|Location||37 St James's Street, London, SW1A 1JG|
White's is a gentleman's club in St James's Street, London. It is the oldest and most exclusive gentleman's club in London. It gained a reputation in the 18th century for both its exclusivity and the often raffish behaviour of its members. Notable current members include Charles, Prince of Wales, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Conrad Black and Tom Stacey. British Prime Minister David Cameron was formally a member for fifteen years but resigned in 2008, despite his father Ian Cameron having previously been the club's chairman, over the club's refusal to admit women. White's continues to be a men-only establishment; the only exception being made during a visit by Queen Elizabeth II in 1991. White's is a member of the Association of London Clubs.
The club was originally established at 4 Chesterfield Street, off Curzon Street in Mayfair, in 1693 by an Italian immigrant named Francesco Bianco as a hot chocolate emporium under the name Mrs. White's Chocolate House. Tickets were sold to the productions at King's Theatre and Royal Drury Lane Theatre as a side-business. White's quickly made the transition from teashop to exclusive club and in the early 18th century, White's was notorious as a gambling house and those who frequented it were known as "the gamesters of White's." Jonathan Swift referred to White's as the "bane of half the English nobility."
In 1778 it moved to 37-38 St James's Street. From 1783 it was the unofficial headquarters of the Tory party, while the Whigs' club Brooks's was just down the road. A few apolitical and affable gentlemen managed to belong to both. The new architecture featured a bow window on the ground floor. In the later 18th century, the table directly in front of it became a seat of privilege, the throne of the most socially influential men in the club. This belonged to the arbiter elegantiarum, Beau Brummell, until he removed to the Continent in 1816, when Lord Alvanley took the place of honour. It was here that Alvanley bet a friend £3,000 as to which of two raindrops would first reach the bottom of a pane of the bow window. It is not recorded whether he won his bet.
This was not the most eccentric bet in White's famous betting book. Some of those entries were on sports, but more often on political developments, especially during the chaotic years of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. A good many were social bets, such as whether a friend would marry this year, or whom.
Despite the club's refusal to admit women as members, one of its best known chefs from the early 1900s was Rosa Lewis, a model for the central character in the BBC television series The Duchess of Duke Street.
The clubhouse is located at 37-38 St James's Street in the City of Westminster and is a Grade I listed building. Originally built in 1674 and then rebuilt in 1787-88, probably by James Wyatt, it was further altered in 1811 and the frontage was remodelled by Lockyer in 1852. Constructed of Portland stone with a slate roof it possesses the Victorian version of a Palladian façade with some French motifs. The buildings consists of three storeys, a basement and a dormered attic. In the late 1970s, the exterior was painted azure with white trim.
Whilst the club does not have members' accommodation, facilities include a private dining room and a billiards room. The menu revolves around the best of British game: grouse, partridge, wild salmon, gull’s eggs, potted shrimps, smoked eel and smoked trout. There is also a vegetarian option, however it is unpopular. In one seven-year period, only three vegetarian portions were sold.
Notable former members
- Henry St John, 5th Viscount Bolingbroke (1820-1899)
- Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, KB (1708–1759)
- George Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll, GCH, PC (1768-1839)
- William Philip Molyneux, 2nd Earl of Sefton (1772–1838)
- Beau Brummell (1778–1840)
- William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley (1789–1849)
- George Byng, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1806–1886)
- Ernest Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury (1811–1896)
- Horatio Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford (1813–1894)
- Thomas Bateson, 1st Baron Deramore (1819–1890)
- Rainald Knightley, 1st Baron Knightley (1819–1895)
- William FitzClarence, 2nd Earl of Munster (1824–1901)
- Valentine Browne, 4th Earl of Kenmare (1825–1905)
- Henry Sturt, 1st Baron Alington (1825–1904)
- Wentworth Beaumont, 1st Baron Allendale (1829–1907)
- Richard Boyle, 9th Earl of Cork (1829–1904)
- Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster (1830–1910)
- Allen Bathurst, 6th Earl Bathurst (1832–1892)
- Frederick Hervey, 3rd Marquess of Bristol (1834–1907)
- Richard Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge (1837–1912)
- Montague Guest, (1839–1909)
- Henry Chaplin, 1st Viscount Chaplin (1840–1923)
- The Prince of Wales, later Edward VII (1841–1910)
- Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford (1841–1922)
- Robert Wynn Carrington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928)
- Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham (1843–1919)
- Lord Claud Hamilton (1843-1925)
- John Beresford, 5th Marquess of Waterford (1844–1895)
- Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne (1845–1927)
- Edward Digby, 10th Baron Digby (1846–1920)
- Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife (1849–1912)
- The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942)
- John Lonsdale, 1st Baron Armaghdale (1850–1924)
- William Legge, 6th Earl of Dartmouth (1851–1936)
- Walter Long, 1st Viscount Long (1854–1924)
- Archibald Grove (1855–1920)
- William Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th Duke of Portland (1857–1943)
- Charles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington (1860–1940)
- Charles Edward Hill-Trevor, 3rd Baron Trevor (1863–1950)
- Wilfrid Ashley, 1st Baron Mount Temple (1867–1939)
- Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (1868–1938)
- Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (1868–1937)
- J. E. B. Seely, 1st Baron Mottistone (1868–1947)
- George Gibbs, 1st Baron Wraxall (1873–1931)
- Ivor Guest, 1st Viscount Wimborne (1873–1939)
- Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, KCB, KCMG, DSO, MC (1890–1968)
- Oswald Mosley (1896–1980)
- Brendan Bracken, 1st Viscount Bracken (1901–1958)
- Evelyn Waugh (1903–1966)
- Captain Philip Dunne, MC (1904-1965)
- Loel Guinness (1906–1988)
- David Niven (1909–1983)
- Randolph Churchill (1911–1968)
- Arthur Ponsonby, 11th Earl of Bessborough (1912-2002)
- Squadron Leader Christopher "Jack" Riddle, RAF (1914–2009)
- Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, PC, QC (1919-2006)
- Christopher Soames (1920–1987)
- Pieter Kenyon Fleming-Voltelyn van der Byl, ID (1923–1999)
- Colin Ingleby-Mackenzie (1933-2006)
- Anthony Brand, 6th Viscount Hampden (1937-2008)
- Michael Onslow, 7th Earl of Onslow (1938-2011)
- David Cameron (until July 2013)
To view a list of current members see, List of White's members
- Wheeler, Brian (24 November 2003). "'If anybody wants me, I'll be at my club'". BBC News Online. BBC News. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- Rance, Penelope (3 January 2013). "Joining the club". Economia. Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- Laura Pitel (19 July 2013). "Cameron declares war on the gentlemen’s club". The Times. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
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- Harry Mount (18 July 2013). "Disowned by Cameron, the raffish men-only club that his father once ran". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Association of London Clubs". The Association of London Clubs. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
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- English Heritage. "White's Club (Grade I) (1264877)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Rose Prince (24 October 2008). "White's gentlemans' club reveal what men really like to eat". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Cave Brown, Anthony (1988). The Secret Servant: The Life of Sir Stewart Menzies, Churchill's Spymaster. London: Michael Joseph. p. 148. ISBN 0718127455.
- Christopher Hibbert; London, the Biography of a City; 1969; William Morrow, NY
- Stella Margetson; Regency London; 1971; Prawger Publishers, Inc. NY
- Ellen Moers; The Dandy: Brummell to Beerbohm; 1960; The Viking Press, Inc., NY
- Dod's Parliamentary Companion (various editions)