White Haitian

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White Haitians
Total population
Less than 500,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Haiti
Languages
French, Haitian Creole
Religion
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Other Haitians, French, Canadians, Dutch, Italians, Lebanese, Poles, Russians, Swiss, Syrians, Black Haitians

White Haitians (French: blanc haïtiens [blɒŋ aisiɛ̃]; Haitian Creole: blan ayisyen) are Haitians of predominantly European, or Levantine descent.

Josaphat-Robert Large, poet, novelist and art critic.

White Haitians are descendants of 20th century immigrants. Most French colonists died or fled Saint-Domingue during the Haitian Revolution and the surviving remainder were annihilated in the 1804 Haiti Massacre. Prior the United States occupation of Haiti, both the Haitian citizenship and the right to purchase land or any property was vetoed to white people.[2] In the late 19th century, European merchants who wanted to invest in Haiti had to marry Haitian women to use them as legal figureheads; this led to a gradual whitening of the new ruling class.

As of 2013, people of solely European descent are a small minority in Haiti. The combined population of whites and mulattoes constitutes 5% of the population, roughly half a million people.[3] Note that people born to foreigners on Haitian soil are not automatically Haitian citizens due to the jus sanguinis (from Latin, meaning "right of blood") principle of nationality law.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html
  2. ^ F. James Davis, Who is Black?: One Nation’s Definition (University Park PA, 1991), 87-88.
  3. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook -- Haiti". CIA. Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-04. 
  4. ^ Paraison, Edwin (9 May 2009). "Doble nacionalidad; La Constitución haitiana en la diáspora" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 13 April 2014.