White Wolf Publishing
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
|Headquarters||Stone Mountain, GA|
White Wolf Publishing was an American roleplaying game and book publisher. The company was founded in 1991 as a merger between Lion Rampant and White Wolf Magazine, and was initially led by Mark Rein·Hagen of the former and Steve Wieck and Stewart Wieck of the latter. Since White Wolf Publishing, Inc. merged with CCP Games in 2006, White Wolf Publishing has been an imprint of CCP hf, but has ceased in-house production of any material, instead licensing their properties to other publishers. The name "White Wolf" originates from Michael Moorcock's works.
White Wolf published a line of several different but overlapping games set in the "World of Darkness", a "modern gothic" world that, while seemingly similar to the real world, is home to supernatural terrors, ancient conspiracies, and several approaching apocalypses. The company also published the high fantasy Exalted RPG, the modern mythic Scion, and d20 system material under their Sword & Sorcery imprint, including such titles as the Dungeons & Dragons gothic horror campaign setting Ravenloft, and Monte Cook's Arcana Unearthed series. In order to complement the World of Darkness game line, a LARP system dubbed Mind's Eye Theatre has been published.
White Wolf has also released several series of novels based on the Old World of Darkness, all of which are currently out of print (although many are coming back into availability via print-on-demand).
White Wolf has also ventured in the collectible card game market with Arcadia, Rage, and Vampire: The Eternal Struggle (formerly Jyhad). V:TES, perhaps the most successful card game, was originally published by Wizards of the Coast in 1994, but was abandoned just two years later after a revamped base set, name change and three expansions were published. White Wolf acquired the rights to the game in 2000, even though no new material had been produced for the game in over four years. Since then, several V:TES expansions have been released, and the game was the only official source of material for the Old World of Darkness, until 2011 when the 20th Anniversary Edition of Vampire: The Masquerade was published and the Onyx Path was announced.
Video games such as Vampire: The Masquerade - Redemption and Vampire: The Masquerade - Bloodlines are based on White Wolf's role-playing game Vampire: The Masquerade. There are also several Hunter: The Reckoning video games.
Merger and MMO
On Saturday, 11 November 2006, White Wolf and CCP Games, the Icelandic MMO development company responsible for EVE Online, announced a merger between the two companies during the keynote address at the EVE Online Fanfest 2006. It was also revealed that a World of Darkness MMORPG was already in the planning stages. This game was cancelled in April 2014 after nine years of development. 
The "Old" or "Classic" World of Darkness game lines
- Vampire: The Masquerade (including the spinoffs Vampire: The Dark Ages/Dark Ages: Vampire and Victorian Age: Vampire)
- Werewolf: The Apocalypse (including the spinoffs Werewolf: The Wild West and Werewolf: The Dark Ages/Dark Ages: Werewolf)
- Mage: The Ascension (including the spinoffs Mage: The Sorcerers Crusade and Dark Ages: Mage)
- Wraith: The Oblivion (including the spinoff Wraith: The Great War)
- Changeling: The Dreaming (including the spinoff Dark Ages: Fae)
- Kindred of the East
- Hunter: The Reckoning (including the semi-spinoff Dark Ages: Inquisitor)
- Mummy: The Resurrection
- Demon: The Fallen (including the spinoff Dark Ages: Devil's Due)
In addition to those game lines a series of books was produced under the title World of Darkness. These provided stand-alone materials for multiple game lines with the focus on a specific region or theme, e.g. WoD: Blood dimmed Tides (about the oceans), WoD: Combat (an alternative 'crossover' combat system to resolve contradictory mechanics and add some sophistication), WoD: Tokyo and WoD: Mafia.
For the Third Edition of Ars Magica, White Wolf hitched that game's pseudo-historical setting to the 'future' World of Darkness setting. This was a simple adjustment (since the core premise of both settings is 'Earth as we know it' + 'supernatural fiction is reality') and particularly suited to the 'Tremere connection' between a clan of vampires from the original Vampire and a House of magi in the Order of Hermes (the central organization of Ars Magica as well as one of the 'Traditions' in M:TA).
The "New" World of Darkness game lines
The games of this series use White Wolf's newer Storytelling System.
- Vampire: The Requiem
- Werewolf: The Forsaken
- Mage: The Awakening
- Promethean: The Created
- Changeling: The Lost
- Hunter: The Vigil
- Geist: The Sin-Eaters
- Mummy: The Curse
- Demon: The Descent
Age of Sorrows
- Trinity (science fiction and psychics)
- Aberrant (near-future superheroes)
- Adventure! (1920s pulp heroes)
Mind's Eye Theatre (LARP)
The majority of the Old World of Darkness games were adapted into the original Mind's Eye Theatre format for live-action roleplaying. Product lines in this era include:
- Laws of the Night (formerly Masquerade; based on Vampire: The Masquerade)
- Laws of the Wild (formerly Apocalypse; based on Werewolf: The Apocalypse)
- Oblivion (based on Wraith: The Oblivion)
- Laws of the Hunt (focusing on mortals as characters)
- The Long Night (based on Vampire: The Dark Ages)
- The Shining Host (based on Changeling: The Dreaming)
- Laws of the Wyld West (based on Werewolf: The Wild West)
- Laws of Ascension (based on Mage: The Ascension)
- Laws of the Reckoning (based on Hunter: The Reckoning)
- Laws of Resurrection (based on Mummy: The Resurrection)
- Laws of the East (based on Kindred of the East)
- Faith and Fire (based on Dark Ages: Vampire)
- Vampire by Gaslight (based on Victorian Age: Vampire)
Subsequently, the Mind's Eye Theatre was revamped for the New World of Darkness. A core Mind's Eye Theatre rulebook was published as the LARP analogue to the World of Darkness core rulebook, with several Mind's Eye Theatre adaptations following in suit: The Requiem, The Forsaken, and The Awakening each adapted their respective namesakes to the new system of MET rules.
Imprints and labels
White Wolf has different imprints under which various books are published, most notably:
- Arthaus - products for which White Wolf serves as publisher, not developer
- Black Dog Game Factory - adult themed products (defunct)
- Sword & Sorcery - products compatible with the d20 system by Wizards of the Coast
Black Dog Game Factory was also a fictional company in the World of Darkness, as detailed in the Subsidiaries: A Guide to Pentex game supplement.
The Onyx Path
At GenCon 2012 it was announced that CCP Games/White Wolf would not continue to produce table-top RPGs. Onyx Path Publishing, a new company by White Wolf Creative Director Richard Thomas, purchased the Trinity games and Scion from CCP and became licensee for the production of World of Darkness titles (classic and new), as well as Exalted. Onyx Path does not, however, hold a license to the Mind's Eye Theatre titles.
- A Brief History of Game #10: Lion Rampant: 1987-1990, RPGnet (Retrieved 14 June 2007)
- Announcement of merger with CCP hf.
- "White Wolf Release Schedule 2011-2012". White Wolf Publishing. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
- White Wolf Online - Official web site.