White-faced saki

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White-faced saki[1]
Pithecia pithecia.jpg
Male White-faced Saki (Pithecia pithecia)
Female White faced saki (Pithecia pithecia).jpg
Female White-faced Saki (Pithecia pithecia)
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Pitheciidae
Subfamily: Pitheciinae
Genus: Pithecia
Species: P. pithecia
Binomial name
Pithecia pithecia
(Linnaeus, 1766)
White-faced Saki area.png
White-faced Saki range

The white-faced saki (Pithecia pithecia), also known as the Guianan saki and the golden-faced saki, is a species of saki monkey, a type of New World monkey, found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. This species lives in the understory and lower canopy of the forest, feeding mostly on fruits, but also eating nuts, seeds, and insects.

There are two recognized subspecies of this monkey:

  • Pithecia pithecia pithecia
  • Pithecia pithecia chrysocephala

Reproduction[edit]

Female (left) and male (right) Pithecia pithecia, illustrating sexual dimorphism in coat coloration.

In captivity, female white-faced sakis experience ovarian cycles of approximately 17 days, and a gestational period of 20–21 weeks. Following birth, the mother undergoes a period of lactationally-induced fertility lasting 23 weeks, on average.[3]

Sakis of the Pithecia pithecia species display noticeable sexual dichromism in their coloration. Females have shorter hair than males, with brownish-grey fur and white or pale brown stripes around the corners of the nose and mouth. Males, on the other hand, have blacker fur, with a reddish-white forehead, face, and throat.[4]

Behavior[edit]

A pair often mates for life. They are very devoted and will strengthen their bond by grooming one another.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 148. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Marsh, L. (2008). Pithecia pithecia. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  3. ^ Savage, A., et al. (1995). Selected aspects of female white-faced saki (Pithecia pithecia) reproductive biology in captivity. Zoo Biology, 14(5), 441–452. Retrieved 8 July 2008, from Wiley InterScience Journals database. doi:10.1002/zoo.1430140506.
  4. ^ Sakis Pithecia. (23 Feb 2004). Retrieved 8 July 2008, from Mark V. Flinn, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Missouri-Columbia

External links[edit]