White Hunter Black Heart
|White Hunter, Black Heart|
|Directed by||Clint Eastwood|
|Produced by||Clint Eastwood|
|Screenplay by||Peter Viertel
|Music by||Lennie Niehaus|
|Cinematography||Jack N. Green|
|Edited by||Joel Cox|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$2 million|
White Hunter Black Heart is a 1990 American film, directed by and starring Clint Eastwood as John Wilson, based on the book by Peter Viertel. Viertel also co-wrote the script with James Bridges and Burt Kennedy. The film was based on several Golden Age of Hollywood movie producers. The main character is based on real-life director John Huston; at times, Eastwood can be heard drawing out his vowels, speaking in Huston's distinctive style. George Dzundza's character is based on African Queen producer Sam Spiegel.
The story centers on world-renowned film maker John Wilson (Eastwood), who travels to Africa for his next film bringing with him a young writer chum named Pete Verrill (Jeff Fahey). While there he becomes obsessed with hunting elephants while neglecting the preparations for the film. This leads to a conflict between the men on several levels, most notably over the idea of killing for sport such a grand animal. Even Wilson concedes that it is so wrong that it is not just a crime against nature, but a "sin." Yet he cannot overcome his desire to bring down a giant bull, a "tusker" with massive ivory tusks. Wilson's final realization that his is a petty, ignoble pursuit comes at a late point and with a tragic price, as the local expert guide Kivu (Boy Mathias Chuma) is killed protecting him from an elephant Wilson decides not to shoot.
The film is a thinly disguised account of writer Peter Viertel's experiences working with John Huston (the Wilson character) while he made the film The African Queen, which was shot on location in Africa at a time when location shoots outside of the United States for American films were very rare.
- Clint Eastwood as John Wilson
- Jeff Fahey as Pete Verrill
- Alun Armstrong as Ralph Lockhart
- George Dzundza as Paul Landers
- Marisa Berenson as Kay Gibson
- Charlotte Cornwell as Miss Wilding, Wilson's Secretary
- Norman Lumsden as Butler George
- Edward Tudor-Pole as Reissar, British Partner
- Roddy Maude-Roxby as Thompson, British Partner
- Richard Warwick as Basil Fields, British Partner
- Timothy Spall as Hodkins, Bush Pilot
The film was shot on location in Kariba, Zimbabwe and surrounds including at Lake Kariba, Victoria Falls and Hwange, over two months in the summer of 1989. Some interiors were shot in and around Pinewood Studios in England. The boat used in the film was constructed in England of glass fibre and shipped to Africa for filming. It was electrically powered, but was fitted with motors and engines by special effects expert John Evans to make the boat appear to be steam-powered. The elephant gun used in the film was a £65,000 double barrelled elephant magnum made by Holland & Holland, the gunmakers who had made the gun used by Huston when he was in Africa for The African Queen in 1951. The White Hunter Black Heart filmmakers took great care with the gun and sold it back to Holland & Holland after filming "unharmed, unscratched, unused".
The film received positive reviews with review tallying website rottentomatoes.com reporting that 28 out of the 35 reviews they tallied were positive for a score of 85% and a certification of "fresh".
The film has grown significantly in critical stature, especially in light of the films Eastwood made immediately afterwards. Many of these, like White Hunter, Black Heart, turned out to be self-reflexive and self-conscious works criticizing and deconstructing Eastwood's own iconography. Jim Hoberman of The Village Voice hailed it as "Eastwood’s best work before Unforgiven…[an] underrated hall-of-mirrors movie about movie-inspired megalomania." Dave Kehr and Jonathan Rosenbaum consider it a masterpiece, with the latter pointing out the Brechtian nature of Eastwood's performance, as he never disappears into the role he is playing; instead, Eastwood is always recognizably his unique star persona while showing us what he imagines Huston (i.e. Wilson) to have been. The result is "a running commentary on his two subjects, Huston and himself—the ruminations and questions of a free man."
Box office performance
White Hunter Black Heart's gross theatrical earnings reached just over $2 million, well below the film's $24 million budget.
- Hughes, Howard, Aim for the Heart: The Films of Clint Eastwood, p.147, I.B. Tauris, London, 2009, ISBN 978-1-84511-902-7.
- Production designer John Graysmark interview, Cue International May 1990.
- Hughes, Howard, Aim for the Heart: The Films of Clint Eastwood, p.144, I.B. Tauris, London, 2009, ISBN 978-1-84511-902-7.
- "Festival de Cannes: White Hunter Black Heart". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-08-07.
- rottentomatoes.com, White Hunter, Black Heart entry, accessed February 18, 2011
- Hoberman, Jim. "Voice Choices: White Hunter, Black Heart". The Village Voice. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "A Free Man". Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- White Hunter Black Heart at the Internet Movie Database
- White Hunter Black Heart at Rotten Tomatoes
- Movie stills