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White Horse (Taylor Swift song)

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"White Horse"
Single by Taylor Swift
from the album Fearless
Released December 7, 2008[1]
Format CD single, digital download
Recorded 2008
Genre Country pop
Length 3:55
Label Big Machine
Writer(s) Taylor Swift, Liz Rose
Producer(s) Taylor Swift, Nathan Chapman
Taylor Swift singles chronology
"Love Story"
(2008)
"White Horse"
(2008)
"You Belong with Me"
(2009)
Music video
"White Horse" on YouTube

"White Horse" is a song performed by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. The song was written by Swift and Liz Rose and produced by Nathan Chapman, with Swift's aid. The song was released on December 7, 2008 by Big Machine Records, as the second single from Swift's second studio album Fearless (2008). Swift and Rose composed the song about one of Swift's ex-boyfriends, when Swift discovered he was not what she had perceived of him. It focused on the moment where Swift accepted that the relationship was over. "White Horse" is, musically, a country pop song and uses sparse production to emphasize vocals. Lyrically, the track speaks of disillusionment and pain in a relationship, drawing references to fairytales.

Critically, "White Horse" garnered generally positive reception. At the 2010 Grammy Awards, "White Horse" won the Grammy Awards for Best Country Song and Best Female Country Vocal Performance. The song also performed well commercially, although it did not duplicate the success of its predecessor, "Love Story". In the United States, it peaked at number thirteen in the Billboard Hot 100 and number two on Hot Country Songs. It was later certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The song's accompanying music video was directed by Trey Fanjoy, who directed the majority of Swift's prior videos. The video features Swift as she decides to end a relationship via phone call. In the video, Swift recalls multiple memories with her love interest, both positive and negative. Swift promoted "White Horse" via live performances, including numerous during the Fearless Tour (2009–10).

Background[edit]

Swift performing "White Horse" at the 2010 Cavendish Beach Music Festival in Canada.

Swift commenced composing "White Horse" almost a year before the release of Fearless,[2] weeks after composing Fearless '​s lead single "Love Story", songs which are quite disparate lyrically. Swift first solely wrote the first verse. She then made a phone call to Liz Rose, co-writer of most tracks on Swift's eponymous debut studio album, Taylor Swift (2006), asking for her aid in finishing the song; the two completed writing the song in approximately forty-five minutes.[3] The song was inspired by a boyfriend of Swift's who she perceived to be a Prince Charming and, in the downfall of the relationship, then realized he was not.[2] She said he was the person who triggered the song, but, once in the midst of writing it, drifted in direction.[4] It focused on the initial moment where she recognized the relationship was over. She said everything after that particular moment centered around recuperation and, because of that, considered it the most solemn aspect of a breakup: "To me, 'White Horse' is about what, in my opinion, is the most heart-breaking part of a break-up – that moment when you realize that all the dreams you had, all those visions you had of being with this person, all that disappears."[5] About the difference in themes between "White Horse" and "Love Story", Swift explained that in divergent scenarios, she regarded fairytales in different manners. She attributed the fact that because she did not expect to go through the event, then she became more inclined to come in terms with reality.[6]

"When we're little girls, our parents read us storybooks. And we think that Prince Charming's gonna come along, is gonna have a white cape on, is going to put us on a pedestal. And the bad guy wears black and we always know who that guy is. But what we don't realize is that, in reality, the bad guy is wearing jeans. And he's cute. And he's charming, makes you laugh, and you believe him. You think he's the good guy. Then, you realize he's not."[4]

The song was not originally intended to be included on Fearless, due to Swift believing solemness was already represented accurately on the album; therefore, Swift was planning on including the track on her third studio album, what would become Speak Now in 2010.[5] However, when Swift's Los Angeles managing agency set up an appointment with the executive producers of her favorite television series, Grey's Anatomy, Betsy Beers and Shonda Rhimes, they discussed including Swift's music on the series. Swift chose to play them "White Horse" live with an acoustic guitar.[5] Beers and Rhimes were very impressed and told Swift they would respond her via telephone as soon as they could. Swift decided to not include the track on Fearless, until the producers responded, which they did not for some time. When Grey's Anatomy '​s representatives called, Swift and Nathan Chapman recorded the song immediately, sent a CD to them, and they decided to use it on the television series.[5] "White Horse" debuted on the fifth season premiere of Grey's Anatomy, "Dream a Little Dream of Me", on September 25, 2008.[7]

Composition[edit]

An 23-second audio sample of Taylor Swift's "White Horse", a ballad that speaks about the ending of fairytales from the perspective of a hurt woman.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"White Horse" is a country pop song with a length of three minutes and 55 seconds.[8] It is set in common time and has a tempo of 92 beats per minute.[9] Therefore, it is categorized as ballad.[10] It is written in the key of C major and Swift's vocals span one octave, from G3 to A4.[9] "White Horse" follows the chord progression C5–F(add)2–Am7–F(add)2.[9] The song is based upon a pop hook,[11] and has an instrumentation mainly based on acoustic guitar and soft piano, with accents of cello.[7][12] The production, however, is sparse, leaving an emphasis on Swift's soft[10] and breathy vocals.[11]

The lyrics of "White Horse" are written in first person, with Swift reflecting on an occasion when a relationship, which seemed like a fairytale in the commence, fell apart: "I'm not a princess, this ain't a fairytale/ I'm not the one you'll sweep off her feet/ Lead her up the stairwell."[10][12] The track spoke about pain and disillusionment,[10] in the clear perspective of a reborn realist.[13] Due to the heartbreak, the protagonist escapes from the small town that she resided in.[14] Several music critics, like Kate Kiefer of Paste, noted the lyrical disparity between "White Horse" and Swift's previous single, "Love Story", where Swift viewed fairytales in a positive light, with a happy ending.[10][15] Kiefer assumed that "White Horse" withdrew everything she said in "Love Story".[15]

Critical reception[edit]

August Brown of The Los Angeles Times compared the song with Dolly Parton's "Jolene" (1973), saying Parton would have recognized her own predicament in "White Horse" and may have congratulated Swift for attempting to move on.[16] Jonathan Keefe of Slant Magazine called "White Horse" a "lovely ballad" with a prominent hook and deemed it "easily the best song" on Fearless. However, Keefer stated, "Even 'White Horse' [...] makes use of a well-worn, clichéd image that Swift doesn't use in any novel way."[11] Josh Love of The Village Voice thought "preternatural wisdom and inclusiveness" shined through the lyrics and theme of "White Horse"; Love also mentioned that it was one of Fearless' "great songs".[13] Lucy Davies of the BBC said it demonstrated how repetitive the lyrical themes on Fearless were. She noted Swift recycled the phrase "face of an angel" from the album's previous track, "Hey Stephen".[17] An uncredited review from Billboard stated, "The second single from Taylor Swift's top-selling CD is a beautiful, understated ballad that showcases her skill with a lyric and shines a spotlight on her signature tender, heart-on-her-sleeve vocals." The review stated that the latter was accomplished by the song's production, which made Swift's vocal performance more palpable and emotive. The review also complimented the song, as something everyone could relate to.[10] Kate Kiefer of Paste recognized it to be one of Swift's best songs.[15] Sean Dooley of About.com attributed the track's effectiveness to be in how Swift captured the heartbreaking moment.[12] While reviewing Fearless, Dooley selected "White Horse" as one of the best tracks on the album.[18] At the 52nd Grammy Awards, "White Horse" won the Grammy Awards for Best Country Song and Best Female Country Vocal Performance.[19]

Chart performance[edit]

On the week ending November 29, 2008, "White Horse" debuted and peaked at number thirteen on the Billboard Hot 100. Its appearance, along with six other songs, on the chart tied Swift with Hannah Montana (Miley Cyrus) for the female act to have the most songs charting on the Billboard Hot 100 in the same week,[20] a record later surpassed by Swift herself when she charted eleven songs at once in 2010.[21] The following week, the song dropped to number fifty-six,[22] and, on the week ending April 25, 2009, it spent its last week on the Billboard Hot 100 at number forty-four, after a total of twenty-two weeks on the chart.[23][24] The song is one of thirteen songs from Fearless charted within the top forty of the Billboard Hot 100, breaking the record for the most top forty entries from a single album.[25] The single was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipments exceeding one million copies.[26] As of November 2014, "White Horse" has sold 1.9 million copies in the United States.[27]

The single debuted at number thirty-seven on Billboard Hot Country Songs on the week-ending December 12, 2008. It jumped at number twenty-six on the following week, the biggest jump of the week.[28] On the week ending February 14, 2009, it entered the top ten at number ten, scoring Swift's seventh consecutive top ten hit on the chart.[29] It peaked at number two on the week-ending April 4, 2009 and held there on the following week before dropping at number seven.[30][31][32] It charted for a total of twenty weeks on Billboard Hot Country Songs.

"White Horse" debuted at number twenty-seven in Canada on the week ending November 29, 2008.[33] On the week ending January 24, 2009, "White Horse" peaked at number forty-three in Canada.[34] It was certified gold by Music Canada for sales of 40,000 digital downloads.[35] In Australia, the track entered at its peak at number forty-one on the week ending February 22, 2009.[36] In United Kingdom, "White Horse" debuted and peaked at number sixty on the week ending March 21, 2009. It stayed on United Kingdom for two weeks.[37]

Music video[edit]

Swift crying on the living room floor (top) and frolicking with actor Stephen Colletti (bottom) in the music video for "White Horse".

The accompanying music video for "White Horse" was directed by Trey Fanjoy, who directed the majority of Swift's prior videos. Swift commented that Fanjoy was her first choice to film the video because she understood the direction Swift wanted to take and how to make the video different than the prior ones they filmed.[2] The video's plot centered on infidelity. However, because the theme had appeared on the video for "Picture to Burn", the scenario was reversed, rather than removed entirely, for Swift thought it was inevitable to include it. It was conceptualized so that Swift was the person who someone was unfaithful to, but the one who someone was unfaithful with: "This girl falls in love with this guy and he's perfect. He's adorable. He's charming. He's endearing. She falls in love with him. Then, she comes to realize that he's been leading a double life. He was already in a relationship years before he ever met her [...] You find out that I'm the one that was ruining a relationship without even knowing it."[2] Swift chose actor Stephen Colletti to portray the role of her love interest. She had previously seen him on the reality television series Laguna Beach: The Real Orange County, where she acknowledged him to be "cute", and later on One Tree Hill, where she was impressed by his acting skills; thus, Colletti was contacted to portray the character.[2] Swift chose Colletti primarily because of his sweet and endearing demeanor. As a result, the character would seem very loyal, as though he would never betray his partner. Therefore, others did not expect for him to betray Swift either. "That's always the hardest thing, when someone has you fooled so much that you think they're never gonna hurt you. And then they do. That's when you get the worst heartbreak", Swift said.[2]

The video was shot in one day in January 2009 in Nashville, Tennessee.[2][38] Frolicking scenes between Swift and Colletti were filmed first; the lunch, outdoor, and indoor scenes followed.[2] Coincidentally, on the day of filming, it rained heavily, something which Swift was enlightened by, since it corresponded to the video's gloomy and dark feel. Swift said it aided in making the video less colorful lighting-wise, and more fixated on muted tones.[2] The last scenes were more difficult for Swift because they involved crying. She attributed the difficulty to the number of people surrounding her and watching, something she was not accustomed to. However, Fanjoy, who was once an actress, guided her into thinking about what made her most solemn, and completing the scene effectively.[2] Fanjoy said the scenes demonstrated what an exceptional actress Swift was, adding she took direction very well.[2] The scene took approximately three hours to film.[38]

The video premiered on February 7, 2009 on CMT.[39] The video commences with a close-ups of Swift's and Colletti's mouths as they speak via telephone. He begins, "All I want is you. Do you love me?" She affirms, and he asks for another chance. The video transitions to Swift sitting on the living room floor, next to a fireplace. She performs as she flashbacks to memories with Colletti. The two frolic on a brown couch and play with a deck of cards. The video then transitions to Swift and her friend having lunch a restaurant, where Swift's friend informs her of Colletti's betrayal. The two converse and, then, Swift is seen walking on the streets during nighttime. She sees Colletti arriving at a house with groceries and, after staring at each other, a redheaded woman walks out of the house. In a panic, Swift runs away and the video transcends to the phone call, which commenced in the beginning of the video, with Colletti repeating, "Will you give me another chance?" A rapid flashback of cut-scenes is played and, after its conclusion, Swift denies his request, hangs up, and cries. Cut-scenes feature Swift and Colletti frolicking, Swift walking in the streets, and her sitting beside the fireplace.

Live performances[edit]

On her first televised performance of "White Horse", on November 23, 2008, at the 2008 American Music Awards, Swift donned a white evening gown as she sat on floral-patterned couch.[40] While promoting the song, she later performed it at the Nomination Concert for the 51st Grammy Awards, where she coupled it in a medley with a cover of Brenda Lee's "I'm Sorry",[41] and the AOL Sessions.[42] Since, Swift has performed the track at the Studio 330 Sessions,[43] the 2009 CMA Music Festival,[44] the 2009 V Festival,[45] the Australian charity concert Sydney Sound Relief,[46] and on Dancing with the Stars.[47] Swift performed "White Horse" on all venues in 2009 and 2010 of her first headlining concert tour, the Fearless Tour. During the performances, Swift wore a pastel sundress as performed solely playing an acoustic guitar, standing at the edge of the stage's runway.[48] In the concert on May 22, 2009, at Staples Center in Los Angeles, California, Swift sang "White Horse" in duet with American singer John Mayer.[49] Reviewing the June 2, 2010 concert at Verizon Center in Washington, D.C., Dave McKenna of The Washington Post reported, "On 'White Horse,' the chorus of believers also joined in, and threw their young fists in the air to yell Swift's esteem-free but cathartic climax, 'I'm gonna find someone someday who might actually treat me well!'"[50] Swift said in a 2012 interview with Cosmopolitan that White Horse is in fact her favorite song to sing live, "a song that I've always been proud of because it's about that really horrible feeling of a one-sided relationship that isn't balanced; it's one-sided. You clearly love him more than he loves you, and you know it. And it's a sinking feeling, but it's also a really intoxicating feeling. And a lot of times girls will end up in these relationships where he's not giving you anything so you'll take the crumbs. In my mind what hurts the most is what they didn't say. It's when they knew I needed to hear something and they wouldn't just say it. They knew I needed commitment or loyalty or reassurance, and they wouldn't give it."

Track listings[edit]

  • CD Single
  1. "White Horse" (Album Version) – 3:55
  2. "White Horse" (Radio Edit) – 3:22

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[55] Gold 35,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[56] Gold 40,000^
United States (RIAA)[57] 2× Platinumdagger 1,900,000[27]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

dagger Since May 2013 RIAA certifications for digital singles include on-demand audio and/or video song streams in addition to downloads.[58]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]