Whiteash, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Whiteash
Village
Country United States
State Illinois
County Williamson
Coordinates 37°47′18″N 88°55′35″W / 37.78833°N 88.92639°W / 37.78833; -88.92639Coordinates: 37°47′18″N 88°55′35″W / 37.78833°N 88.92639°W / 37.78833; -88.92639
Area 0.89 sq mi (2 km2)
 - land 0.86 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.02 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 268 (2000)
Density 308.1 / sq mi (119 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62959
Area code 618
Location of Whiteash within Illinois
Location of Whiteash within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Whiteash, Illinois

Whiteash is a village in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. The population was 268 at the 2000 census, and dropped to 248 in the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Whiteash began as a coal mining community around the Chicago and Marion Coal Company's mine organized by Charles A. Gent of nearby Marion, Illinois. In 1903, Gent bought the site of the village from Samuel K. Casey, publisher of the Egyptian Press newspaper also of Marion. He in turn had inherited it from his grandfather George W. Binkley who had homesteaded the land and entered it with the government in 1837. Gent platted the village on July 3, 1903 in the northwest corner of Section 31, Township 8 South, Range 3 East of the Third Principal Meridian, also known as Lake Creek Precinct. He named the town Whiteash after the trade name he used for the coal his mine produced.

A post office opened there on February 29, 1904 with Robert T. Payne as postmaster. Residents incorporated the village the following year on June 16, 1905. The mine operated until 1922 when it filled with water and was abandoned. Mail service continued for another decade or so, finally closing on November 30, 1934. The population in 1960 was 160.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Whiteash is located at 37°47′18″N 88°55′35″W / 37.78833°N 88.92639°W / 37.78833; -88.92639 (37.788300, -88.926450).[3]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), of which 0.86 square miles (2.2 km2) (or 96.63%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 2.25%) is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 353
1920 381 7.9%
1930 237 −37.8%
1940 206 −13.1%
1950 204 −1.0%
1960 160 −21.6%
1970 181 13.1%
1980 268 48.1%
1990 249 −7.1%
2000 268 7.6%
2010 241 −10.1%
U.S. Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 268 people, 114 households, and 80 families residing in the village. The population density was 308.1 people per square mile (118.9/km²). There were 121 housing units at an average density of 139.1 per square mile (53.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.01% White, 0.75% African American and 2.24% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population.

There were 114 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the village the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $24,167, and the median income for a family was $28,000. Males had a median income of $25,972 versus $15,938 for females. The per capita income for the village was $11,780. About 22.1% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 14.7% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ James N. Adams, comp. 1989. Illinois Place Names. Springfield, Ill.: Illinois State Historical Society. 545.
  2. ^ Barbara Burr Hubbs. 1939, Reprint 1979. Pioneer Folks and Places. Marion, Ill.: Williamson County Historical Society. 230-231.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing, U.S. Census Bureau 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.