White Nancy

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White Nancy
White Nancy.jpg
White Nancy in 2005
Location Kerridge, Bollington, Cheshire, England
Coordinates Coordinates: 53°17′27″N 2°05′32″W / 53.290958°N 2.092348°W / 53.290958; -2.092348
OS grid reference SJ 939 771
Elevation 813.6 feet (248 m)
Built 1815
Built for Gaskell family
Listed Building – Grade II
Official name: White Nancy
Designated 17 March 1966
Reference No. 1138973
White Nancy is located in Cheshire
White Nancy
Magnify-clip.png
Location in Cheshire
This article is about the Cheshire landmark. For the variety of flowering plant named "White Nancy" see Lamium maculatum

White Nancy is a structure at the top of the northern extremity of The Saddle of Kerridge, overlooking the village of Kerridge and the town of Bollington, Cheshire, England. Since 1966 it has been designated a Grade II listed building.[1] Its profile forms the logo for the town of Bollington. As to the origin of the name White Nancy, there are several theories: it may have been named after one of the Gaskell daughters, Nancy. or maybe after the horse that is said to have hauled the table top up the hill.[2]

History[edit]

White Nancy was built in 1817 by John Gaskell junior of North End Farm to commemorate the victory at the Battle of Waterloo.[3] John Gaskell was a member of the Gaskell family who lived nearby at Ingersley Hall.[2] It originally had an entrance to a single room which was furnished with stone benches and a central round stone table, but the entrance is now blocked. It has been described as a summer house or a folly.[3]

In the mid-1940s, the Royal Signal Corps Trials Unit based at Catterick would drive a truck-mounted dish-shaped transmitter/receiver up to White Nancy. Here they tested cathode-ray tube transmission and reception (data-based, not images), to a mobile receiving station on another truck. The receiver would be driven further and further south over time, until eventually the lads at White Nancy were sending a signal to the south coast of the country. Locals told the signallers that the landmark was named after the lead horse that had transported all the materials for the building of White Nancy.[4]

British Army Signals Trials Unit testing cathode ray signals on White Nancy 1948

Description[edit]

The structure is circular in plan with its shape described as that of a sugar loaf, and is surmounted with a ball finial. It is built in sandstone rubble which has been rendered and painted.[3] It is about 18 feet (5 m) high. Stone paving has been laid around its base which is inscribed with the points of the compass.[2]

Until at least 1925 the structure was unpainted.[5] It has been painted in a number of different colours over the years, most commonly in white.[2] In 2005 vandals painted it partly in pink.[6] In March 2009 it was repainted in white with the ball finial in black.[2] In 2012 a Jubilee crown and the dates 1952–2012 were added to the north-west face and Olympic rings added to the south-east face. The green ring is in the form of a laurel wreath encircling a gold medal and the number 29 which was added later to mark Team GB's 29 gold medals.

Visitor attraction[edit]

White Nancy provides a focus on the ridge of the Saddle of Kerridge and from it there are extensive views across the Cheshire Plain towards the mountains of North Wales to the west, the hills of Shropshire to the south and the Pennines to the north and east. White Nancy and the Kerridge ridge are part of The Gritstone Trail.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English Heritage, "White Nancy (1138973)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 June 2014 
  2. ^ a b c d e White Nancy, Tim Boddington, retrieved 10 September 2009 
  3. ^ a b c Pastscape: White Nancy, English Heritage, retrieved 10 September 2009 
  4. ^ Oral History, Serving Soldier 1947–49 
  5. ^ White Nancy, The Kerridge Ridge and Ingersley Vale Countryside and Heritage Project, retrieved 10 September 2009 
  6. ^ Hird, Gavin (7 September 2005), "Nancy’s in the pink!", Macclesfield Express (M.E.N. Media), retrieved 10 September 2009 
  7. ^ The Gritstone Trail: Disley to Tegg's Nose Country Park, Cheshire West and Chester Council, retrieved 10 September 2009