White House (Moscow)
The White House (Russian: Белый дом, tr. Bely dom; IPA: ['bʲɛlɨj dom]), also known as the Russian White House, is a government building in Moscow. It stands on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment. Construction started in 1965 and ended in 1981. Originally called The House of Soviets, it was designed by the architects Dmitry Chechulin and P. Shteller. Overall design follows Chechulin's 1934 draft of the Aeroflot building.
Use of the building
Upon completion in 1981, the White House was used by the Supreme Soviet of Russia, which had until then held its sessions in the Grand Kremlin Palace. The Supreme Soviet of Russia remained in the building until the end of the Soviet Union, as well as during the first years of the Russian Federation. The White House was pictured on a 50 kopeck stamp in 1991, honoring the resistance to the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt.
After the end of the Soviet Union, the White House continued to serve as the seat of the Russian parliament.
1993 Russian constitutional crisis
The White House stood damaged for some time after the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and the black burns from tank shelling became famous, so much so that it became tradition for newlyweds to be photographed in front of its damaged facade.
The reformed parliament, known thereafter by its Tsarist era title of State Duma, was elected in 1994 and moved to another building on Moscow's Okhotny Ryad. The renovated White House now houses the Russian government. An inscription at the base of the tower reads, "House of the Government of the Russian Federation."
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