- For the Edgar Rice Burroughs' White Martians see; Barsoom
Cover of JLA 57 (Oct, 2001). Art by Bryan Hitch.
|Created by||Grant Morrison (writer)
Howard Porter (artist)
|Place of origin||Mars|
The White Martians are one of three fictional extraterrestrial races native to Mars in the DC Comics' shared universe. White Martians, also known as Pale Martians, appear in the comics of the DC Universe, chiefly JLA, Martian Manhunter, and Son of Vulcan.
As a race of shapeshifters, physical appearance has little meaning for Martians. The underlying psychological differences are what separated the peaceful Green Martians from the war-like Whites. White Martians have configured their physiology to reflect their philosophy, becoming a separate race from the Green Martians, and the Yellow Martians. In the current DC continuity, their preferred form is that of angular, hairless humanoids with chalky white skin which often forms bony ridges or plates, giving them the appearance of armor. They have sometimes been seen to have a gaping mouth on their thorax and a horn on the same level on each side.
It was eventually retconned that the White Martians did not evolve alongside the Green Martians as was previously believed. In reality the green and white Martians were part of the same race, known as "The Burning". This race used fire to reproduce asexually and were belligerent to all. The Guardians of the Universe, fearing the ruthlessly and violently powerful Martians, genetically split the Martian race into two distinct species, white and green, preventing the asexual reproduction. They also gave these two new races an instinctive fear of fire to prevent either group from ever accessing their full potential. Also they altered there powers so one race could never completly overcome the other.The timeframe for this genetic tampering was given as 20,000 years ago, contemporary with the early life of Vandal Savage on Earth, in JLA series 2 #86.
While the Green Martians were peaceful philosophers, the White Martians were savage warriors. A lengthy civil war between the two races ended when the few surviving White Martians were rounded up and exiled to the extra-dimensional "Still Zone" (apparently distinct from Superman's Phantom Zone, in which they were later imprisoned again).
White Saturnians 
White Saturnians called Koolars are descended from an underclass of worker clones created by ancient White Martian explorers. Green Martians cloned Jemm, Son of Saturn's people, the original Red Saturnians, from themselves, and the White Martians cloned the original White Saturnians from their own cells. The Reds were treated as equals by their creators, but the whites were treated as slaves by their masters. The enslavement of the white clones led to the civil war on Mars.
The Hyperclan is a White Martian vanguard for an all-out takeover of Earth who masquerade as alien superheroes with the intent of displacing the JLA in the affections of the people of Earth. The Hyperclan members are known as Protex, Fluxus, A-Mortal, Züm, Primaid, Tronix, Armek, and Zenturion, using the array of natural Martian powers to give each "hero" a seemingly different set of abilities; for example, Züm was a speedster, Armek was a massive armored figure with superhuman strength and could change color, and Fluxus was a shapeshifter. Their initial attack results in the destruction of the League's satellite and the death of Metamorpho and is preceded by a sickness that strikes all fire-based heroes and villains, such as Firehawk and Doctor Phosphorus, causing them to lose their powers. With the use of mind control and public relations, they nearly succeeded, brainwashing all of Earth into seeing the new Justice League as the villains. Despite the heroes scoring some victories in later confrontations, such as the Flash knocking out Züm with a punch at near-lightspeed or Green Lantern taking out Armek by exploiting the fact that they thought his ring was still vulnerable to yellow, the Hyperclan eventually managed to capture all of the Justice League, keeping Superman tortured with a mental illusion of green kryptonite. Batman managed to evade capture after the Hyperclan shot down the Batplane by taking advantage of their belief that he wasn't a threat because he was only human, deducing their true natures by their unwillingness to investigate his crashed and burning Batplane.
Sneaking into Hyperclan's base, Batman knocked out one and then later three Hyperclan members by trapping them in a ring of fire. Superman eventually managed to throw off the Kryptonite illusion and, with J'onzz, free the rest of the League. After Superman issued a public broadcast to the world that warned them of the threat, the invaders were captured, and each of them was telepathically brainwashed by J'onzz and Aquaman to believe themselves to be human. Given strong mental blocks to inhibit their powers, the Martians assumed normal Earth lives all over the globe, although they were kept under observation by the League.
Grant Morrison, the writer of JLA, deliberately designed the members of the Hyperclan to be as 'kiddy' as possible; Metamorpho even commented that they sounded like the names of children's toys.
Sabotage of Evolution 
In JLA series 2 #4, Hyperclan leader Protex tells Superman how his people first came to Earth "long before there was human life" - and performed genetic experiments on terrestrial animals which, "unfortunately," crippled the evolutionary potential of the human race. The result: "the creatures which could have been gods ended up just...humans." The implication is that we should have been, literally, a race of supermen, instead of such frail, limited creatures when compared to Martians. This was another reason for the war between the White and Green Martians, who were outraged by such biological vandalism. According to the storylines in Martian Manhunter (#25 - 27) by John Ostrander, and Son of Vulcan (#5), the genetic potential for a future metagene was discovered in ancient human DNA by the White Martian race. The White Martians performed experiments on these primitive humans, changing the metagene. Due to their experimentations, they actually altered the destiny of the human race. Whereas before evolution would have eventually made mankind into a race of superhumans similar to the Daxamites and Kryptonians, or the Martians themselves, now only a select few humans would be able to develop metahuman powers. As punishment for this, the group of renegades known as the Hyperclan was exiled to the Still Zone, a version of the Phantom Zone.
The Bruce Wayne Martian 
On subsequent occasions, the White Martians succeeded in breaking free of their psychological imprisonment. The first time, a single White Martian briefly believed itself to be Bruce Wayne due to the trauma of being caught in a flaming plane crash which erased the memory of its original human identity of a Wayne Enterprises employee; having been assigned a role as Wayne's secretary to keep a close eye on him, the Martian studied Wayne's schedule and assumed that he was Wayne. While the rest of the League kept an eye on the other Martians in case the renegade tried to 'wake them up', the Wayne Martian was defeated by a team consisting of Green Lantern, Steel, Big Barda, Orion, and Plastic Man (selected because they didn't know Batman's identity and thus wouldn't 'tip' the telepathic Martian off to the fact that he was a fake), Orion deliberately setting himself on fire to attack the Martian until Green Lantern threw a car onto the Martian to knock it out.
Terror Incognita 
The whole race was later revived after the battle with the wish-granting Id; J'onn's wish to be reunited with his human self — the League having been divided into their superhuman and civilian identities after a careless wish made by Superman — was subconsciously translated as a desire to cure his loneliness, thus prompting Id, in its usual sense of irony, to awaken those on Earth most like J'onn. This time, the White Martians captured various human psychics to work on means of expanding their own mental abilities while simultaneously constructing chemical processing towers which would fireproof Earth's atmosphere by binding all the free oxygen, making themselves completely invulnerable, and conveniently asphyxiating mankind into extinction. Although the towers were destroyed when J'onn escaped his imprisonment, the League were forced to trick the Martians into sending them to the Phantom Zone to come up with a plan of attack; the Zone was the one place Martian telepathy couldn't reach, allowing them to conceive a plan of attack and then return to Earth, J'onn placing a mental block on their minds that would stop them from remembering the plan- and thus giving the White Martians a chance to learn about it- until the moment came for them to take action. Released by the Atom (who had hidden inside Protex's head to use his own telepathy against him), the League faced the Martians in a climactic battle on the Moon. The plan required Superman, Wonder Woman, and Green Lantern to move the Moon itself to expose the Martians to flame by dragging it into Earth's atmosphere, J'onn keeping the Martians occupied while Atom manipulated Protex's telepathy to make the other White Martians believe that their fellows were the League members, Earth's magicians working to negate the damage that would have otherwise been caused to Earth by the lunar gravity. Placed in this position, the Martians were forced to accept being banished into the Phantom Zone — a common punishment for DC's most dangerous super-villains — or die on the Moon. J'onn was prepared to sacrifice his own life to defeat them, but was teleported out of danger at the last second by his teammates, Batman subsequently informing him that he was never alone, and that J'onn having considered himself such was the one thing that his teammates couldn't easily forgive.
The White Martians created a metavirus, a metagene that could be passed from host to host via touch. This metavirus was responsible for the empowerment of the very first Son of Vulcan. The Sons of Vulcan passed the metavirus down in an unbroken line from that time onwards, sworn to hunt and kill "the pale ones," the White Martians.
White Martian Hybrids 
With the help of Funky Flashman, an oviparous White Martian named A'monn A'mokk creates five human-Martian hybrid children named Sapling, Buster, Silhouette, Quaker, and Blur, using superhuman DNA from unrevealed sources. The five hybrids all have a latent fear of fire. Sapling resembled Poison Ivy in powers and costume, and Buster seemed like a cross between Bizarro and Solomon Grundy. Silhouette seemed to be wearing a variant of Nightshade's old costume and had similar powers. Blur is an albino teenager wearing an altered form of the Reverse Flash's costume.
The Burning 
When the Martian Manhunter overcame his fear of fire, he broke the ancient genetic block and released Fernus, a member of the primeval Martian race. In the JLA story arc "Trial by Fire", an ancient Burning Martian entity called "Fernus" took possession of J'onn J'onzz and exterminated as many members of the White Martian race as he could find- infiltrating the Phantom Zone by telepathically stealing Superman's access codes and travelling to the Fortress of Solitude before the League could open the Zone to try and question a White Martian about Fernus- before being defeated by Plastic Man in a last desperate confrontation.
Miss Martian 
Miss Martian, the White Martian known as M'gann M'orzz, is a member of the Teen Titans during the year between the events depicted in Infinite Crisis and the "One Year Later" stories. At first she pretends to be a Green Martian, until she is exposed by Bombshell. In her Earth form, M'orzz has green skin, shoulder-length red hair, dresses in a mini-skirt version of Martian Manhunter's outfit, and uses the Earth name "Megan Morse".
Martian Manhunter mini 
In this miniseries, several beings that appeared to be Green Martians were found alive on Earth. They were eventually revealed to be White Martians, under mind control and disguised as greens; a Green Martian named "Cay'An" had brainwashed them to believe they were Green Martians. All of the White Martians had been killed in one way or another before the series' end, except for a juvenile named Till'All. Till'All became friends with J'onn J'onzz, and was introduced to the Justice League at the end of the story. Till'All is never mentioned again. Some fans have speculated that Till'All became Miss Martian, due to the timing of her introduction, and that this revelation was then later retconned to her merely being a white martian as DC editorial was uncomfortable with potential martian transvestism.
Brightest Day 
Powers and Abilities 
Like the Green Martians, White Martians have numerous superhuman powers, including great strength, flight, invisibility, telepathy, shape-changing, phase-shifting (sometimes called variable density) which allows them to be either invulnerably tough or completely immaterial, and "Martian vision", but they also share the Green Martians' vulnerability to fire. One of the White Martians disguised himself as the Hyperclan member Zum and had superspeed, though not on the level of the Flash. In Teen Titans vol.3 #41, Miss Martian was shown quickly recovering from the effects of Bombshell's neural scrambling powers as well as reforming after (apparently) having her head shot off. She was also shown in this appearance breaking a pair of handcuffs by waving her hand near them.
The phase-shifting ability is not depicted in their first post-Crisis appearance. Also, their power of flight initially seemed limited to within an atmosphere: a White Martian is defeated by Wonder Woman after succumbing to asphyxiation in outer space; however, the White Martians are later shown flying from Earth to the moon apparently without technological assistance and fighting the JLA in a vacuum.
In other media 
- In the pilot episode of Justice League titled "Secret Origins", Earth is invaded by beings similar to the White Martians, but with a different background and appearance. The name "White Martian" is never used, as these beings did not really originate from Mars, and their shapeshifting powers were parasitically stolen from the Green Martian race when they conquered them. They are led by a being called the Imperium. Their ships are similar to the tripods from War of The Worlds. When the Imperium aliens invaded Mars, virtually the entire populace was wiped out. J'onn J'onzz, the only survivor, managed to place them in suspended animation for a thousand years until astronauts from Earth released them. The Imperium aliens took the form of humans to infiltrate Earth, then attempted to take it over. They were defeated by dispersing the protective clouds they had created to block out the sun, as sunlight is deadly to their species. The rest fled into deep space.
- In the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Rise of the Blue Beetle!", a White Martian can be seen among the pirate crew of Kanjar Ro.
- A creature that looks like a White Martian appears in a psychic montage of scenes in the Young Justice episode "Bereft" during Miss Martian's mind meld with Superboy. In the episode "Targets", Miss Martian explicitly mentions them, describing them as a minority treated like a second-class by the Green majority. In the episode "Disordered", it is hinted during a therapy session with Black Canary that Miss Martian might be a White Martian. In the episode "Image", it is finally revealed that Miss Martian is indeed a White Martian after Psimon probes her mind. This revelation was somehow forwarded to Queen Bee in hopes of forcing Miss Martian to cooperate with her. In the episode "Usual Suspects" Miss Martian reveals her true form to the team. While initially shocked, they do not show any signs of rejection, and Superboy is revealed to have known since the aforementioned mind meld in "Bereft". In the episode "Auld Acquaintance", Miss Martian assumes that form when fighting the mind controlled J'onn J'onzz effectively scaring him leading to his defeat to Miss Martian.
- The White Martians are featured in the animated film Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths. During his stay with the Justice League on the Crime Syndicate's parallel Earth, J'onn J'onnz safeguarded First Daughter Rose Wilson. When Rose felt connected to J'onn, she attempted to kiss him, J'onn responded to show her "how Martian's used to kiss", which is a telepathic exchange where he showed his history on Mars to her which showed him battling White Martians, and earlier images such as J'onn startling Dr. Erdel, and the League fighting Starro.
Video games 
- The White Martians appear in the Justice League Heroes video game with their leader voiced by Steven Blum. Brainiac had Killer Frost launch a nuclear missile to release the White Martians from their imprisonment. In this continuity, the White Martians are responsible for the genocide that killed off the Martian Manhunter's race.
- Joe Kelly (w), Doug Mahnke (p), Tom Nguyen (i). "Trial By Fire" 'JLA': 17/4 (Late Nov 2003), DC Comics
- JLA series 2 #1-4, 33
- As seen in JLA series 2 #86-89 (1997).
- As seen in Martian Manhunter series 2 #13-16 (1999).
- JLA #1-4 (1995)
- [dead link]
- "The Unofficial History of the DC Universe". Dcuguide.com. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- As seen in JLA series 2 #33
- As seen in JLA series 2 #55-58 (2001)
- As seen in Son of Vulcan series 2 #4–5 August (2005).
- As seen in Son of Vulcan series 2 #3–6 August (2005).
- As seen in JLA series 2 #84-89 (1997).
- Brightest Day #8 (August 2010)
- JLA, #1-4 (1995)
- JLA #55-58 (2001)
- Alan Kistler's Profile On: The Martian Manhunter
- Cosmic Teams: The Hyperclan
- Comicology: History of the Martian Manhunter part 3
- Cosmic Teams: DCU History & Chronology 1 Year Ago
- The DC Comics Martian History & Rehistory
- DCU Guide: JLA #1
- DCU Guide: History of the DCU
- DCU Guide: White Martians
- DCU Guide: The Burning