White Aryan Resistance (Sweden)
White Aryan Resistance (Swedish: Vitt Ariskt Motstånd), also known as VAM, was a militant neo-nazi group active in Sweden between 1991 and 1993. The name of the group was derived from the US White supremacist organisation WAR however the point of the acronym is lost in the translation. According to Stieg Larsson, a researcher of white supremacist organizations, the group was instead  styled on the then already defunct US White supremacist group The Order, led by Robert Matthews. VAM was founded by Klas Lund, other leading members were Torulf Magnusson and Peter Melander, editor of the group's magazine Storm. The organisation's symbol was the "Wolfsangel". VAM has been implicated in many serious crimes in Sweden, including the infamous Police-murders in Malexander (Malexandermorden), car bombings of political journalists and murders of perceived opponents. According to a report prepared and jointly published in November 1999 by Sweden's four largest daily newspapers, Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet, many former members of this violent organisation are now members of present-day neo-Nazi organisations.
After VAM, Klas Lund organised The Swedish Resistance Movement (Swedish: Svenska Motståndsrörelsen). Another VAM off-shoot is the National Socialist Front (Swedish: Nationalsocialistisk Front, NSF) which was formed in 1994 by VAM sympathisers in Karlskrona.