard County. The Donning Company. 1987. p. 21. ISBN 0-89865-539-0. 
  16. ^ Arundel Sun, January 19, 2002
  17. ^ "Crime upon Crime". The Morning Herald. July 8, 1892. p. 10. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Patrick Skene Catling (7 December 1950). "Whiskey Bottom In Ferment, But Road Is Patuxent Still". The Baltimore Sun. 
  19. ^ "Whiskey Bottom in Ferment". The Baltimore Sun. December 8, 1950. 
  20. ^ "1939 Board Minutes". Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "US Geological Survey National Hydrography Dataset". Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  22. ^ "US Geological Survey National Hydrography Dataset". Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  23. ^ Ned Bayley. Colesville, Maryland: The Development of a Community, Its People. 
  24. ^ Eric Everett Bowne. The Westo Indians: Slave Traders Of The Early Colonial South. p. 50. 
  25. ^ Steven Laurence Danver. Revolts, Protests, Demonstrations, and Rebellions in American History, Volume 1. p. 18. 
  26. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1899). Report on the Highways of Maryland, Volume 1. p. 112. 
  27. ^ Scheele, George. "SNOWDEN-WARFIELD LINEAGE". Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Overlook (Kingdon Gould) House". Retrieved August 23, 2013. 
  29. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1899). Report on the Highways of Maryland, Volume 1. p. 124. 
  30. ^ "Life Here Typical of That of the Early South". The Times (Ellicot City). March 31, 1965. 
  31. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1899). Report on the Highways of Maryland, Volume 1. p. 121. 
  32. ^ "XVII". Bacon's Laws of Maryland. 
  33. ^ Robert William Barnes. Colonial Families of Maryland Bound and Determined to Succeed. p. 217. 
  34. ^ Maryland Geological Survey. Maryland Geological Survey, Volume 9. p. 270. 
  35. ^ Ronald L. Lewis (1979). Coal, iron, and slaves industrial slavery in Maryland and Virginia, 1715–1865. p. 24. 
  36. ^ a b Ellen Conroy Kennedy (1998). "Looking for Sterling Brown's Howard County". Callaloo (Johns Hopkins University Press): 870–881. doi:10.1353/cal.1998.0227. JSTOR 3299758. 
  37. ^ "Runaway". The Baltimore Sun. March 25, 1846. 
  38. ^ "Runaway Ad". Retrieved November 15, 2010. 
  39. ^ "HO-532 John Holland House". Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  40. ^ Canal—Baltimore to Contemplated Chesapeake & Ohio Canal. Gales & Seaton. 1828. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  41. ^ Dilts, James D. (October 1996). "The Bank War". The Great Road: The Building of the Baltimore and Ohio, the Nation's First Railroad, 1828–1853. California: Stanford University Press. pp. 176–181. ISBN 978-0-8047-2629-0. 
  42. ^ Hezekiah Niles, William Ogden Niles, George Beatty, Jeremiah Hughes (1835). Niles' Weekly Register 47. H. Niles. p. 272. Retrieved November 9, 2013. They ... recommended the apprehension of all persons employed on the line of the rail road, near where the murders ... had been committed. ... On the morning of the 26th, captain Bouldin ... marched to the Savage factory, and thence to that part of the railroad which was near the place of the recent murders, and ... apprehended many suspicious persons, whom, with several prisoners taken by major Capron, they brought to Merrill's tavern.... I submitted the whole of our prisoners, upwards of 300 ... to Baltimore county jail.... 
  43. ^ Maryland Geological Survey Report on the Highways of Maryland. 1899. p. 341. 
  44. ^ Maryland, A Middle Temperament: 1634-1980. p. 310. 
  45. ^ John Thomas Scharf. History of Baltimore City and County, from the earliest period to the present. p. 400. 
  46. ^ S. Sands & Wothington (1857). American Farmer. p. 274. 
  47. ^ "Historic Bacontown gets assistance, but needs more; $1.2 million project brings in water, sewer". The Baltimore Sun. June 8, 1997. p. 2B. 
  48. ^ Mary Otto (January 10, 2006). "Women of Bacontown reclaim their legacy". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 5, 2010. 
  49. ^ "The Railroad Guard". The Baltimore Sun. January 10, 1862. 
  50. ^ "Success of rural free mail delivery". The Evening Times. 28 April 1899. 
  51. ^ Maryland Geological Survey Report on the Highways of Maryland. 1899. p. 58. 
  52. ^ "Maryland Racetracks". Retrieved November 22, 2010. 
  53. ^ Barbara W Feaga. Howard's Roads to the Past. p. 62. 
  54. ^ "ELLICOTT CITY, Md. Howard County, Md., Metropolitan Commission awarded $2.5 million water and sewer bonds to a group led by Alex. Brown & Sons". Wall Street Journal. August 8, 1963. 
  55. ^ http://www.co.ho.md.us/DPZ/DPZDocs/AdoptedHSI-945Sites.pdf
  56. ^ Dr. L. B. Morley (1948). EARLY HISTORY OF PATUXENT WILDLIFE RESEARCH CENTER. 
  57. ^ Candus Thomson (June 7, 2012). "Maryland business helps top jockeys see their way clear; For 65 years, Kroop's Goggles have been worn by top thoroughbred riders". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  58. ^ "ROAD SESSION STIRS ANGER Conduct Of Hearing On Interstate Route Protested". The Baltimore Sun. August 15, 1959. p. 24. 
  59. ^ Washington Post, Oct 29, 1993, Weekend section
  60. ^ "Ice Cream Plant To Be Built". The Baltimore Sun. February 5, 1961. p. C3. 
  61. ^ "Families Enticed to Move; Dreyer's, County Paid to Make Way for Plant". The Washington Post. November 18, 2004. 
  62. ^ "Amphibian Vehicle Riding On Air Cushion Is Shown". The Evening Star, Washington, DC. August 4, 1961. 
  63. ^ "Melville Beardsley". Retrieved May 9, 2011. 
  64. ^ "Apartment Project". The Baltimore Sun. June 24, 1962. p. RE1. 
  65. ^ Julie Bykowicz (September 26, 2001). "Laurel sustains millions in damages Historic building, half of townhouses in one area condemned". The Baltimore Sun. 
  66. ^ "North Laurel Community Center opens Recreation facility ready after more than two decades of planning". The Baltimore Sun. June 3, 2011. 
  67. ^ Donna Thewes. "Community eagerly awaits opening of center in 2011". Howard County Times. 
  68. ^ "Residents concerned about new center's environmental impact". The Laurel Gazette. August 6, 2009. 
  69. ^ "Immense Liquor Trust". The New York Times. June 22, 1899. 
  70. ^ Samuel D. Chapman (1879). History of Tama County, Iowa. p. 104. 
  71. ^ Judith M. Daubenmier. The Meskwaki and anthropologists Action Anthropology reconsidered. 
  72. ^ "STILL SEIZED IN 2 COUNTIES One Captured In Caroline, Another In Howard". The Baltimore Sun. August 19, 1955. p. 20. 
  73. ^ "Whisky Bottom Rd. In Laurel Becomes Patuxent Drive". The Washington Post. November 26, 1950. p. 1. 
  74. ^ "ROADS BODY BARS ORIOLE MARKERS". The Baltimore Sun. April 8, 1954. 
  75. ^ Maryland State Road Commission."State Road Signs Stir Up Ire Of Whisky Bottom Backers". The Baltimore Sun. April 23, 1954. 
  76. ^ Daniel Horgan (May 31, 1990). "What's in a Name? Plenty, Students Say;Change Sought at Whiskey Bottom Road School". The Washington Post. 
  77. ^ Larry Carson (June 7, 2009). "As Council Changed, Park Plan Kept Chugging Along". The Baltimore Sun. 
  78. ^ Baltimore Sun,Neighbors section. June 4, 2004. 
  79. ^ "A Name Can Spell Trouble, Howard School Officials Say; Buildings With Geographical Titles Are the Rule". The Washington Post. June 20, 1996. 
  80. ^ "Spelling Lessons: Whisky Or Whiskey?". Whisky : Distilled. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  81. ^ Steinberg, Liz (May 19, 2002). "Quiet Scaggsville is expecting to get quieter". baltimoresun.com (Baltimore Sun). Retrieved October 18, 2010. 
  82. ^ "Laurel Rural Mail service". The Baltimore Sun. April 15, 1899. 
  83. ^ "American Whiskey : Rye Distilleries in Maryland". John Lipman. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  84. ^ "Once an eyesore, Whiskey Bottom complex fetes renovations". The Baltimore Sun. June 24, 1994. 
  85. ^ GINA GALLUCCI-WHITE. "Scent of a Candle Couple Gives Second Life (and Light) to Empty Wine and Liquor Bottles". Fredmag. 
  86. ^ "Tow Truck Hits Victim". The Washington Post. March 1, 1955. p. 27. 
  87. ^ "County names 10 most dangerous intersections ; Ridge Road at U.S. 40 tops the list again with 51 crashes; improvements planned at site". The Sun – Baltimore, Md. July 10, 2005. p. 1G. 
  88. ^ "Hunter killed by train near Whiskey Bottom Road". Baltimore Sun. November 3, 1994. 
  89. ^ "World of Fire Report". Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  90. ^ "Traffic Charges Face Man At Laurel". The Baltimore Sun. October 15, 1950. 
  91. ^ "Woman charged with DWI strikes Laurel home, causes it to catch fire". The Baltimore Sun. February 5, 2011. 
  92. ^ "Water a costly necessity". The Baltimore Sun. December 15, 1993. 
  93. ^ "Car plows into North Laurel bedroom". The Howard County Times. October 13, 2000. 
  94. ^ "Traffic calming has residents worked up". The Baltimore Sun. 
  95. ^ "2011 Capitol Budget". Retrieved October 7, 2010. 
  96. ^ Joshua Dorsey Warfield. The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties. p. 114. 
  97. ^ Collection Research: Land Owners & Patents, 1670-1812 ACCESSION NO. A.3.a. iii Property Owners, Land Names, & Acreage – covering Anne Arundel (Howard), Baltimore, Frederick, and Montgomery Counties. 
  98. ^ Simmons, Melody (September 16, 2011). "The Daily Record Real Estate Notebook". The Daily Record. Retrieved August 31, 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  99. ^ Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke is seeking a special exception that would allow a ,0 million National Football League stadium in an industrial zone east of Laurel in Anne Arundel County. The Redskins also hope for variances from county codes on matters such as parking and landscaping for the 78,600-seat stadium, Baltimore Sun, August 11, 1994
  100. ^ "Esau Cager Charged with the Murder of Rebecca Cager a Year Ago". The Baltimore Sun. July 7, 1893. p. 6. 
  101. ^ "Has He Confessed?". The Evening Star. July 11, 1893. 
  102. ^ "2 WOMEN ABDUCTED BY GUNMAN Forced To Give Him Rides; 1 Loses Car; Both Are Safe". The Baltimore Sun. February 10, 1959. p. 40. 
  103. ^ Mary Otto (December 23, 2005). "Matriarchs help save Maryland town , Community founded by freed slave was run down, suffering from neglect and crime". Washington Post. 
  104. ^ "OUTRAGED AND SHOT. Murder of a Colored Woman in the Woods Near Laurel". The Washington Post. July 8, 1892. p. 1. 
  105. ^ "Medical examiner says skull found in Laurel is human Couple came across remains while hiking". The Baltimore Sun. February 26, 2013. 
  106. ^ Kellie Woodhouse (November 11, 2010). "Career streetwalker 'The money hooks you' North Laurel-based prostitute Hides profession from family, friends". The Howard County Times. 
  107. ^ "Police make 22 arrests in recent prostitution solicitation sting Twelve are Laurel residents". Retrieved October 6, 2010. 
  108. ^ "Police persist in prostitution stings". The Laurel Gazette. November 12, 2009. 
  109. ^ "27 arrested in undercover prostitution operation". The Laurel Leader. April 29, 2010. 
  110. ^ "POLICE CONTINUE TO UTILIZE REVERSE PROSTITUTION OPERATIONS". US Fed News Service. April 23, 2010. 
  111. ^ "Md. Abandoned House, Brush Fire Under Investigation". WUSA. April 15, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  112. ^ Mary Monroe, Victor McGlothin. Borrow Trouble. 
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  114. ^ "Sherfield on Loddon Beer Festival". Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
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