White Township, New Jersey

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White Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of White
Beaver Brook Wildlife Management Area in White Township
Beaver Brook Wildlife Management Area in White Township
Map of White Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of White Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of White Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of White Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°49′17″N 75°01′59″W / 40.821516°N 75.033111°W / 40.821516; -75.033111Coordinates: 40°49′17″N 75°01′59″W / 40.821516°N 75.033111°W / 40.821516; -75.033111[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated April 9, 1913
Named for Alexander White
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Jeff Herb (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Kathleen R. Reinalda[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 27.632 sq mi (71.565 km2)
 • Land 27.152 sq mi (70.322 km2)
 • Water 0.480 sq mi (1.243 km2)  1.74%
Area rank 98th of 566 in state
4th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 525 ft (160 m)
Population (2010)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,882
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 4,800
 • Rank 382nd of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county[11]
 • Density 179.8/sq mi (69.4/km2)
 • Density rank 516th of 566 in state
16th of 22 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07823 - Belvidere[12]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3404180570[13][2][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882246[15]
Website whitetwp-nj.com

White Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,882,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 637 (+15.0%) from the 4,245 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 642 (+17.8%) from the 3,603 counted in the 1990 Census.[16] It is part of the easternmost region of the Lehigh Valley.

White Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1913, from portions of Oxford Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 1, 1913, making it the second-youngest township in the county.[17][18] The township was named after Alexander White, who came to the area on an unknown date sometime before 1760 and built a stone mansion called "The White House" near a place called Roxburg.[19]

Bridgeville (with a 2010 Census population of 106[20]), Brookfield (675[21]) and Buttzville (146[22]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within the township.[23][24][25]

Geography[edit]

White Township is located at 40°49′17″N 75°01′59″W / 40.821516°N 75.033111°W / 40.821516; -75.033111 (40.821516,-75.033111). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 27.632 square miles (71.565 km2), of which, 27.152 square miles (70.322 km2) of it is land and 0.480 square miles (1.243 km2) of it (1.74%) is water.[1][2] The township is located in the Kittatinny Valley which is a section of the Great Appalachian Valley that stretches for 700 miles (1,100 km) from Canada to Alabama.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,161
1930 1,200 3.4%
1940 1,335 11.3%
1950 1,536 15.1%
1960 1,832 19.3%
1970 2,326 27.0%
1980 2,748 18.1%
1990 3,603 31.1%
2000 4,245 17.8%
2010 4,882 15.0%
Est. 2012 4,800 [10] −1.7%
Population sources: 1920[26]
1920-1930[27] 1930-1990[28]
2000[29][30] 2010[7][8][9]

The Township's economic data (as is all of Warren County) is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,882 people, 2,115 households, and 1,328 families residing in the township. The population density was 179.8 per square mile (69.4 /km2). There were 2,304 housing units at an average density of 84.9 per square mile (32.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.33% (4,654) White, 2.03% (99) Black or African American, 0.08% (4) Native American, 0.76% (37) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.78% (38) from other races, and 1.00% (49) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.74% (134) of the population.[7]

There were 2,115 households, of which 19.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84.[7]

In the township, 17.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 16.7% from 25 to 44, 31.0% from 45 to 64, and 28.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,247 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,170) and the median family income was $81,975 (+/- $7,157). Males had a median income of $57,222 (+/- $15,520) versus $49,022 (+/- $7,746) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,964 (+/- $3,448). About 4.2% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 4,245 people, 1,668 households, and 1,179 families residing in the township. The population density was 155.1 people per square mile (59.9/km²). There were 1,770 housing units at an average density of 64.7 per square mile (25.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.35% White, 1.20% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.12% of the population.[29][30]

There were 1,668 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.[29][30]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the township was $54,732, and the median income for a family was $66,127. Males had a median income of $49,044 versus $35,000 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,783. About 2.2% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

White Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the White Township Committee are Mayor Samuel Race (R, term ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor Jeff Herb (R, 2013) and Holly Mackey (R, 2015).[32][33][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

White Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[8][38][39] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, White Township had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[40]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[41] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[42][43] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[44][45]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[46][47] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[48] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[49]

Warren County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose three members are chosen at-large on a staggered basis in partisan elections with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Freeholder Director and other as Deputy Director. As of 2014, Warren County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Edward J. Smith (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Richard D. Gardner (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2014) and Freeholder Jason Sarnoski (R, Lopatcong Township, 2016).[50] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Patricia J. Kolb (Blairstown Township),[51] Sheriff David Gallant (Blairstown Township) and Surrogate Kevin O'Neill (Hackettstown).[52][53] The County Administrator, Steve Marvin, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operation of the county and its departments.[54]

Education[edit]

The White Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade.[55] As of the 2010-11 school year, the district and its one school had a total enrollment of 572 students and 31.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 18.22:1.[56]

Public school students in grades nine through twelve from Harmony Township, Hope Township and White Township attend Belvidere High School as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Belvidere School District.[55][57]

Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Frelinghuysen Township (for grades K-8)[58] or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12),[59] with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).[60][55]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 46 passes through the northern part of the township while Route 31 passes through briefly in the east before ending at Route 46. The major county road that passes through is CR 519.

Two limited access roads provide access to the municipality: Interstate 78/U.S. 22 in neighboring Franklin and Interstate 80 in neighboring Knowlton Township and Hope Township.

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Regular meetings of the Warren County Board of chosen freeholders are held at the Wayne Dumont, Jr. Administrative Building in White Township, which also houses most of the administrative offices of Warren County. Part of the Pequest Fish Hatchery also lies within the boundaries of White Township. Four Sisters Winery is located in White Township.

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of White Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e 2010 Census Gazetteer Files - County Subdivisions: New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Clerk, White Township. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of White, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for White township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for White township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Belvidere, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  15. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  17. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 248. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  18. ^ Northwestern New Jersey--A History of Somerset, Morris, Hunterdon, Warren, and Sussex Counties, Vol. 2. (A. Van Doren Honeyman, ed. in chief, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York, 1927) pg. 766
  19. ^ Burton, Charlotte. Historical Sites of Warren County. (Warren County Tercentenary Committee and Warren County Board of Chosen Freeholders, 1965) pg. 189
  20. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Bridgeville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  21. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Brookfield CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Buttzville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  23. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  24. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  25. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, p. III-5, August 2012. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  27. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  28. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for White township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for White township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  31. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for White township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  32. ^ Mayor & Township Committee, White Township. Accessed March 16, 2011.
  33. ^ 2012 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  34. ^ GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 5, 2010. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  35. ^ WARREN COUNTY GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 8, 2011, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 15, 2011. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  36. ^ General Election November 6, 2012, WARREN COUNTY Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey, November 19, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  44. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  45. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  46. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  47. ^ District 24 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  48. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  50. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  51. ^ County Clerk's Office, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  52. ^ Message from Surrogate, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  53. ^ Constitutional Officers, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  54. ^ 2013 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  55. ^ a b c Municipal Guide to Public School Districts, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  56. ^ District information for the White Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 19, 2013.
  57. ^ Belvidere High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 16, 2013. "Belvidere High School is a small Group I school of approximately 500 students, encompassing grades nine through twelve. Students arrive from the Belvidere K-12 district and three surrounding K-8 districts; Hope, Harmony and White."
  58. ^ Overview, Ridge and Valley Charter School. Accessed September 16, 2013. "Enrollment is open to any child in New Jersey, with preference for students from the districts of Blairstown, Frelinghuysen, Hardwick, Knowlton and North Warren Regional."
  59. ^ About Us, Warren County Technical School. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  60. ^ About, Warren County Special Services School District. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  61. ^ Charles W. Buttz, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed February 3, 2011.

External links[edit]