White County, Indiana

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White County, Indiana
White County Courthouse in Monticello.jpg
White County Courthouse in Monticello
Map of Indiana highlighting White County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1834
Named for Isaac White
Seat Monticello
Largest city Monticello
Area
 • Total 508.68 sq mi (1,317 km2)
 • Land 505.12 sq mi (1,308 km2)
 • Water 3.56 sq mi (9 km2), 0.70%
Population
 • (2010) 24,643
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 91

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,643.[1] The county seat is Monticello.[2]

History[edit]

White County was formed in 1834. It was named for Isaac White of Equality, Illinois who was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. White was a Colonel in the Illinois militia, who volunteered to serve as a Private in the Indiana militia in the march against Prophetstown. He was placed under the command of Kentucky Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss. The two exchanged swords in a demonstration of mutual respect at Fort Vincennes. In the Battle of Tippecanoe they died together and were buried in a common grave at Battle Ground.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 508.68 square miles (1,317.5 km2), of which 505.12 square miles (1,308.3 km2) (or 99.30%) is land and 3.56 square miles (9.2 km2) (or 0.70%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Monticello, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
33
17
 
 
1.9
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
51
31
 
 
3.5
 
64
40
 
 
3.9
 
74
50
 
 
4.1
 
83
60
 
 
4.2
 
86
63
 
 
4
 
84
61
 
 
2.9
 
78
53
 
 
2.7
 
66
42
 
 
3.1
 
51
33
 
 
2.7
 
38
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Monticello have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1963 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.94 inches (49 mm) in February to 4.16 inches (106 mm) in July.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,832
1850 4,761 159.9%
1860 8,258 73.5%
1870 10,554 27.8%
1880 13,795 30.7%
1890 15,671 13.6%
1900 19,138 22.1%
1910 17,602 −8.0%
1920 17,351 −1.4%
1930 15,831 −8.8%
1940 17,037 7.6%
1950 18,042 5.9%
1960 19,709 9.2%
1970 20,995 6.5%
1980 23,867 13.7%
1990 23,265 −2.5%
2000 25,267 8.6%
2010 24,643 −2.5%
Est. 2012 24,426 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 25,267 people, 9,727 households, and 7,090 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 12,083 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.20% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.19% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 5.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.7% were of German, 21.1% American, 9.2% English and 8.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,727 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,707, and the median income for a family was $46,436. Males had a median income of $33,232 versus $21,431 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,323. About 4.30% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.80% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools in White County are administered by the Frontier School Corporation, North White School Corporation, Tri-County School Corporation and Twin Lakes School Corporation.

High Schools and Middle Schools

Elementary Schools

[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "White County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Monticello, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′N 86°52′W / 40.75°N 86.86°W / 40.75; -86.86