White House Office

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White House Office
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1857
Headquarters West Wing of the White House
Employees About 150
Agency executive Denis McDonough, Assistant to the President and White House Chief of Staff
Parent agency Executive Office of the President of the United States
Website White House Office
President Barack Obama (in the foreground, facing away) meeting April 29, 2009 with senior White House staff.
Individuals present (l-r): David Axelrod (Senior Advisor), Jim Messina (Deputy Chief of Staff), Pete Rouse (Senior Advisor), Rahm Emanuel (Chief of Staff), Robert Gibbs (Press Secretary), Phil Schiliro (Director of Legislative Affairs), Mona Sutphen (Deputy Chief of Staff), Alyssa Mastromonaco (Director of Scheduling and Advance) and Valerie Jarrett (Senior Advisor).

The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The White House Office is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, who is also the head of the Executive Office.[1] The staff of the various offices are based in the West Wing and East Wing of the White House, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, and the New Executive Office Building. It is made up of personal assistants to the president with offices in the White House. These aides oversee the political and policy interests of the president and do not require Senate confirmation for appointment. They can be removed at the discretion of the president (Examples: National Security Adviser, special consultant to the president)

History[edit]

Established in the Executive Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 1 of 1939 and Executive Order 8248 to provide assistance to the President in the performance of his many detailed activities incident to his immediate office. The White House Office is organized in accordance with the wishes of each incumbent President and is directed by staff chosen by the President. A staff authorization was initially established in 1978 (92 Stat. 2445). Some presidential boards, committees, and commissions function organizationally as subunits of the White House Office.[2]

Although still a subunit of the EOP, the White House Office remains the centerpiece of the presidential staff system. In many ways it is closest to the President both in physical proximity, its top aides occupy most of the offices in the West Wing, and in its impact on the day-to-day operations, deliberations, policy agendas, and public communications of a presidency. During the transition to office and continuing throughout an administration, the President enjoys a great deal of discretion in terms of how the White House Office is organized.[1]

Mission[edit]

Presidents are free to determine what sub offices and functions will be represented in the staff structure. Most White Houses have some set of staffs handling national security, domestic, and economic policy, but their organizations can vary significantly. Most recent White Houses have offices that deal with the cabinet, congressional affairs, political affairs, intergovernmental affairs, and liaison with the public and a variety of constituency groups. There are usually large operations devoted to the media: a press office, a communications office, other media liaison, and the speechwriting staff. There are offices handling scheduling and preparations for when the President physically leaves the White House (the Advance Office), and a large White House personnel office that oversees presidential appointments throughout the government.

The issues that confront the United States at any one time can not be dealt with by the President alone, and therefore he (or she) must draw on the expertise of the staff he has surrounding him. Successfully launching a presidential policy initiative, effectively staging a presidential event, planning and conducting a meeting of world leaders, or delivering a major address to the nation, all require the collective contributions of different parts of the White House staff. For this to happen effectively there must be a few tough, strong offices pulling the pieces together. First and foremost is the Office of the Chief of Staff. The role and duties of a Chief of Staff vary from administration to administration and even within an administration as one chief of staff may differ from a predecessor or successor. While Chiefs of Staff may differ in the degree of policy advice they provide a President, they are at base the managers of the White House staff system. At least in theory, they are the coordinators bringing the pieces together; they are the tone-setters and disciplinarians making for good organizational order, and often act as the gatekeeper for the President, overseeing every person, document and communication that goes to the President.[1]

Organization[edit]

Office of the Chief of Staff[edit]

Domestic Policy Council[edit]

National Economic Council[edit]

  • Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council: Jeffrey Zients

Office of Cabinet Affairs[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary: Broderick Johnson

Office of Communications[edit]

Office of Digital Strategy[edit]

Office of the First Lady[edit]

Office of Legislative Affairs[edit]

  • Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Katie Fallon
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Amy Rosenbaum
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison: Jonathan D. Samuels
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison: Anne Wall

Office of Management and Administration[edit]

  • Assistant to the President for Management and Administration: Katy Kale

Office of the National Security Advisor[edit]

Office of Political Strategy and Outreach[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Political Strategy and Outreach: David Simas
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Political Strategy and Outreach: Robert Schmuck
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Political Strategy and Outreach: Joseph Paulsen

Office of Presidential Personnel[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel: Johnathan McBride

Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs[edit]

  • Senior Advisor and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement: Valerie Jarrett[3]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for the Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs: Yohannes Abraham[4]
    • Office of Public Engagement
      • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Engagement: Paulette Aniskoff
    • Office of Intergovernmental Affairs
      • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: Jerry Abramson[5]
    • Council on Women and Girls
    • Office of Urban Affairs, Justice and Opportunity
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for the Office of Urban Affairs, Justice and Opportunity: Roy Austin, Jr.

Office of Scheduling and Advance[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance: Danielle White Crutchfield

Office of the Staff Secretary[edit]

Office of the White House Counsel[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President: W. Neil Eggleston
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Michael Bosworth
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Brian Egan
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Christopher Kang
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Jennifer O'Connor

Oval Office Operations[edit]

White House Fellows[edit]

White House Military Office[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c John P. Burke. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ Harold C. Relyea (March 17, 2008). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview". Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  3. ^ "President-elect Obama and Vice President-elect Biden announce key White House staff" (Press release). Office of the President-Elect. Retrieved April 21, 2009. 
  4. ^ Slack, Donovan. "More White House staff changes . . .". Politico. 
  5. ^ Loftus, Tom (2014-11-06). "Abramson resigns to work for Obama". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved November 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Establishing A White House Council On Women And Girls" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. March 11, 2009. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  7. ^ "President Obama Appoints Cindy S. Moelis as the Director for the Presidential Commission on White House Fellows" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. April 21, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2009.