White Bluff, Tennessee

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White Bluff, Tennessee
Town
Location of White Bluff, Tennessee
Location of White Bluff, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°6′29″N 87°13′13″W / 36.10806°N 87.22028°W / 36.10806; -87.22028Coordinates: 36°6′29″N 87°13′13″W / 36.10806°N 87.22028°W / 36.10806; -87.22028
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Dickson
Settled 1806[1]
Incorporated 1869[2]
Named for Bluffs overlooking Turnbull Creek[1]
Area
 • Total 4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)
 • Land 4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 833 ft (254 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,206
 • Density 536.9/sq mi (207.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37187
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-79980[3]
GNIS feature ID 1304517[4]
Website townofwhitebluff.com

White Bluff is a town in Dickson County, Tennessee. The population was 2,142 at the 2000 census and 3,206 at the 2010 census. The community name derives from the White Bluff Iron Forge.

History[edit]

A fort was constructed at White Bluff in 1806, and an iron forge shortly afterward.[1] The current town, which grew out of a Civil War-era Union Army encampment, was platted in 1867, and within a few years had grown to include several mercantile businesses and a planing mill.[5]

Geography[edit]

White Bluff is located at 36°6′29″N 87°13′13″W / 36.10806°N 87.22028°W / 36.10806; -87.22028 (36.107971, -87.220300).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10 km2), all land.

White Bluff is located on U.S. Route 70 at its junction with Route 47.

White Bluff is east of Montgomery Bell State Park.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 419
1920 449 7.2%
1930 464 3.3%
1940 522 12.5%
1950 506 −3.1%
1960 486 −4.0%
1970 1,163 139.3%
1980 2,055 76.7%
1990 1,988 −3.3%
2000 2,142 7.7%
2010 3,206 49.7%
Est. 2012 3,291 2.7%
Sources:[7][8]

At the 2000 census,[3] there were 2,142 people, 881 households and 604 families residing in the town. The population density was 536.9 per square mile (207.3/km²). There were 947 housing units at an average density of 237.4 per square mile (91.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.13% White, 0.65% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.

There were 881 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96.

24.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

The median household income was $34,107 and the median family income was $39,219. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $25,260 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,229. About 6.1% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

There have been several public and private schools in the area. The first public school was destroyed by fire in 1879. White Bluff now has White Bluff Elementary School and Williams James School. The original William James was built in 1923 on land donated by Colonel William James, a Spanish-American War officer from whom it gets its team sports name, the Colonels, and who is entombed within the current building. (The 1923 building was demolished after the 1971-1972 school year.) It was a high school (for many years all twelve grades were on the site) until 1972 when it became a junior high school (grades 7–9). In the 1999-2000 school year, the school was changed to a middle school (grades 5–8) as part of a district-wide realignment, hence its current name, William James Middle School.

Area attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Anson A. Mount IV, star of stage and screen. Anson's father, Anson Mount, also grew up in White Bluff, and became a sports writer for Playboy magazine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "History of White Bluff," Town of White Bluff official website. Retrieved: 1 March 2013.
  2. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Goodspeed's History of Dickson County, Tennessee (1886), transcribed by Susan Knight Gore for TNGenWeb.org. Retrieved: 1 March 2013.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]