Venezuelan of European descent

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White Venezuelan
Venezolanos blancos
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Total population
13,169,949
43.6% of the Venezuelan population[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
   Entire country; highest percents found in Andean, Central, Capital region and major urban-conglomerations.
Languages
Spanish Venezuelan
small minorities speak Italian, Catalan, Basque, Galician, Portuguese, Arabic, English, French and Alemán Coloniero, a dialect of German language.
Religion
Roman Catholics
Related ethnic groups
Other Venezuelans, Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese, Germans, Ukrainians, Syrians, Lebanese, Arab Venezuelan, White Colombians, White Hispanic, White Latin Americans White Americans

White Venezuelan is a term to describe the Venezuelan citizen of European/Middle Eastern origin. According to the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, 43.6% of the population self recognized as white.[1] At least 60% of Venezuelans have some degree of European ancestry.[3]

The ancestry of White Venezuelans comes primarily from Spaniards. Other European people that have contributed include: Italian, Portuguese, Germans, French and English.

History[edit]

Concentration of White people throughout Venezuela (persons per square kilometer). Data from the 2011 Census

Spaniards settled Venezuela during the colonial period. Most of them were from Andalusia, Galicia, Basque Country and from the Canary Islands. Until the last years of World War II, a large part of the European immigrants to Venezuela came from the Canary Islands, and its cultural impact was significant, influencing the development of the Spanish language in the country, the Venezuelan gastronomy and customs.

During the 19th century the bulk of the white Dominicans migrated to Venezuela due to the political and economic unstability in their country, especially after the French and Haitian annexation, but also because of constant coups and civil wars; they went from being the half to barely a fifth of the Dominican population.

With the beginning of oil operations during the first decades of the 20th century, citizens and companies from the United States, United Kingdom and Netherlands established themselves in Venezuela. Later, in the middle of the century, there was a new wave of originating immigrants from Spain (mainly from Galicia, Andalucia and the Basque Country), Italy (mainly from southern Italy and Veneto) and Portugal (from Madeira) and new immigrants from Germany, France, England, Croatia, Netherlands, the Middle East and other European countries, among others, animated simultaneously by the program of immigration and colonization implanted by the government.

This map shows the percentage ranges of the people who identified themselves as white on the 2011 Census. Note that it may include people of White Latin American, White American, White Canadian, Mestizo, Canarian, Berber, Levantine, Arab and Jewish ancestry, and other peoples that are not European.

Geographic distribution of White Venezuelan[edit]

List of Venezuelan states by White Venezuelan population[edit]

The following is a sortable table of Venezuelan states by White Venezuelan proportion of the population, according to the 2011 Census data.

Rank State White Venezuelan Alone

Population (2011)

% White Venezuelan[1]
!000001 Flag of Táchira.svg Tachira 743,013 58.8%
!000002 Flag of Mérida.svg Mérida 479,021 53.7%
!000003 BanderaCaracasDC.png Capital District 1,079,892 51.2%
!000004 Flag of Trujillo State.svg Trujillo 369,961 48.3%
!000005 Flag of Nueva Esparta.svg Nueva Esparta 217,828 47.1%
!000006 Flag of Zulia State.svg Zulia 1,799,760 46.3%
!000007 Flag of Miranda state.svg Miranda 1,387,265 45.8%
!000008 Flag of Vargas State.svg Vargas 153,252 44.7%
!000009 Flag of Aragua State.svg Aragua 763,351 43.4%
!000010 Flag of Carabobo State.svg Carabobo 1,010,138 42.7%
!000011 Flag of Barinas State.svg Barinas 344,265 41.9%
!000011 Flag of Lara State.svg Lara 800,225 41.9%
!000013 Flag of Anzoátegui State.svg Anzoátegui 629,802 40.0%
!000014 Bolivar State flag.png Bolívar 646,059 39.2%
!000015 Flag of Falcón.svg Falcón 375,823 38.9%
!000016 Flag of Monagas State.png Monagas 359,473 38.8%
!000017 Flag of Sucre State.svg Sucre 375,688 38.5%
!000018 Flag of Portuguesa.svg Portuguesa 348,745 37.0%
!000021 Flag of Delta Amacuro State.svg Delta Amacuro 62,457 36.4%
!000022 Flag of Cojedes State.svg Cojedes 115,437 35.6%
!000023 Flag of Yaracuy State.svg Yaracuy 229,542 35.5%
!000024 Flag of Amazonas State.svg Amazonas 54,102 34.4%
!000025 Flag of None.svg Guárico 264,036 32.9%
!000025 Flag of Apure State.svg Apure 157,193 30.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)". Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.ine.gob.ve/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=95&Itemid=26 Venezuelan population by 30/Jun/2014 is 30,206,307 according National Institute of Stadistics
  3. ^ Godinho, Neide Maria de Oliveira (2008). "O impacto das migrações na constituição genética de populações latino-americanas". Universidade de Brasília. Retrieved 1 August 2012.