White currant

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Groseilles blanches.jpg
Currants, red and white, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 234 kJ (56 kcal)
13.8 g
Sugars 7.37 g
Dietary fiber 4.3 g
0.2 g
1.4 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(3%)
0.04 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(4%)
0.05 mg
Niacin (B3)
(1%)
0.1 mg
(1%)
0.064 mg
Vitamin B6
(5%)
0.07 mg
Folate (B9)
(2%)
8 μg
Choline
(2%)
7.6 mg
Vitamin C
(49%)
41 mg
Vitamin E
(1%)
0.1 mg
Vitamin K
(10%)
11 μg
Trace metals
Calcium
(3%)
33 mg
Iron
(8%)
1 mg
Magnesium
(4%)
13 mg
Manganese
(9%)
0.186 mg
Phosphorus
(6%)
44 mg
Potassium
(6%)
275 mg
Sodium
(0%)
1 mg
Zinc
(2%)
0.23 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

The white currant (whitecurrant) is a sport of the red currant (Ribes rubrum), a species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to Europe. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall and broad, with palmate leaves, and masses of spherical, edible fruit (berries) in summer. The white currant differs from the red currant only in the colour and flavour of these fruits, which are a translucent white.

Cultivation[edit]

Unlike their close relative the blackcurrant, red and white currants are cultivated for their ornamental value as well as their berries.[1]

Currant bushes do best in partial to full sunlight. They are relatively low-maintenance plants.

The cultivar 'White Grape' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2] There are also cultivars with yellow and pink fruit, called respectively yellow currants and pink currants.

Culinary uses[edit]

White currant berries are slightly smaller and sweeter than red currants. When made into jams and jellies the result is normally pink. The white currant is actually an albino cultivar of the red currant but is marketed as a different fruit. White currants are rarely specified in savory cooking recipes compared with their red counterparts. They are often served raw and provide a sweetly tart flavor. White currant preserves, jellies, wines and syrups are also produced. In particular, white currants are the classic ingredient in the highly rarefied Bar-le-duc or Lorraine jelly although preparations made of red currants can also be found.

The berries are a good source of vitamins B1 and C, and are rich in iron, copper and manganese.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klein, Carol (2009). Grow your own fruit. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845334345. 
  2. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Ribes rubrum 'White Grape'". Retrieved 30 May 2013. 

External links[edit]