White dog shaker syndrome

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

White dog shaker syndrome (also known as idiopathic steroid responsive shaker syndrome, shaker dog syndrome and "little white shakers" syndrome; Latin name Idiopathic Cerebellitis) causes full body tremors in small dog breeds. It is most common in West Highland White Terriers, Maltese, Bichons, and Poodles,[1] and other small dogs. There is a sudden onset of the disease at one to two years of age. It is more likely to occur, and the symptom is worse during times of stress. Nystagmus, difficulty walking, and seizures may occur in some dogs.

The cause is unknown, but it may be mediated by the immune system. One theory is that there is an autoimmune-induced generalized deficiency of neurotransmitters.[2] Cerebrospinal fluid analysis may reveal an increased number of lymphocytes.[3] Treatment with corticosteroids may put the dog into remission, or diazepam may control the symptoms.[4] Typically the two drugs are used together.[5] There is a good prognosis, and symptoms usually resolve with treatment within a week, although lifelong treatment may be necessary.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ettinger, Stephen J.;Feldman, Edward C. (1995). Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine (4th ed.). W.B. Saunders Company. ISBN 0-7216-6795-3. 
  2. ^ "What is shaker dog syndrome?". Canine Inherited Disorders Database. University of Prince Edward Island. 2001. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  3. ^ a b Vite, C.H. (2005). "Inflammatory Diseases of the Central Nervous System". Braund's Clinical Neurology in Small Animals: Localization, Diagnosis and Treatment. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  4. ^ Chrisman, Cheryl; Clemmons, Roger; Mariani, Christopher; Platt, Simon (2003). Neurology for the Small Animal Practitioner (1st ed.). Teton New Media. ISBN 1-893441-82-2. 
  5. ^ Yamaya Y, Iwakami E, Goto M, Koie H, Watari T, Tanaka S, Takeuchi A, Tokuriki M (2004). "A case of shaker dog disease in a miniature dachshund". J Vet Med Sci 66 (9): 1159–60. doi:10.1292/jvms.66.1159. PMID 15472486.